Cinquain

(Standard) Cinquain
The cinquain, also known as a quintain or quintet, is a poem or stanza composed of 5 lines. Examples of cinquains can be found in many European languages, and the origin of the form dates back to medieval French poetry.
The most common cinquains in English follow a rhyme scheme of ababb, abaab or abccb. Sixteenth and seventeenth-century poets such as Sir Philip Sidney, George HerbertEdmund Waller, and John Donne frequently employed the form, creating numerous variations.
Other examples of the form include “To Helen” by Edgar Allen Poe, which begins:
Helen, thy beauty is to me
Like those Nicean barks of yore,
That gently, o’er a perfumed sea,
The weary, way-worn wanderer bore
To his own native shore.
A Visual Template:
Rhyme optional with Crapsey cinquain
Crapsey cinquain
American poet Adelaide Crapsey invented the modern form,[2] inspired by Japanese haiku and tanka.[3][4] In her 1915 collection titled Verse, published one year after her death, Crapsey included 28 cinquains.[5]
Crapsey’s cinquains utilized an increasing syllable count in the first four lines, namely two in the first, four in the second, six in the third, and eight in the fourth, before returning to two syllables on the last line. In addition, though little emphasized by critics, each line in the majority of Crapsey cinquains has a fixed number of stressed syllables, as well, following the pattern one, two, three, four, one.[citation needed] The most common metrical foot in her twenty-eight published examples is the iamb, though this is not exclusive. Lines generally do not rhyme. In contrast to the Eastern forms upon which she based them, Crapsey always titled her cinquains, effectively utilizing the title as a sixth line.
The form is illustrated by Crapsey’s “November Night”:[6]
Text
Syllables
Stressed
Listen…
2
1
With faint dry sound,
4
2
Like steps of passing ghosts,
6
3
The leaves, frost-crisp’d, break from the trees
8
4
And fall.
2
1
Variations
The Crapsey cinquain has subsequently seen a number of variations by modern poets, including:
Variation
Description
Reverse cinquain
a form with one 5-line stanza in a syllabic pattern of two, eight, six, four, two.
Mirror cinquain
a form with two 5-line stanzas consisting of a cinquain followed by a reverse cinquain.
Butterfly cinquain
a nine-line syllabic form with the pattern two, four, six, eight, two, eight, six, four, two.
Crown cinquain
a sequence of five cinquain stanzas functioning to construct one larger poem.
Garland cinquain
a series of six cinquains in which the last is formed of lines from the preceding five, typically line one from stanza one, line two from stanza two, and so on.
Another form,  Called a Didactic cinquain, sometimes used by school teachers to teach grammar, is as follows:
Line 1: Noun
Line 2: Description of Noun
Line 3: Action
Line 4: Feeling or Effect
Line 5: Synonym of the initial noun

Coraline poetry form

This is a form invented by Allpoetry’s Lisa Morris , aka Streambed

It is a modified Italian Octave  with the following specifications. 

The lines are octasyllabic, to be written preferable in iambic tetrameter,

but trochaic tetrameter may be used at the poet’s discretion.

 A poem consists of exactly two  stanzas, each being an octave. (2 octaves)

The rhyme scheme is: abbaccab

 

Example poem

Revised (Coraline)

For years and years I loved one wife
whose sensuality evoked
desire in every word she spoke.
I thought I’d married her for life.
My work demanded much of me
were I to climb the corporate tree;
she coped with kids and household strife
and felt her passion’d been revoked.

So she revoked our marriage vow-
became a vamp and able tease,
and found more men than me to please.
I offered work to disavow,
to change so she would stay with me;
but she enjoyed then being free.
The gloomy skies have brightened now,
a pampered wife sets me at ease.

© Lawrencealot – September 18, 2013

Visual Template (for iambic tetrameter)

Byron’s Septet

This form was brought to our attention by Streambed of Allpoety
with this comment introducing a contest:
I don’t know what Byron would have called this form, but I think of it as “Ruffled Couplets” because it’s pretty much couplets shaken up by an unexpected line. It’s so easy to use. It’s based on Byron’s one stanza poem “Remembrance.” The meter in the original poem wigged me out a little, and I had to step back and just think of typical 8 syllable lines before I could use it. I’ll post the original here, but if you find the meter frustrating to work around I’m also posting a link to mine below which uses a typical meter.
Remembrance by Lord Byron
’Tis done!—I saw it in my dreams;
No more with Hope the future beams;
My days of happiness are few:
Chill’d by misfortune’s wintry blast,
My dawn of life is overcast;
Love Hope, and Joy, alike adieu!
Would I could add Remembrance too!
I have created a visual template of this poem below,
indicating a sestet of  iambic tetrameter
with rhyme pattern aabccbb.
I chose to name this form Byron’s Septet for easy  identification
Visual Template

Blank Verse

Blank Verse  is different from Free Verse in that a consistent recognizable meter is required.
End-rhyme is NOT permitted.
It is stanzaic with stanzas of any length and number.
Generally it is written in Iambic Pentameter.
The following autologic poem by Ruth Poteet, aka Reason on Allpoety shows all you need to know to pen this form.
              Pentameter is normal for blank verse 
               which simply means ten syllables per line.
               It does not rhyme which makes it more relaxed.
               You write as many stanzas as you like.
               The best examples are iambic verse –
               where even-numbered syllables are stressed,
               but any steady rhythm will suffice
               as long as rhyme is missing from the piece.
                © Reason – February, 2013

Bibliographic Profile Acrostic

This a poetry form invented by AP’s own Andre_ben-YEHU 

It is named — BIBLIOBIOGRAPHIC PROFILE ACROSTIC. It may be rhymed or blank verse on any poetic frame and verse’s length; and “Poetic License” is allowed in the meter.
The composition in this form must paint a profile on the Tributee, and use title (s) of the tributee’s literary production within the stanzas or stanza. (Thus is is a formulaic work)
The purpose of this form is to honor the Tributee-author, the poetic Art, and to promote the tributee’s works.
Here is an example poem by Lawrencealot

Example Poem

Eusebius     ( BIBLIOBIOGRAPHIC PROFILE ACROSTIC)

MIRROR, MIRROR, a horror story moved me,  lacking gore.
Intrigued by Michael’s mild approach I ventured to read more.
Clearly FLOWER FROM THE STARS comes ready to delight fans
Having thrived on fantasy taking place in many lands
And thrilling readers of his poems. There I’ve read him most.
Even active folks may miss him He’ll not compete nor host.
Look for GUILE, CAMILLE, or POUT, different forms everyone.
**
Forms used by Swinburne left unnamed, reemergence he’s begun.
AMERA IS penned by this swain is exemplar Trijan refrain.
Now, VOICE OF ANGELS, Swinburne’s work and CAMILLE is again.
THE CHATEAU and THE CENTAURESS are sonnets with distinction.
If we can learn from these- quality won’t face extinction.
Now that I’ve said my piece and presented this micro view.
Arise and go check Eusebius out- all six of you.

© July 22, 2013 – Lawrencealot
NOTE 1:
The Acrostic spells Michael Fantina
Note 2:
All of these works are posted on Allpoetry
Stories:
MIRROR, MIRROR
FLOWER FROM THE STARS
Poems:
GUILE
CAMILLE
POUT
AMERA IS
VOICE OF ANGELS
CAMILLE
THE CHATEAU
THE CENTAURESS

Barbee

This form was created by Lawrence Eberhart, aka Lawrencealot on Allpoetry  in response to a contest.
It is named the Barbee, due to the facts it is dedicated to BarbarbBP, and that it’s syllabic representation looks somewhat like a capital E.
This form was designed for IAMBIC PENTAMETER in which case all of the required rhyming is STRESSED.
It has a COUPLET rhyming pattern on the 2nd syllable of aabbccddeeffgg
and an end-rhyme CROSSED rhyming pattern of  ababcdcdefef
It is a poem of 12 lines and may be presented as the poet desires.
It is syllabic 10/10/10/6/6/10/10/6/6/10/10/10
 
Example Poem
 
Natural Transformation
 
A rose within my garden proudly grows
and shows it’s colors to all flying friends.
it sends it’s scents to bees and birds and so
attends to those whose ends
it serves while it preserves
with verve the scents its visitors like best
expressed thru pollination’s frequent swerve.
Attest now to progressed
parade of bright new shades
as trades made randomly give us a new
delight of multicolor serenades
It’s quite a pleasant gift for us to view.
© Lawrencealot – April 5, 2013
Visual Template
 
 

Ballade Supreme

Pronounced Bal-Odd.
Structure, Metrical Requirement, Repetitive Requirement,
Rhyme Scheme Requirement, Isosyllabic
3 – 10 line stanzas, 10 syllables per line, 5 line envoy, Refrain
ababbccdcD ababbccdcD ababbccdcD ccdcD
 
Example Poem

Organized Scam (Offensive to the religious)

Organized religion takes wealth from fools
Their God plays to members who must applaud.
Congregations, powerful, then vote rules
exempting them from taxes– quite a wad,
The solitary reason some found God.
Mark Twain best said it and not as a joke.
If you could reason with those in church’s yoke,
(but generally you cannot, I swear)–
If you  could, there’d be no religious folk.
Professed belief is a vestment men wear.
Proselyte, aggregate are common tools.
Convert, assemble, in the name of God.
The cult leader see fiscal, cultural jewels.
Believers  wait until they’re under sod.
In religions name, so oft they maraud.
More died in quests religions have provoked
than in wars other evil has evoked.
I understand the quest to ban despair
Save thyself! In fantasy waters soak.
Professed belief is a vestment men wear.
A God there may well be; that question rules.
But not an interactive “man” facade
that demands devout devoted, frightened fools.
The force started every thing I laud
But religion’s fables I’ll not applaud.
Natural law will serve well for my cloak.
Promised gifts or punishments are a joke.
Virgin birth or virgin gifts- do not square
with reason “God” seemed not to yet revoke.
Professed belief seems a vestment men wear.
In the U. S. congress there’s but one bloke
who admits he wears not God for a cloak.
The others profess “God”, so not to scare
The sheep who are fine with mirrors and smoke.
Professed belief is a vestment men wear.
(c) Lawrencealot – October 2012

Author Notes

This is a Ballade Supreme, apparently the third one written in English, one by Amera,  now two by me.
Today I searched for a new write and found one written  2/9/2012 called Ballade Supreme, but it fails to comply by having a REFRAIN.
 
 
 
 
 
Visual Template

Acrostic

The following are “lifted” from the Allpoetry Acrostic Course, free to all.
It is known that people do not always realize how impressive you can make an acrostic. And sometimes they are not thought of as poetry, because they do not rhyme….
But, here is breaking news for you! Poetry does not have to rhyme. And the glorious thing about acrostics, is that they have a hidden message down the side as well!
 ‘Standard Acrostic’.
To start. There are two main stages…
First, remember your brainstorming?
Did you pick a word or sentence? Put it down the side.
R
E
M
I
S
S
I
O
N
Now that you have your word, or phrase, think of the things that would fit. What does this word make you feel? How could you describe it? Use the brainstorm you had in assignment one. Your finished product should look a little like this…
Really happy now!
Excited too…
My Mum
Is nearly better
So thank you for your prayers!
So thank you for being generous
I love you all for
Opening lots of happiness to my Mum
Now she’s in remission.
Your next form has two names,
 Shadow or Mirror acrostic.
 I prefer shadow, so I’ll probably use that, but it does get called both.
This acrostic is similar to the standard form, but a bit harder.
The idea here is that you have the same message at the left side of the poem and at the right side.
Start work with the same idea.
Choose your word or sentence, for example:
F F
E E
E E
T T
And fill the middle. This is to add an extra ‘hidden message’ in the poem, a clever twist that sometimes people miss. Therefore, these poems work better if they actually make sense.
Feel the love on the shelf,
Expel your anger into torture.
Expect to be fueled by coffee,
To be dancing on that caffeine shot!
Acrosteleostic
The third form…
     Acrosteleostic.
This does not appear to be official in any way (or at least I have found no outside information on it). It seems it was created by a genius here on AP. Nonetheless, it’s an interesting form, and therefore worth teaching!
To start, you need a word. Then you need another with around the same number of letters for the other side.
Here, I shall write it, and see if you can view the message.
(A clue: I am not a ‘normal’ English woman. Why?)
Countless cups I drink with appreciatioN
Of liquid with it’s caffienated echO,
Feeling loved by it’s mental thoughT
Fell in love, the day it was boughT.
Everyday life spent with my friend coffeE…
Everyone knows I prefer it to teA!
Mesostich.
This is not quite as hard as the previous form. It requires a poem of almost any form, but the letters in the middle spell out the message.
For example, if every line had 13 letters, the 7th letter would form part of the message.
It would be wise to choose your message first, and then build your poem around it.
I have used the name TOYA.
Sitting here surrounded by dusT on all sides. I think all talking
is a must. I am alone in this old rOom. So, I can talk from birth to doom.
You may think I am crazy, but what Yelling will achieve? Everybody
knows you wear your heart on an Apron string. Tell me your belief?
Telestich.
Easier still. This form requires only the end letters to spell a message.
Again, it is wise to choose your word or sentence, and work around it.
If you get stuck, a tool I’ve learned to use is Google or a similar search engine. Type into the search bar “words ending with the letter ‘_'” and it will find pages for you. Same with the mesostich, type in the search bar “words with ‘t’ as the third letter,” or equivalent. No problems there…!
The hidden message here is mildly dire: read the last letter of every line to determine what the poem is about…
It is not to be confused (when you go out of your mind,
With being alive. People will care when you’re
Breathing whispers of Omega,
And meeting Alpha…a melancholy must.
Just waiting for the day you again grace earth.
Cross Acrostic. (I believe they may have run out of names!)
This form is a little trickier, but easier to understand, I think. There was a very famous one written by Edgar Allen Poe. Now even though most of you may never have studied his works (I’ll be honest and say that I have not…), his is a name that most of you should recognize as a famous poet. His poem was entitled ‘A Valentine,’ and was written to include the name of a sergeant. 
The idea behind this is that the message is hidden across the acrostic. The first line has the first letter, the second line with the second letter, and so on.
Feed me with love and energy,
Treat me with respect.
You can use me in so many ways…
But I ask only one thing.
Start your diet another day!
My word? Fruit.
Feed
tReat
yoU
but I
starT
Clever, huh? 
Triple Threat
You have learned several forms so far. You have practiced the art of hidden messages in several places within a poem: at the end, in the middle, spread out….
The first form here is called a Word Acrostic. Essentially, you must think of a sentence, small or long, and then make it into a poem. To further explain what I mean, I’ll demonstrate. (Pay attention, you will be writing one!)
‘I am teaching you’ will be my sentence.
I
Am
Teaching
You
…will go down the side, like that. Then you will fill the rest out, and, hopefully, it will still make sense. These work better if you like to be clever, and make the message completely the opposite of the poem.
I only want to know what you have to show me.
Am I presuming too much?
Teaching me the basics of your chosen trade…
You tell me everything I need to know.
This is the word acrostic.
Now, we get clever.
This is where we amalgamate (mix) three different things together, and it is one of my favourite ways to write. I will be honest and say I’ve not seen anyone else write one…so I am sharing my knowledge with you…we can spread the word!
I have coined it as a Triple Threat.
(Note to everyone, if you have seen it elsewhere, let me know, and I’ll happily share the credit!)
This little beauty mixes the wholeness of a poem, with two hidden messages.
To make this, you need to do an acrostic, then a word acrostic, then the rest of the poem.
Sound complicated? I’ll show you how… Maybe you’ll enjoy them as much as I?!
Here’s one I wrote earlier.
Sentence- I will win yet…
I
W
I
L
L
W
I
N
Y
E
T
Now you have your basis, you need to work out a sentence that runs alongside it…
I
Wish
I
Lived
Lots,
When
I
Needed
You.
End
This!
  Remember
  Failure.
There is a sentence or two. Sometimes, if you can include the punctuation, it helps people see the hidden message; however, this is not always possible.
On top of this, if the poem feels ‘unfinished’ with the sentence as it is, you might need to add a couple lines. I have done this, and indented them so they are seen as part of the poem but not part of the standard acrostic. However, they make sense as part of the word acrostic.
And the poem in full…
know one thing only.
Wish myself to have been more.
I dream of better endings.
Lived for myself, for others-
Lots of love shared…
When I go,
I will regret one thing, I
Needed more. Just more
You. You were everything I had.
End draws near- I look back.
This Is It.
      Remember one thing…
      Failure is an option.
You may have noticed that the poem and the message are opposite? Again, a nice touch you might see often in acrostics.

Ragonelle

The form was invented by Adaline Reilly, aka -AJ on Allpoetry.

Rhyming: abab
Syllable Count: 12/7/12/7
There are no requirements for specific meter.

Example poem

Go Ahead (Ragonelle)

Every time I let some one jump ahead in line
Since their item count is small
I realize that for the folks who come behind
order matters not at all.

The time I did this last, was at a big box store
Gads! She only had ice-cream.
“Sure, go ahead”, I said suppressing dread once more.
Here’s my most recurring theme:

Here, membership’s required and knowing that’s not hard.
This miss tried to scam the game;
The supervisor said “Maa’m, that is not your card.
He let her stay, just the same.

Of course the credit card she first tried, failed the test
the second one would not do,
“A debit or a club card maa’m.” (or cash I guessed.
The lady was not yet through.

The third card was a debit card that rang the chimes,
the gal’s face lit up with joy,
to make it work she’d had to swipe the thing three times.
I was then a happy boy.

© Lawrencealot – August 4, 2013


Here is a visual template

 

Ridotto

This form was invented by Thomas Horton of Allpoetry.
It’s called a RIDOTTO, from the Italian for “reduced.”  In a ridotto, you choose a number of syllables for your first line (x).  Your second line should be a perfect rhyming couplet with one more syllable (x+1).  The third line takes on a new rhyme, and has one fewer syllable than the first one (x-1).  Line four rhymes with line 3, and has one fewer syllable (x, or [x-1]+1).  This continues until the poem is reduced to a couplet of one syllable followed by two.
Here’s an example:
FIRST KISS  (a ridotto)
The way the soft light broke          —-> (6)
Through the branches of the oak       —-> (7)
Gave the day a glow                   —-> (5)
That you and I would know             —-> (6)
Brought to an end                     —-> (4)
Our time to pretend                   —-> (5)
And we shared                         —-> (3)
Though we were scared                 —-> (4)
Desire                                —-> (2)
Like a fire                           —-> (3)
Rife                                  —-> (1)
With life                             —-> (2)
© Thomas Horton, All Rights Reserved.
You may start with any number of syllables you like; as such, the poem may be of any length, as long was the second line of each rhyming couplet has one more syllable than the first line, and the first line of each subsequent couplet has one fewer syllable than the first line of the previous couplet.
Near rhymes don’t count; all end-rhymes should be full/strong/masculine.
I have re-phrased the instructions thus:
1. Pen a line with any number of syllables.
2. For the next line, add one syllable and rhyme with the preceding line.
3. Subtract two syllables and choose a new rhyme word.
    Repeat instructions 2 thru 3 until instruction 3 would create a zero syllable line.
Rhyme pattern  aabbccddee..etc
No metric requirement.
Example poem

Sapience (Ridotto)
To students I’ve become a bore!
Sapience has chilled me to my core.*
Their indifference dismays.
They only seek their peers’ okays.
A poem’s nothing neat
compared to sexting or tweet.
What set me aglow
they’ll never learn or know.
They are not taught
to pursue true thought
A drone’s job
will suit the mob.
Oh well
What the hell?
So
I know?

*Note: this line lifted in toto from
http://allpoetry.com/poem/10632131-Thanatopsis_for_Dummies-by-Thomas_Horton

Visual template (for beginning with an even number of syllables)