Sonnet Forms

Sonnet Forms  (Last updated: ) October 11, 2017)

Listed here are All Sonnet forms that I have found that have been given names. They are segregated in separate indices as Standard or Gadget sonnets.   Sonnet forms listed here at last count = 178.

To jump to the specifications, poem example and template, click on sonnet name. Please comment if you find any errors or omissions that need correction. Sonnets marked like this were created by writers who are or have been on Allpoetry.

13 Line Sonnet Any sonnet form which ends in couplet, wherein thepoet combines two lines into one with internal rhyme.Invented by Marcy Javis, writing as ea on Allpoetry.
AA Sonnet (12 Step Sonnet) abab cdcd efef ggStaircase internal rhyme
Acrostic Tribute Sonnet Acrostic plus title yields message.
Acrostic Sonnet * TREATMENT rather than form
Alternating Sonnet  abba/ccd/abba/ede or aab/cddc/ebe/cddcAlternate quatrains and tercets
Amanda’s Dark Sonnet It is a sonnet consisting of two seven line stanza’s.The first letters of each line form a two word acrostic, which must be alliterative.The rhyme scheme is as follows: aabbcca abbccdd
America Forte  abab bbcc cdcd dd
American Libre  abab bbcc cdcd ee
Arabian  Onegin Sonnet  AaAa BBbb CdC DDd
Arabian Sonnet aaaa bbbb ccc ddd
Asean Royal Flush  Sonnet aaaaaaaa aaaaaa
Balanced Sonnet Stanzaic       Two septets  (7 line stanzas)Meter:         Iambic pentameterVolta          Not specified.Rhyme Scheme:  ababcbc ededfef
Bardic Sonnet  English Sonnet with cross-rhyme and Consonant End-Rhyme.
Beginning of the Line Rhymed Sonnet  aabbccddeeffgg
Betwixt Sonnet  abba cbbc dbbd bb
Beymorlin Sonnet abab cdcd efef gg
Blank Verse Sonnet No rhyme; Strict Iambic Pentameter
Blues Sonnet AAa BBb CCc DDd ee
Bowelsian Sonnet  abba cddc effe gg
Brisbane Sonnet abcabc defdef gg
Bush Ballad Meter Sonnet ababcdcdefefgg, syllabic 15/11, anpestic and iambic
Busta Sonnetto A sonnet made up of two quintets (with envelope rhyme) and a quattrain, in any order.  Hundreds of possible rhyme schemes.
Byron’s Sonnet abba acca ded ede
Canadian Sonnet-Italian Structure Unique from the Bowlesian sonnet because it is presented as two quatrains + two tercets
Rhyme Scheme: abba cddc eff egg
Capped Sonnet xxxxxxxxxxxxaa
Caudate Sonnet abbaabbacdcdcd dee
Chained Sonnet  Each line begins with the last word of the preceding line,
Channing’s Sonnet abbaabba cde cdeabbaacca dee dff, and others
Choi’s Sonnet abab bbcc cdcd dd
Chivalric Sonnet xaxa xbxb xcxc dd
Clare Sonnet aabbccddeeffgg
Cornish Sonnet Abacbc Dedfef AD or abacbC dedfeF CF
Countess’ Grief 1 It consists of three quatrains and a couplet, but the couplet itself does not rhyme. The Rhyme scheme is:  abba cddc eefg gf
Couplet Sonnet aa bb cc dd ee ff gg
Cross Sonnet aabb ccdd eeff gg or abab cdcd efef gg
Curtailed Quantrail 3 quatrains + couplet, 8886/8886/8886/88
Rhymed:  aa(bb)c dd(ee)c ff(gg)h ii
Created by Marcy Jarvis, aka ea on Allpoetry.com
Curtailed Sonnet abcabc defde  or  abcabc dbcdc
Cyhydedd Fer Sonnet aabbccddeeffgg
Deplorable Sonnet aaaB cccB dd eeeB
Divino Sonnet aabb dccd eff egg
Doggonnet They rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef ggAll lines are six syllables.Two of the quatrains MUST be iambic trimeter.The other quatrain MUST be trochaic trimeter.The couplet may be either meter
Dorn Sonnet abcabc ee aeaeae or abcabc dd efefef
Double  Sonnet Any standard sonnet doubled in one of three ways,
Double Trouble Sonnet Front and end-rhyme:
(a/b)(a/b)(c/d)(c/d)(e/f)(e/f)(g/h)(g/h)(i/j)(i/j)(k/l)(k/l)(m/n)(m/n)
Dual Sonnet Any meter, any rhyme scheme Created by  Allan R. Emery, aka Joe King on Allpoetry.
Dueces Sonnet Rhyme Scheme: abba abba baab aa
Dutch Sonnet ababaaccdxdfxf
Echo Sonnet a*bbA accA addA a*A
Created by Jeff Green writing as CricketJeff.
Elfmath Sonnet  Re-uses identical words in specific pattern as opposed to rhyme scheme.
English Sonnet  abab cdcd efef gg
Envelope Sonnet An otherwise normal sonnet with rhyme scheme abbacddc efgefg or abbacddc efefef.
Fatima Stanza Sonnet abab bcbc cc cdcd
Flying Bird Sonnet aaaaa bbccbb aaaa
French Canadian  Sonnet abba cddc ee fggf 
French Sonnet abba abba ccdeed or abba abba ccdccdor abba abba ccdede

Folded Sonnet
A gadget sonnet of 12 lines in iambic heptameter (Alexadrine meter).
Four Epoch Sonnet abba cdcd efge hh 
Four Kings Sonnet abbaabba abbaab
Fourteener Alexandrine meter, any rhyme
French Sonnet abba abba ccdeed or abba abba ccdccdor abba abba ccdede
Germanic Sonnet abbabccb cddcdd
Germanic Caudated Sonnet abbabccb cddcdd dee dff dgg
Gloria cum Noynoy Sonnet – Italianic abba abba cddc dd
Glorionic Sonnet  aabbbccc ddedee
Grammarian Sonnet Stanzaic , consisting of alternate quintains and coupletsMeter is iambic pentameterRhyme scheme: abbba cc deeed ff
Harrisham Sonnet ababab cdcdcd ee
Heroic Sonnet ababcdcdefefghgh ii
Hybrid Sonnet abba abba cdcd eeabab cdcd efgefg abab cdcd efefef or abba cddc effe gg
Hyper Sonnet Four tercets plus a couplet.Syllabic 10/8/6/5, Rhyme scheme is axa axa xaa xaa aa
Illini Sonnet Written in both iambic pentameter and tetrameter.
Rhymed: abcabcdbcdecee
Indonesian Sonnet abab abab abab ab
Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet abbaabba cdecde or abbaabba cdccdc or abbaabba cdcdcdabababab cdecde or abababab cdccdc or abababab cdcdcdababacca cdecde  or ababacca cdccdc  or ababacca cdcdcd
Irish Sonnet abab bcbc cdcd dd
Ivorian Sonnet Composed of a progression of stanzas, couplet, tercet, quatrain and quintet.
Rhymed aabcbdede, then a quintet which rhymes each letter.
Japanese Sonnet  aaaa bbbbbb aaaa
Jeffery’s Sonnet aabccb ddeffe ge
John Tee Sonnet ABcdefABghijAB
Kal’s First Fireburst The same as Kal’s Wondercloth Weave Sonnet, except the rhyme scheme: abcb bcdc cded de, requires line 3 in each quatrain to be feminine rhyme.
Kal’s Wondercloth  Weave Sonnet abcb bcdc cded de
Kangaroo Pause  abab ccdd efef gg
Keats Sonnet abc abd cab cde de 
Kilmer’s Sonnet abba baab cdc dcd
Kindergart Klas Sonnet abca bcab cabc dd
Kiss Cross Sonnet aabb ccdd eeff gg or abab cdcd efef gg 
Kiwi Pause abba ccdd effe gg or ababccdddedeff
Korean Sonnet  aaaaaaaa bbbbbbbb; A 16 line sonnet
Kyrielle Sonnet AabB, ccbB, ddbB, AB -or- AbaB, cbcB, dbdB, AB.
La Germania rhyming pattern: abba acca cddc ddformat: English (quatrain, quatrain, quatrain, couplet)
Lannet 10 syllables per line,
No End Rhyme Allowed
Lazy Day Sonnet  Created by Rebecca Kerr:  Rhyme pattern aabbccdddeeeff
Limerick  Sonnet Three quatrains in anapestic meter.
Created by Jeff Green
Luc Bat Sonnet A Vietnamese form with 6/8/6/8..syllable lines and internal rhyme.
Lunatic Sonnet aaab bbcc cddd ee
LuVailean Sonnet An invented sonnet form with alternating iambic pentameter and iambic dimeter lines, concluding with a heroic couplet.
Rhyme scheme: ababcdcdefefgg.
Luzvimninda Sonnet aaaa bbbb cccc dd
Mabini Sonnet abbaccaa ddaeea
Malayan Wave Sonnet –  English Format aaba bbcb ccdc dd
Marshalline Sonnet abab cdcd efef gg
Mason Sonnet abcabcbc dbadda
Maylayan Fireburst aababbcbccdcdd
Maylayan Wave Sonnet aababbcbccdcdd
Melanesian Sonnet aabaaaba aababb
Miltonic Sonnet abbaabbacdecde
Mirrored Seven Sonnet Rhyme scheme: ababcdeedcbaba
Isosyllabic:  7 syllable per line.
Morya’s Double Lock Two quatrains plus two tercets
Rhyme scheme: abba baab cdc dcd
Volta at or following line 9
Multi-Directional Sonnet Sonnet Treatment – Not a form
Mystique’s Mini Sonnet It is Stanzaic with three quatrains and a coupletIt is Syllabic 6/6/7/7 6/6/7/7 6/6/7/7  7/7It is Rhymed with a RefrainRhyme Pattern Aabb cccc Aa cc dd
Nevada Sonnet Use any sonnet rhyme patteren + Internal RhymeCreated by Lawrencealot of Allpoetry
Passion Sonnet A1bA2B1 bcB1c B1dbd A1A2
Paulo Comitatu Sonnet This sonnet is composed of 3 quatrains,the first line of each being iambic  pentameter or tetrameter, and  the next three being one foot less (tetrameter or trimeter).The closing couplet is Iambic pentameter.Rhyme scheme: abbb accc deee dd
PGMA Sonnet Form created by Jose Risal M. Reyes in honor of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyorhyming pattern: abba abba cddc dd
Philippine Sonnet  aaaa bbbb aaaa cc
Philippine Stanza Sonnet aaaa bbbb cccc dd
Polynesian Wave Invented and named by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines.   Meter is iambic pentameterRhyme Scheme: aaxa bbxb ccxc dd
Pope John XXIII Sonnet aaaa bbbb cc dddd
Princess Sonnet A formulistic sonnet with first syllable(s) rhyme with is the inverse pattern of the orginal sonnet form chosen.
Pushkin Sonnet  abab ccdd eff egg
Quatern Sonnet No rhyme Required, Any Permitted
Queen’s Sonnet

Rhyme Scheme: abba ccac deed ff

Rainis Sonnet abab cbc aa, abab cbc bb, abab cbc cc abab cac aaabab cac bb, abab cac cc, abab cac aa
Reasonnet Four tercets plus a coupletrhyme scheme aaa bbb ccc ddd eeInvented by Ruth Poteet writing on Allpoetry as Reason.
Relaxed Sonnet Alternating iambic trimeter and iambic dimeter lines
and the final couplet being iambic pentameter
Rhymed: abababcdcdcdee, where the a-rhymes are feminine.
Rime Royal Sonnet ababbccdedeeff
Romblomanon Sonnet aaaa bb cccc dddd
Rondel Prime Sonnet ABba abAB abbaAB
Rosarian Sonnet aabcc ddbee fggf
Rubaiyat Sonnet  aaba bbcb ccac aa
Russia’s Twin Eagles  Invented and named by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines.Meter is iambic pentameterRhyme Scheme: aba bccb ded effe
Salamander’s Fireburst Rhyme pattern is abcb acdc aded ae, where the c and d rhymes must be feminine.
Sapphic Ode Sonnet abab cdcd efef gg
Saraband Sonnet –  English Style aaa abab aaa abab, aaa abab aaa abcbaxa abab axa abab, axa abab axa abcbaaa abcb aaa abab, aaa abcb aaa abcbaxa abcb axa abab, axa abcb axa abcb
Saraband Sonnet –  French Style aaa bbcc aaa bbcc or aza bbcc aza bbcc (where “z” lines must  rhyme with each other, but can have any value, inclueding a-c.)
Saraband Sonnet –  Italian Style aaa baab aaa baab or axa baab axa baab
Saraband Sonnet –  Spanish Style aaa bcbc aaa bcbc or axa bcbc axa bcbc
Schwim’s Sonnet A 13 line sonnet consisting of 3 quatrains plus a closing line.
Internal rhyme on odd-numbered quatrain lines.
Created by W.W. Schwim.
Scupham Sonnet Two  Scupham stanzas (sextets) followed by a coupletMetered: Iambic PentamterRhymed: abccba deffed gg
Sestina Sonnet No Rhyme, Formulistic word pattern
Sephallian Reverse Sonnet When read in the normal fashion, the poem has a pessimistic tone, but when read from bottom to top, it becomes and optimistic poem.  The rhyme scheme is abcdeedcbaffa and may optionally be written as a refrain sonnet as A1bcdeedcbA2ffA2A1.
Shadow Sonnet Any Sonnet rhyme + Internal rhymeCreated by Victoria Sutton aka Passionspromise on Allpoetry
Sicilan Sonnet abababab cdccdc  or abababab cdecde
Signature Sonnet A 15 line sonnet, 3 quintains, aabba bbaab ababa,iambic tetrameter, created by B. Chandler
Skeeter Sonnet A gadget sonnet consisting of a lines of two feet:
A dactyl plus a trochee, which is catalectic on all even lines except the last.
Slide Sonnet aabb ccdd eeff gg or abab cdcd efef ggor abba cddc effe gg 
Solihull Sonnet ababababababcc, created by Barry Hopkins
Sonnenzio A poem which must repeat a word from a line of another sonnet in each of its own lines.  It may be blank verse or any rhyme scheme, as long as it concludes with a rhyming couplet.
Sonnet Anapest The defining character is that lines alternate between anapestic tetrameter and anapestic trimeter with feminine rhyme.
Sonnet Reversed A sonnet in iambic pentameter,
with Rhyme Scheme: aa bcbddedefgfg
Sonnet Reversii A lexical sonnet, where the last word of each line, is the first word of the next line, and the first and last word of the sonnet are the same.
Sonnet Rounds, Crowns, and Sonnet Redoublé Here Lies this poet’s proudest work.
Sonondilla It should be written in octosyllabic lines.
Meter either iambic or trochaic
Rhyme Scheme: abbaabbaccddcc
Volta to appear at line 9.
South African Quilt  It is defined by the Rhyme scheme: aabb ccdd efg efg
Spenserian Forte abab bcbc cdcd dd
Spenserian Sonnet abab bcbc cdcd ee
Stefanile Triadic Sonnet  aba bccdbbde efe 
Storm Sonnet abcc deff ghii jj
Super Sonnet Any rhyme Scheme, 4 to 8 quatrains followed by couplet
Swannet A1. b. b. A2… c. d. d. c… e. f. f. e… A1. A2.
Teacher-Pupil Equation Rhyme Pattern: aaaa aaaa bbbb bb
Teddybard Sonnet Rhyme Pattern: aaaabbccddeeff
Tennyson-Turner’s   Sonnet abab  cdcd  effe  fe
Tet Zayin Sonnet Aabb bbcc ccdd ddaA 
Terza Rima Sonnet A1bA2 bcb cdc dad A1A2 or  aba bcb cdc ded ff
Tory HexaTet Sonnet ababcdcd ee ffgg Created by Victoria Sutton aka Passionspromise on Allpoetry
Transitive Sonnet aa bbb cccc bbb aa rhyme scheme May change between occurrences of indicated rhyme on basis of slant rhyme, sight rhyme, metronyms, etc.
Triolet Sonnet  ABaAab ABaAab AB
Trinidad Sonnet  Aba cbc Ded fef AD
Tirrell Sonnet  A1A2 bcb cddc bcb A2A1Created by R.L. Leonard, aka Tirrell on Allpoetry.
Tuckerman’s Sonnet abbabcab adeced  or abbabcba bdeced
Turkey’s Delight

abba ccdd efef gg

Vaughanet A form which uses near rhyme, in the volta coming at L5-6
Rhmye Scheme: abab cc dede fgfg 
Visayan Splash Stanzaic: 3 quatrains and a couplet.
Rhyme Scheme: abcb bcdc cdad da
Visser Sonnet Internal rhyme only Octet + Sestet -Usually Iambic PentameterInternal Rhyme scheme abbaabba cdecde
Originated by Audrea Visser
Volcanic Fireburst Stanzaic: 3 quatrains and a couplet.
The rhyme scheme is: abba ccDD eeDD ff, where the capital letters indicate feminine rhyme.
Volcanic Workshop Stanzaic: 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet.
Rhyme Scheme: abBB ccBB ddBB ee, where the capital letters indicate feminine rhyme.
Weaver’s Sonnet Created by Tim Weaver, aka Poeticweaver on AllpoetyRhyme pattern: aabb cdcd efef ggVolta/Meter/Line length optional
Whimsical Sonnet Lines alternate between iambic pentameter and hexameterRhyme scheme: abab cccc dede ff*where f* is a near rhyme to f
Word Sonnet any sonnet rhyme pattern, one word per line
Wordsworth Sonnet abbaacca dede ff
Wreathed and Unwreathed Sonnet a(a/b)(b/a)(a/b)(b/c)(c/d)(d/c)(c/d)e(e/f)(b/e)(e/b)(b/e)(e/f)
a specific internal rhyme scheme.
Wyatt/Surrey abbaabba cddc ee

Last Added Lazy Day Sonnet

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