Glorionic Sonnet

The Glorionic Sonnet is an invented sonnet form inspired by the writing of John Milton. This is a contest form which has been used by many workshops. Introduced by Gloria Martin in 1976 and found in The Study and Writing of Poetry; American Women Poets Discuss Their Craft, 1983.
The Glorionic Sonnet is:
– a quatorzain made up of an octave and a sestet.
– metric, iambic pentameter.
– rhymed, aabbbccc ddedee.
– composed with the pivot in the declamatory end couplet.

Example Poem:

Stink Outside the Box        (Glorionic Sonnet)

A frequent gas from Fred, who is a Fed,
with flatulence has brought things to a head.
His supervisor’s getting many calls
from other workers up and down the halls
of stink and paint now peeling off the walls.
There’s no report of rumbling says the bunch,
but only smells to make them lose their lunch.
A reprimand won’t work, I have a hunch.

A hostile work environment exists;
it will while his condition still persists.
Here’s where compromises tried are bound to fail,
and everybody there is getting pissed.
So folks will not go postal- he must bail.
The feds should let poor Fred deliver mail.

© Lawrencealot – December 22, 2012

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Mason Sonnet

The Mason Sonnet is an invented sonnet form created by American poet Madeline Mason in 1953. It is the rhyme scheme that sets this sonnet apart from others. This was found in the Study and Writing of Poetry; American Women Poets Discuss, 1983 and has been used in workshops 
throughout the US
* an octave and a sestet.
* metered, iambic pentameter.
Rhyme pattern: abcabcbc dbadda
* composed with a pivot developed after the octave.
Example Poem:
Grow up Slowly        (Mason Sonnet)
I like to go to grammas’ after school.
I show her what I learned today then play,
or learn a lot of stuff not in a book.
She showed me how to milk a cow. That’s cool.
She showed me on the internet today.
But best of all she lets me help her cook!
We made gingerbread cookies; Grandpa took
a lot so I think they turned out okay.
Don’t know what I’ll  be when my growing’s done,
A cook? A fireman? It’s too hard to say.
If you think I change my mind a lot, you’ll
be right. My mom says choosing’s half the fun.
“Take time to be a  kid and play and run.”
Right now that’s my grandparent’s golden rule.
     © Lawrencealot – December 21, 2012
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Visser Sonnet

I am exceptionally glad to add this Sonnet form to my list.
Insofar, as I know it is the only sonnet form to be created by one of the States’ Poet Laureates.

Visser Sonnet – Internal rhyme only
Octet + Sestet
-Usually Iambic Pentameter
Rhyme scheme (internal only)    abbaabba cdecde
Originated by Audrae Visser,
Poet laureate of S. Dakota, 1974-2001

I found no specific column mandated for the internal rhyme
Apparently Volta is up to the poet.

Example Poem:
With Hidden Rhyme     (Visser Sonnet)

A Visser Sonnet may be hard to find,
or recognize when you do, for the rhyme
is hidden from your view except when read
aloud, then it will play.  It’s internal
and nicely tucked away inside each line.
It could be blank verse too, if iams rule,
for while that form if true, denies end-rhyme
it’s mute about the way one  acts inside.

Yet Visser earned our praise as she was South
Dakota’s poet queen- well, laureate,
the only one of such to make this mark.
Let us our glasses raise in toast and write
a sonnet now to bring this latent form
to life and add a touch of difference.

© Lawrencealot – November 2, 2012

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Tuckerman’s Sonnet

Tuckerman’s Sonnet – abbabcab adeced
or abbabcba bdeced

Example Poem:
Tell Me of Your Anger in Whispers (Tuckerman Sonnet)
A silence is most fine thing when irate.
I’ll want to help resolve most any plight.
If I have blundered then I’ll be contrite.
Emotions can cause words to over state
But calm approaches help keep troubles slight.
Attack invokes defense without much thought.
It’s wise of you my dear, therefore, to wait,
We want to solve a problem, not to fight.
With cause to pause and think, I shall relate.
So hold those words for later; don’t despair
for now. Wait ’til your anger can abate.
Use dulcet tones to reap the goal now sought.
I’ll listen, think, and I’ll appreciate.
Speak whispers, lying close- and I’ll be caught.
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Sicilian Sonnet

The defining features of the Sicilian Sonnet are:
• a quatorzain, made up of an octave followed by a sestet.
• metric, in English, written in iambic pentameter.
• composed with the octave presenting an idea, problem or question, followed by a sestet finding the solution or resolution. The word “sestet” originally was reserved for the sonnet or other forms in which the group of 6 lines attempts to distinguish itself from other line groups such as the octave of the sonnet. This is in contrast to the words sixain or sexain which are 6 line stanzas usually written in conjunction with other sixains or sexains as in the Sestina.
• rhymed using only 4 rhymes. The difference between Sicilian and Italian is in the rhyme scheme. The octave made up of 2 quatrains alternates rhyme abababab. The sestet made up of 2 tercets with alternate rhyme cdcdcd. 

Pasted from
My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource.

There are three basic Italian Sonnet Forms; 
1. Italian.
2. Sicilian and
3. Sonetto Rispetto.
The difference is in the octave. The octave is constructed of two quatrains.
1. The Italian has a rhyming scheme of, a.b.b.a….a.b.b.a.
2. The Sicilian has a rhyming scheme of, a.b.b.a….c.d.d.c.
3. The Sonetto Rispetto uses uses either sestet with the Ottava Rima Octave which is very different from the two previous forms and has a rhyming scheme of a.b.a.b.a.b.c.c.
Each of these forms can also have a choice of two sestets, Italian and Sicilian:
1. The Italian sestet consists of two tercets (of 3 lines) with the rhyme scheme.. .1.2.3….1.2.3. 
2. The Sicilian Sestet, has a rhyme scheme of .

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My thanks as always to the active group at thepoetsgarret

FORM : Re-stated
* Sicilian form of the Italian Sonnet – 14 lines
* divided into 1 octave and a sestet
* volta (pivot) in line 9
* written in iambic pentameter
* rhyme scheme abab abab cdc cdc
                         or abab abab cde cde

Example Poem:

Tell Me of Your Anger in Whispers       (Sicilian Sonnet)


Should you be moved to speak in anger dear,

I ask that first you test your words alone.

If I have blundered then I will want to hear

but will not gain from harshness in your tone.

Such words once thrown will travel like a spear

We’ve both before said words we can’t disown.

You’ll want to make sure that your meaning’s clear;

an err unsaid leaves nothing to atone.


So hold those words for later; don’t despair,

there’s nothing risked delaying words that grate.

My love, use whispers closely late tonight.

I’ll listen to your words- you know I’m fair.

So love, allow your anger to abate.

I love you dearly; I will make it right.


© Lawrencealot – June 21, 2013


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Rondel Prime Sonnet

French Sonnet or Rondel Prime is simply a Rondel with an second refrain added to the end of the poem. This verse form unlike most sonnets is usually syllabic. The sonnet was introduced to France in the 16th century by Clemont Marot (?-1544).

The defining features of the Rondel Prime or French Sonnet are:
• an octave made up of 2 quatrains followed by a sestet.
• isosyllabic, the classic French sonnet is written in Alexandrine lines but this sonnet form can also be found in 8 syllable lines or the lines can be an number of syllables as long as the measure is consistent throughout the poem. In English it is found written in iambic pentameter or Alexandrine lines.
• rhymed ABba abAB abbaAB, A and B being refrains.
• composed with 2 refrains. L1 is repeated in L7 and L13, L2 is repeated in L8 and L14.
• composed with a pivot or turn somewhere after L8.

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Example Poem:

Reflecting             (Rondel Prime Sonnet)

When desolation grabs your heart and forces tears
Let nature speak, reminding you not all is known.
When you, so young were taken to the funeral biers
my faith was shattered; all beliefs and hopes were thrown

away.  I felt no comfort thinking heaven’s spheres
could somehow recompense for earthly love we’d grown.
When desolation grabs your heart and forces tears
Let nature speak reminding you not all is known.

I went to our lagoon, our waterfall appears
today to look like you, and hope renewed is sown
into my soul.  We lived and loved! This thought coheres.
That truly shines. Remember we are just on loan.
When desolation grabs your heart and forces tears
Let nature speak reminding you not all is known.

© Lawrencealot – November 14, 2012

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Melanesian Sonnet

Octet + Sestet
Generally Iambic Petameter
Volta at or following line 9
Rhyme scheme:  aabaaaba aababb
This is a form invented by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines

JOSE wrote another which he intended to name Melanesian Wave which is only
different in presentation being three quatrains and a couplet.  It seems to me that
poets have always had the freedom to present their sonnets as the muse dictated they should.  I am not posting it therefore as a separate sonnet form.

Example Poem:

A Simple Flash!  (Melanesian Sonnet)

She thinks perhaps I dream of her at night
and miss her when she’s somewhere out of sight.
She believes that some how I deserve respect
and am her thoughtful brave and charming knight.
She thinks it’s fun to hike or fly a kite,
or read a poem and talk by candle light.
She speaks her mind, and shares her thoughts unchecked;
objections are not taken as a sleight.

Her figure’s full, her teases do incite;
She thinks her cleavage flashed just might excite
and grins and smiles when I become erect,
my validation proving she was right.
She thinks she can have sex and my respect.
I know my lady surely is correct.

© Lawrencealot – October 30, 2012
This was written a parody of a Dalaney Poem

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Mabini Sonnet

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 — May 13, 1903) was a Filipino political philosopher and revolutionary who wrote a constitutional plan for the First Philippine Republic, and served as its first prime minister until May 1899.
Octet + Sestet- Generally Iambic Pentameter
Volta at or following line 9
Rhyme scheme: abbaccaa ddaeea
This is a form invented by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines
Example Poem:
All in the Family  (Mabini Sonnet)
I love you dearly, I will make things right.
Just hold that premise near your heart my dear
My callow acts are bound to disappear
as stumbling I learn; I am most contrite.
Yet certainly we can’t avoid sorrow
by tracing footsteps into tomorrow.
Ignoring your dad’s not too subtle sleight
will quell the arguments which such incite.
He calls me Ivory ‘cus I’m not black
and Avery’s my name; so cut him slack.
My dad thought interracial was alright.
Your dad will too when our first child is born.
The fringe of bigotry will then be shorn.
It happens.  Then the Grandpa’s see the light.
© Lawrencealot – October, 24,2012
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Japanese Sonnet

Japanese Sonnet
Invented by Jose Rizal M. Reyes
Only found one source and only this:
Japanese Sonnet (Each line is a haiku) – aaaa bbbbbb aaaa

Example Poem:

Farewell Revoked (Japanese Sonnet)

In draining dreams from far you come to me.
I just returned from east across the sea.
I left too much; my heart- cannot be free.
Your sensual image resonates a plea.

I’m haunted by your mouth that said good-bye
and tortured by eyes wanting so to cry.
Sybaritic urges now force a sigh.
Your fleshy image plays on my mind’s eye
So juxtaposed with silk and small bonsai,
Yet I sailed home and now I don’t know why.

So real the dreams- you’re here- and yet not quite.
The very best of my days are at night.
I’m coming back to make this whole thing right.
You’ll be my bride; then days will equal night.

© Larry Eberhart, aka, Lawrencealot, Oct 4, 2012

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Germanic Sonnet

Germanic Sonnet
Generally Iambic Petameter
Volta at or following line 9
Octet + Sestet
Rhyme scheme: abbabccb cddcdd

This is a presentation invented by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines, however the Germanic Sonnet, I found after posting this has been around for hundreds of years and is not new. Volta is typically at line 9, but could be at line 12, too.

The traditional Germanic Sonnet has a rhyme scheme of:

.. a. b. b. a. . . b. c. c. b. . . c. d. d. . . c. d. d.
I do not believe presenting the tercets as a sestet should qualify this as a new form.

Example Poem:

Straight Talk Volta (Germanic Sonnet)

Didactic poems can be used to teach.
An autologic poem may espouse
itself, defining what its form allows.
And either type can be set forth to preach.
They usually show the wheres and hows.
A sonnets heart, (the volta or the turn)
is not a trick that manual writers learn.
So what’s a poet faced with to arouse?

Well, stop and tell the whys that you discern
once you’ve instructed well.  A twist is made,
the sonnet sighs, stands tall, and you’ve not strayed
from form.  You may if need ‘ere you adjourn
return to central theme, a point delayed,
for emphasis; and beautifully displayed.

© Lawrencealot, Oct. 17, 2012

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