A nonet has nine lines. The first line has nine syllables, the second line eight syllables, the third line seven syllables, etc… until line nine that finishes with one syllable. 
It can be on any subject and rhyming is optional.
line 1 – 9 syllables
line 2 – 8 syllables
line 3 – 7 syllables
line 4 – 6 syllables
line 5 – 5 syllables
line 6 – 4 syllables
line 7 – 3 syllables
line 8 – 2 syllables
line 9 – 1 syllable
Example Poem
Maybe Later
Procrastination, that’s what I do.
‘Tis a wonderful business tool.
It works for most, might for you,
I used it back in school.
Just work on what’s due.
Then all is cool.
That’s the clue.
This fool’s–

Octain Refrain

The Octain Refrain is a form invented by Luke Prater.  Learn more about Luke by visiting his blog at
It comprises eight lines as TWO TERCETS and a COUPLET, either as octosyllables (counting eight syllables per line), or as iambic tetrameter, whichever is preferable. Trochaic tetrameter also acceptable. The latter yields a more propulsive rhythm, as opposed to iambs, which tend to lilt.
As the name suggests, the first line is a refrain, repeated as the last (some variation of refrain acceptable). Rhyme-scheme as follows –
Abb a(c/c)a bA
A = refrain line. c/c refers to line five having midline (internal) rhyme, which is different from the a- and b-rhymes. The midline rhyme does not have to fall exactly in the middle of the line, in fact it can be more effective and subtle, depending on context, to have it fall earlier or later.
Alternative layout/stanza-structure: TWO SINGLE LINES and TWO TERCETS
Refrain lines on their own, with the middle six as two tercets –
A bba (c/c)ab A
The High Octain is simply a double Octain, but as one poem – the refrains are the same, a- and b- rhymes are the same, but actual words are different, and the c/c line with the internal rhyme can optionally be rhymed in the second instance. There is no restriction on the level of repetition, but in most cases the stipulated refrain A is enough; this may even feel too repetitive and need varying. As a general guideline, changing up to four syllables of the eight still retains enough to feel like the refrain. The end word must remain the same.
The structure of the High Octain is one single after another with a break in between; alternatively, it can be written as two blocks of eight lines:
A-b-b-a-c/c-a-b-A [or d/d instead of c/c]  (I’ m sorry, but a d-rhyme without a c-rhyme makes no sense!)
It is also possible to write a piece consisting of a string of single Octains (the rhymes of which would not usually correspond).
Example Poems
Octane Refrain     (Octain)
My muscle  car needs high-octane. 
If jerk at pump should pump low test 
He’ll have a broken nose at best. 
From low octane I must refrain. 
It’s racing fuel to race you fool. 
but high-octane I must explain. 
That’s par for cars that run the best. 
My muscle  car needs high-octane. 
© Lawrencealot – June 19, 2012
Showers Wash the Stars  (Octain)
Springtime showers bringing rainbows 
Brightest sharpest color forming 
Glassine crystals grasslands warming 
Steam now rising; morning rain goes. 
Cleaned pavilion shines cerulean
promised now where stars refrain goes
Superb nighttime twinkle swarming.
Springtime showers bringing rainbows. 
New Year’s Eve     (High Octain)
When we were young we joined the crowd 
To walk the street in freezing cold, 
to greet the new; kick  out the old. 
To hear the fireworks booming loud, 
and watch their flight into the night, 
their light reflecting off a cloud. 
We’d be there when the bells were tolled. 
When we were young we joined the crowd. 
When we were young we joined the crowd 
on blocked off streets that were patrolled 
by cops on horses quite controlled. 
But now we’re older we’ve avowed 
to stay and see it on TV, 
that’s even if the streets are plowed. 
We have each other we can hold. 
When we were young we joined the crowd. 
   © Lawrencealot – December 30, 2012
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Note: In both cases the final four syllable will suffice for the refrain if the poet so desires.


Octameter, created by Shelley A. Cephas,
is a poem made up of 16 lines
divided into two stanzas of 8 lines each.
Each line has a syllable count of 5.
The set rhyme scheme is: abcdedfd ghcgigdd  (abcdedfdghcgigdd)
I found this form defined on Shadow Poetry.
Of all the poetry forms I have studied none has been affixed with a more misleading and potentially confusing name.
Example Poem

T-aint Octameter  (Octameter)

Most mis-named form seen–
the Octameter.
That’s a standard line
length measured in feet.
I ambs, trochees, such
which decide the beat.
Confusing girth with
length was not too neat.

It’s an octastitch.
Can’t quarrel at all.
If this form were mine
There’d be a name switch.
Say.. an octapent;
gone the need to bitch.
Current name is scat,
Cephas should fix that.

© Februrary 5, 2013

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A poem praising a person place or thing.

Related forms:

Other Odes: Aeolic Ode, Anacreontic Ode, Choral Ode or Pindaric Ode or Dorian Ode,Cowleyan Ode or Irregular Ode, Horatian Ode, Keatsian or English OdeRonsardian Ode 

Thematic Odes: Elegy, Obsequy, Threnody Ode Elemental Ode Genethliacum Ode Encomium or Coronation Ode Epithalamion or Epithalamium and Protholathiumis Palinode Ode Panegyric or Paean Triumphal Ode Occasional Verse

Ottava Anna

This is an OTTAVA ANNA Form
Invented by Carol Anne Gordon, aka Mystictarusritr on

Derived from Ottava Rima form

Written in pentameter, frequently iambic.

internal and end-rhyme schemes.
Internal rhyme is on syllable 4 or 5 each line.
External rhyme is on syllable 10 each line.

There is to be a Volta line 4 or 5 or…
Internal ~ abbaaccb
External ~ deeddffe

The rhyme scheme may be turned inside out if you like

Internal ~  deeddffe
External ~  abbaaccb

Example Poem

Pit  Stop

Assistance desired- the girl did perceive
a hunk with the quick good looks she did seek
pumping gas.  Her trick had worked once last week.
Promptly she inquired “What do you believe
has this time transpired that you can relieve?”
The hunk turned away, and started to grieve.
You see he was gay, and hoped to leave soon.
He saw the oil slick- third head pulled this week.

© Lawrencealot – June 2, 2012

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Ottava Rima

A Ottava Rima is a poem written in 8-line octaves.
Each line is of a 10 or 11 syllable count in
the following rhyme:
one octave poem. abababcc
two octave poem. abababcc, dededeff
three octave poem. abababcc, dededeff, ghghghii

…so on and so on

Example Poem

Hereafter What?

Amazing homeostasis defies
entropy, seemingly with thoughtful change.
Through positive and negative replies
to stimuli it locks into a range.
A cell no more thinks than a piglet flies.
Ours try for constant Ph to arrange.
Each does its stupendous job then it dies.
With no need to fret where its future lies.

All instructions are D.N.A.  coded,
as is their time to “die”, then they’re replaced-
or not.  A mountain grows then’s eroded,
while vapor turns to water being chased
through mountains cracks; more rocks are exploded,
Sometimes this cycle seems to be a waste.
Yet, waste or not it will play to the end.
That sir, is how my life will work, my friend.

Man’s invented God since men could converse,
for death was never obscure- purpose was!
For most all, life was hard and they feared worse.
Hence gods were wrought to whom to plead their cause.
I’ve actualized myself though time  is terse.
I’ve lived, live yet, and require no applause.
Life’s tiller needs no Maker’s mighty hand.
His role fulfilled with big bang, on demand.

Those faith imbued may feel for me as I
so feel for them, saddened they’re not complete.
“They’re in a better place” will comfort my
peers – not I.  “They” must mean souls, not discrete
tokens.  Those souls pre- and post- life rely
on no puppet master, on no hymn sheet.
If soul there be then soul there is right now,
and will be then continuing, somehow.

(c) Lawrencealot – May 28, 2012

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The term, which derives from skein, refers to a tightly wound little
A poem of 10 lines that rolls out in measured segments, then goes back and
picks up the short threads for the final unraveling.
It’s easier to show an example than try to describe it, so I have done that.

There seems to be widespread speculation on the parameters of the form, but
I’ve never found a definitive guide, so stick to the format in my example,
which is iambic with a rhyme scheme of aa bb cc cddc.   (aabbcccddc)

The first six lines alternate between tetrameter and dimeter;
the next three are tetrameter,
and the final line consists of L2, 4 & 6 all in a row.

Example Poem

Choose Cheer

My life’s a joy, it is indeed,
living my creed.

When troubles come they get resolved;
problems are solved.

They’re fixed, dismissed, conclusions drawn–
not dwelled upon.

Change direction,your angst is gone.
Options appear with each closed door
you otherwise might not explore.
Living my creed, problems are solved not dwelled upon.

Ignore upset; ‘t’wll disappear;
configure cheer.

To guaranty that your life sings
rearrange things.

Just make a stranger smile today.
Make your life play.

Sadness dissipates- goes away
once acknowledged and then released.
By attitude one’s joy’s increased.
Configure cheer. Rearrange things. Make your life play.

© Lawrencealot – August 7, 2012

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Invented by Bhaskar Datta

Within a Triolet, the 1st, 4th, and  7th lines
repeat, and the 2nd and 8th lines do as well.
The rhyme scheme is simple:  ABaAabAB, capital
letters representing the repeated lines.

Make writing a Triolet more challenging!
Make each line 8 syllables in length (4 metrical feet),
written in iambic tetrameter (the more common way),
or try it in pentameter (English version)

NOW that you have done that, add an oxymoron to each line and you have an OXYLET

Example Poem

Left Aint Right

Now we will try to right a wrong
for we don’t find the left is right.
We are aroused, but passive throng.
Now we will try to right a wrong
We’ll loudly sing our quiet song
and wage this year our peaceful fight.
Now we will try to right a wrong
for we don’t find the left is right.

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Palidrome Poetry

Palindrome Poetry
Also Known as Mirrored Poetry   (See also Tuanortsa  Trick Poetry).

A palindrome, by definition, is a word, phrase, verse, sentence, or even poem that reads the same forward or backward. It stems from the Greek word palindromos: palin, meaning again, and dromos, meaning a running. Combining the two together, the Greek meaning gives us, running back again…

Example Poem

Time to Caucus

Grumble and hollar and growl and mumble.

Mad and agitated was I glad?

Tumble and hoot now so bumble.

Bad events population sad,

bet placed folks upset yet

long faces folks wrong.

Yet good things get.

Throng in song.

One done


Done one

song in throng;

get things good yet.

Wrong folks faces long

Yet upset folks placed bet.

Sad population events bad

Bumble so now hoot and tumble

Glad I was agitated and mad!

Mumble and growl and hollar and grumble.

© Lawrencealot  – April 12, 2012


The Paradelle is a modern poetic form invented by Billy Collins as a parody of the villanelle. Billy Collins claimed that the paradelle was a difficult, fixed form consisting of four six-line stanzas with a repetitive pattern invented in eleventh century France, and the press believed the story and ran with it.  Due to the extensive publicity, the Paradelle has made its rounds in the poetic community.  Even though the form was invented as a hoax, the Paradelle has taken on a life of its own.  It is still a difficult form, nonetheless, to practice which can be fun and
rewarding even though the inventor may not have intended it to be.

The Paradell Structure

First Three Stanzas:

The first two lines as well as the third and fourth lines of the first three stanzas must be the same
(repeat).  Where it begins to get difficult and become more of a poetic puzzle is when reaching
fifth and sixth lines.  These lines must contain all the words from the preceding four lines within
the stanza using them only once to form completely new lines.

Last Stanza:

For the most difficult piece of this poetic puzzle, the final stanza of the paradelle does not repeat like
the preceding stanzas, rather the final six lines must contain every word from the first three stanzas,
and only those words, again using them only once to form completely new lines.

The Design is simple:

Stanza 1: 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4
Stanza 2: 5, 5, 6, 6, 7, 8
Stanza 3: 9, 9, 10, 10, 11, 12
Stanza 4: 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

Where the numbers merely indicate lines of verse, of any line-length.

Example Poem

A Paradelle with Ending Rhyme

When looking, a perfect calm descends
When looking, a perfect calm descends
You create a meaningful view with Paradelle tools.
You create a meaningful view with Paradelle tools.
A perfect calm descends looking, when you
create a meaningful view with Paradelle tools.

Upon  using the  form and  by watching fools
Upon  using the  form and  by watching fools
you made a sounding, as start .
you made a sounding, as start .
Upon  using the  form and  by watching fools
you made a sounding, as start.

That  as poetry
That  as poetry
ends quite  well.
ends quite  well.
That  as poetry
ends quite  well.
A perfect calm descends  upon  you
When you create a meaningful view
using the  form  by watching fools
looking, and  sounding,  as made with tools.
That  start as Paradelle
poetry ends quite  well.

© Lawrencealot – April 27, 2012