Search Results for: tritina


The pattern of word-repetition is as follows, where the words that end
the lines of the first tercet are represented by the numbers “1 2 3”:
  1 2 3          – End words of lines in first tercet.
  3 1 2          – End words of lines in second tercet.
  2 3 1          – End words of lines in third tercet.
  (1 2 3)        – Words contained in the final line.
Your Composition.
The repetition of words in a Tritina makes this form a good match for
a story that uses common speech, for in conversation the repetition
of key words is common. The Tritina is a more “natural” form than the
Villanelle (which is comparatively artificial in repeating whole lines)
and the Sestina (which is significantly more challenging because it is
longer (39 lines) and reuses six words
in six six-line stanzas and a closing tercet).
Example Poem
I have  always liked dogs.
Almost all dogs I like.
And almost all like me.
Their faithfulness moves me.
I prefer smaller dogs
‘Cus big poop, I  don’t like.
Of course I  still do like
gals who are nice to me.
as long as they like dogs.
I like dogs;  dogs like me.
Visual Template

Poetry Forms Index

Last updated on August 20, 2017
To jump to the specifications, poem example and template, click on form name.
Please comment if you find any errors or omissions that need correction, especially attributions to others.

Eventually All links to forms originated by poet who are or wbere on will look like This.



15-10 Alternating A poem where 15 syllable stanzas which begin with an anapest foot and having couplet rhyme alternates with 10 syllable iambic stanzas with cross rhyme.   Rhyme Pattern: aabb cdcd
5/3 Meter Alternating lines of 5 and 3 syllables, where the odd lines consist of  an IAMB and an ANAPEST  and the even lines consist of a DACTYL 
7/3 Trochee Meter:  Trochaic
Syllabic: 7/5/7/5
Rhyme Scheme: a/b/c/b  or  a/b/a/b
A L’Arora A poem with no required meter or line length, requiring one rhyme between the   sestet and couplet in each 8 line stanza.
a la Bartholomew Griffin Light verse in 14 lines or less.
Metered or not at the discretion of the poet
written repeating the same end word throughout the poem.
Abhanga A form from India.  Any number of quatrains.
Syllabic 6/6/6/4  Rhymed: xaax
Abbreviated Haiku Written in either 2 lines with syllable count 7/2 or 3 lines with syllable count 3/5/3 or 2/3/2. This is sometimes called Miku.
Acrostic A form not requiring rhyme, but requiring letters or words to form word(s) or messages when read from consecutive lines.
Acrostic Decima Two vertical five letter words provide the starting letters for each line.
Syllable Count: 8 syllables per line.
Rhyme Scheme: a-a-b-a-b a-a-b-b-a.
Adonics Poetry Form An Adonic is a two foot line: Xxx XX or maybe Xxx Xx. It depends on the expert one consults. It is more often found as a tagline on the end of a stanza than as separate stanzas.
Alcmanic Verse A metric line of dactylic tetrameter.
It was named for the ancient Greek poet Alcman.
Alliterisen The Alliterisen (Complex and Rhyming), a form created by UditBhatia, is a simple seven-lined poem with a specific syllable pattern and two alliterations per line.
Alouette Two or more stanzas of 6 lines each, with the following set rules:
Syllables: 5, 5, 7, 5, 5, 7
Rhyme Scheme: aabccb
Alphabet Haiku Modern haiku form created by Beatrice Evans, aka Ronnica at Allpoetry
It requires only strict 5 7 5 syllable construction
with all words beginning with the same letter.
Alphacouplets A stanza of any length, consisting entirely of rhymed couplets.
The final word of the first line of each couplet must be a noun
Three alliterative words must precede that noun.
The next line must rhyme with the first.
There are NO metric or line-length requirements, nor prohibitions.
Amanda’s Pinch Syllabic form: 12/12/10/8/8/10/12/12
Rhyme Scheme: abcDDcba, (with line 5 a refrain of line 4)
Alliteration is required in every line.
Amaranth 9 line strophe. It is a stand-alone poem.
metric, the 9 most common metric feet are used in sequence.
American 767 poetry from  A poem of 3 lines
Syllabic: 7/6/7
Meter or Rhyme not required
Formulaic: Must mention some type of bug.
American Sentence poetry form An American haiku variation invented by Allen Ginsberg.
17 syllables written in a sentence. Any topic.
In a series if more than single line.
Amphibrach Trimeter The amphibrach is a trisyllabic metrical foot, which in accentual meter consists of an accented syllable between two unaccented syllables
Amphion A 10 line poem, metered,
tetrameter lines alternate with sets of rhymed dimeter couplets.
Rhyme scheme  abbaccdeed.
Analogue A 9 line poem
metered iambic pentameter
rhyme scheme abbaabbcc.
Anaduo Any number of sestets
Syllalbic 11/11/8/11/11/8
Meter: All lines are acephalous anapestic

Rhyme Scheme:  aabccb
Anapeat The poem consists of five stanzas of five lines each.
The repeated phrase/line is the first line of the first stanza, the second line of the second stanzas, etc.
Anapestic tetrameter  Simply four  feet of anapest.
da da DUM  da da DUM da da DUM da da DUM
Andaree It is syllabic, with lines of 11/9/7/5/3/1/3/5/7/9/11
Rhyme Scheme: AabbcbcbbaA
It requires a Refrain: Line 1 is repeated as Line 11.
Aquarian Unrhymed.  Invented by A. Maris Mazz
Each stanza  has lines of 2-4-6-2 syllables
Any number of stanzas permitted.
Arkquain Syllablic: 1/2/3/4 5/7/7/5 4/3/2/1
The two 7-syllable lines, must use end rhyme.
Arkquain String Syllabic:  with a break between stanzas.
1-2-3-4 5-7-7-5 4-3-2-1
1-2-3-4 5-7-7-5 4-3-2-1
1-2-3-4 5-7-7-5 4-3-2-1
Arkquain Swirl Basically 1234~5775~4321234~5775~4321234~5775~4321
*7 syllable lines end rhyme 
Argonelles Any number of 5-line stanzas (quintains).
The syllable count is 2-6-8-8-6
Rhyme scheme: a-b-c-c-b.
Atarlis Fileata Stanzaic, written in any number of septets
measured by number of words with 2-3-4-5-4-3-2 words per line.
rhymed, A B a x a B A.
Composed with a refrain, L1 is repeated as L7 and L2 is repeated as L6,
Atom Stnzaic: tercets.
Count letters: 5-7-5.
This poem linked tercets under title.
No punctuation or capitalization like haiku.
Atrina A complex refrain from of four verses.
Awdl Gywydd Pronounced ‘owdl gow-widd’.
Seven syllable quatrains with end rhymes and couplet binding.
Welsh origin.
Awdl – Hir a Thmooddaid The Hir a Thoddaid is the most common Awdl from.
Isosyllabic  – 10 syllables
Rhymed: aaaa(ab)(ba)
Awit Dodecasyllabic, mono-rhymed quatrain.  Filipino form.

Stanzaic, written in 3 quatrains.
Syllabic, L1,L2,L3 are 8 syllables and L4 is 4 syllables.
rhymed, with a complicated rhyme scheme AaxB bxAB xxxB x being unrhymed.
Badger’s Hexastitch A poem in 6 lines.
syllabic, 2-4-6-6-4-2.
unrhymed, optional rising and falling end-words.
Bagarthach Funny or clever but mean spirited quatrain.
Syllabic 8-9-8-9 syllables per line, sometimes all lines are 8 syllables.
Rhymed abab.
Balada Stanzaic: 3 stanzas (or more), each at least 5 lines
Rhyme scheme AbAbA bAbaA bAbaA
No required meter.
Balassi Stanza The Rhyme Scheme is: bbaccadda
Syllable count is: 667667667
Any number of stanzas.
Ballad  A short narrative poem with stanzas of two or four lines and usually a refrain. The story of a ballad can originate from a wide range of subject matter but most frequently deals with folk-lore or popular legends.
Ballade The ballade typically consists of three stanzas of 8 lines each, with a concluding 4-line envoi often addressed to a prince.
Ballade Stanza Also called Monk’s Tale Stanza.
An 8 syllable octave rhyming: ababbcbc
Ballade Supreme 3 – 10 line stanzas, 10 syllables per line, 5 line envoy, Refrain
ababbccdcD ababbccdcD ababbccdcD ccdcD
Ballata, Balete, or Dansa Ballata, Balete, or Dansa
Stanzaic: Quintain and 2 quatrains.
Meter not required.
Rhyme scheme AbbaA bbaA bbaA
Balance See The Balance
Barbee It is twelve lines long It is syllabic 10/10/10/6/6/10/10/6/6/10/10/10
A form the rhymes on the end syllable and  has normal end rhyme, both with separate rhyme patterns.
Bar Form Stanzaic, any number of octaves made up of 2 couplets followed by a quatrain.
Metered, at the discretion of the poet
Rhymed, ababccdd
Barzelletta See link for 2 different forms.
Beacon of Hope 21 line Stanzaic Syllabic poem
Meter and rhyme optional
Themed: Spiritaul and uplifting
Behrquain A shaped form invented by Madison Shaw, syllable count
form should be centered with care given to appearance.
Bema’s Best Stanzaic: 3 quatrains plus a couplet
Word based: 3/5/3/5 3/3/5/5/ 5/3/5/3 [3/5 or 5/3]
Benison A blessing in any verse form at poet’s discretion.
Bibliographic Profile Acrostic The composition in this form must paint a profile on the Tributee, and use title (s) of   the tributee’s literary production within the stanzas or stanza.
Bina A fun easy 5 line sestina type poem, by Bob Newman
Black Narcissus Tercet Rima As it turns out this is NOT a new form, indicated be the comment below: but the poet thought it was, and I am not knowledgeable enough to recognize historic precedents all of the time.
Blason A genre of poetry committed to the praise or blame of something through the use of a series of images that support the theme
Blind Rhyme or Hidden Rhyme Composed with the end-word of each line rhymed internally in the following line.
Often but not always, written with the first line rhyming with the last line.
Blitz Poem Stanzaic, unmetered, unrhymed, 25 couplets for a poem of 50 lines.
Rapid fire, short lines.
Blood Quill Stanzaic: Two Sestets
Syllabic: 6/6/9/6/6/9
Rhymed: abcabc defdef
Blues Stanza • stanzaic, written in any number of triplets.
• accentual verse with 4 to 6 stresses a line, or whatever. The syllable count is 12 or close enough. You can see, there is lots of room to wiggle here. The meter changes to iambic pentameter when the stanza is used in the Blues Sonnet.
• structured. L1 makes a statement, L2 repeats L1 with minor variation, often a beat or two short, and L3 responds, with a “climatic parallel” to the first 2 lines. (a culminating contrast or extension of the statement) In effect you are writing a rhyming couplet posing as a triplet.
• rhymed, rhyme scheme aaa, bbb, ccc, ddd.
Bragi  stanzaic, written in 2 sixains.
syllabic, 6-8-10-10-8-6 10-8-6-6-8-10 syllables per line.
rhyme scheme abccba cbaabc.
Brazilian Haiku Rhyming haiku
x x x x A
x B x x x x B
x x x x A
Bref Double  A fourteen-line French form. Like many French forms, the rules are a bit complex. It is composed of three quatrains and a couplet, all isosyllabic. It has three rhymes: a, b, and c. It has five lines that are not part of the rhyme scheme
Brevee Terse syllabic poem, 2/2/4/2/2/4

Any number of stanzas

Rhyme Pattern: aabccb ddeffe

Brevette 2 Word Poem. subject (noun), verb, and object (noun), in this exact order. The verb should show an ongoing action. This is done by spacing out the letters in the verb. There are only three words in the poem.
Brhati Stanzaic, 36 syllables written in any number of 4 line stanzas.
Syllabic, 9 syllables each.
Metric, the metric pattern of the line requires 2 heavy syllables.
Bryant Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains
metered, L1,L4 trimeter and L2,L3 are pentameter. Short lines are indented.
rhymed, alternating rhymed quatrains, abab cdcd etc
a pastoral metaphor
Bush Ballad Meter Informal name created by Mary Boren Sullivan, aka Meter Maid on
Am adding it so others can have a go at a delightful metric experience.
Butterfly Cinquain An  unrhymed 9 line poem.
syllabic, 2-4-6-8-2-8-6-4-2 syllables per line.
Butterfly Quintet A quintet with separate stanzas having different line lengths, call penned in iambic meter.
Byr a Thoddaid Byr a Thoddaid (beer ah TOE-thy’d), one of the 24 traditional Welsh
stanza forms, consists of four lines of syllable count 10-6-8-8
(or 8-8-10-6)
Caccia  Syllabic
Composed favoring onomatopoeia, incomplete phrases and the exclamatory statement.
Lyrics framed by stanza and rhyme at the discretion of the poet.
Cadae The form of a cadae is based on Pi on two levels.
The fourteen lines represent Pi to 12 decimal places (3.1415926535897)
and each line has the corresponding Pi number of syllables.
Canción Isostrophic, written in any number of lines in a stanza or strophe
Syllabic, Italianate lines, mixed lines of 7 and 11 syllables make up a stanza or strophe. L6 and L13 are ALWAYS 11 syllables.
Cadence  syllabic, the Cadence written with 1-2-3-4-4-8-5 syllables per line.
unrhymed, but end words should be strong, no articles or prepositions.
Cantar A 4 line strophe written as a stand alone poem or combined with other forms such as the Seguidilla or Flamenca.
Octosyllabic, all lines written in 8 syllables.
Rhymed, L2 and L4 rhyme with assonance, sometimes true rhyme but generally not.
Candlelight A poem in 17 lines.
Syllabic, 5-5-5-4-4-3-2-2-2-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-7 syllables per line,
Centered on the page.
Rhymed aabbccxxxxxxxxxxxx x being unrhymed.
Canzonetta At least 2 octaves, made up of 2 quatrains of alternating rhyme.
written with no fixed meter or line length.
composed with a refrain, repeated in L8 of each octave.
rhymed, ababcdcD, efefgdgD.
Cascade No set meter, rhyme scheme, or stanza length, but the poem must have one more stanza than there are lines in stanza one.  Refrain.
Catalectic Verse A catalectic line is a metrically incomplete line of verse, lacking a syllable at the end or ending with an incomplete foot. One form of catalexis is headlessness, where the unstressed syllable is dropped from the beginning of the line.
Catena Rondo Stanzaic, written in any number of 3 or more quatrains  made up of 2 rhymed   lines enveloping a rhymed couplet.
Meter at the discretion of the poet
rhyme scheme ABbA BCcb CDdc DEed etc… 
Caudate or Tail Rhymed Stanza Stanzaic: Often sixains
Metered: Often iambic or trochaic tetrameter with
one or two line dimeter.
Rhymed: the most common schemes are aabaab or aabccb
Cento From the Latin word for “patchwork,” the cento (or collage poem) is a poetic form made up of lines from poems by other poets.
Cethramtu Rannaigheacht Mor Written in any number of quatrains,
syllabic, each line has 3 syllables.
rhymed xaxa xbxb etc, x being unrhymed.
Chain of Abolition Syllable Count: 4/5/6/7 3/4/5/6/7 2/3/4/5/6/7 1/2/3/4/5/6/7
Rhyme Scheme:  abcd eabcd feabcd gfeabcd
Chain Verse – Reference Chain Verse is a poetic technique rather than a stanzaic form.
Chandlerian A poem in 22 lines, written in 3 quatrains, an octave and a couplet in that order.
Chanso Stanzaic, usually 5 or 6 nonce stanzas of identical pattern.
expected to be original in form. The metric length of the line, the number of lines in a stanza, the rhyme scheme was expected to be original.
Chante Fable – Reference Reference only.
Chant Royal A French poetic form and variation of the ballad form, it consists of five (or three) 11-line stanzas
Chatushka A Russian Quatrain form. The name derives from the Russian meaning ”to speak fast”. Covering subject that range across the whole human experience and written in a manner that is usually satirical, ironic or humorous this is the Russian equivalent to the Limerick
Chaucerian Roundel a decastich, made up of 2 tercets followed by a quatrain.
written in no particular line length or meter although the form is often written in lines of equal length. Iambic tetrameter or pentameter lines are common.
rhymed Abb abA abbA , the A is a refrain.
Cheyenelle This syllabic form was invented by Silent_Cougar
 and it’s structure honors native American Heritage.

Thailand Poetry – Reference

Ch’i Yen Shih  Syllabic, 5 to 7 syllable lines.rhymed, rhyme scheme either xaxa xaxa etc or xaxa xbxb etc.
Chinese Poetry – Reference Reference only.
Choka A series of Katuata joined together. This gives a choice of form structures of ….. 5 – 7 – 7 – 5 – 7 – 7.. etc, or .. 5 – 7 – 5 – 5 – 7 – 5, or an alternative version of alternating 5 and 7 syllable lines.
Choriambic dactylic fusion Stanzaic: any number of quatrains
Metric: each stanza L1 & L3 Choriambic dimeter,
L2 catelectic dactylic tetrameter,
L4 catelectic dactylic trimeter
Rhyme pattern:(a/a)x(b/b)x
Choriambics Schematic: Xx Xx xX Xx xX Xx xX xX
Rhythm/Stanza Length: 2
Line/Poem Length: 16
Couplet rhyme.
Cinq Trois DecalLa Rhyme  A poem consisting of 10 lines with15 syllables per line
Rhyme scheme of  aabbcccabc
Cinq-Cinquain A poem of five cinquains.
Cinquain The cinquain, also known as a quintain or quintet, is a poem or stanza composed of five lines.
Cinquain Chain A series of Crapsey cinquains where line 5 of one,
is line 1 of the next.
Cinquo a poem in 5 lines.
syllabic, 2-8-6-4-2 syllables per line.
Cinquetin A hexastich, a poem in 6 lines.
syllabic, lines of 8-6-10-6-8-2 syllables each.
rhyme scheme axbaxb, x being unrhymed.
Clarity Pyramid Syllabic verse.  Two tercets plus a final line.
Classical Hendecasyllable A trochee, a dactyl, then three trochees.
The first and last trochess may be spondees.
Clerihew A whimsical, four-line biographical poem invented by Edmund Clerihew Bently,  at age 16.
Clogynach Welsh form with three versions.
Quintet Version: Syllabic 8/8/4/4/6, Rhymed aabba
Compound Word Verse Five 3-line stanzas, for a total of 15 lines.
The last line of each stanza ends in a compound word and root of that word is   in the title.
Compression A syllabic sestet with syllables 4/5/6/6/5/4
Rhyme pattern axaxxa
Concrete poetry – Shaped Poetry Simply a poem that the presented in the shape of an object.  Most often the titles.
Constanza Five or more 3-line stanzas, each line has eight syllables.
The first lines of all the stanzas can be read successively as an independent poem,
Copla Real A decastich made up of 2 Quintillas (Spanish 8 syllable line quintains turned on only 2 rhymes of any combination other than never ending with a rhymed couplet.)
syllabic, all lines are 8 syllables.
Rhymed, the rhyme scheme established in the first quintain is repeated in the 2nd quintilla
Coraline A poem consists of exactly two  stanzas, each being an octave.
The rhyme scheme is: abbaccab
Coronach Commonly written in any number of quatrains, each line 7 syllables (give or take a syllable).
rhymed, rhyme scheme is either xaxa xbxb etc or abab cdcd etc
Cortes Nonet First stanza: 5-7-9-11-13-15-17
Second stanza: 17-15-13-11-9-7-5
The last word of each line is the first word of the next line.
Couplet: Closed, Complete, Heroic Reference.
Crapsey Cinquain On the Cinquain page.
Cro Cumaisc Etir Casbairdni Lethrannaigecht  4-line stanzas rhyming abab, with syllable counts of 7, 5, 7, 5.
Being Irish, the lengths of the rhyming words are also specified,
in this case as 3, 1, 3, 1. The 3’s indicate the rhyming words MUST be three syllables long.
Cromorna Stanzaic, written in 3 quatrains.
Syllabic, with 5-3-5-3 5-3-5-3 5-3-5-3 syllables per line.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme abab cbcb dbdb.
Crystalline An English Haiku analog.  Two lines of 17 syllables, 8/9 or 9/8
Cuaderna Via stanzaic, written in any # of mono-rhymed quatrains.
syllabic, 14 syllable lines divided into hemistiches of 7 syllables each, often broken by caesura.
mono-rhymed: Rhyme scheme aaaa, bbbb etc
Cuarteto stanzaic, a poem made up of any number of quatrains.
syllabic, hendecasyllabic (11 syllable) lines.
rhymed, either abab or abba rhyme scheme
Cueca Chilena Stanzaic, consisting of any number of 8 line stanzas.
Syllabic: 9/7/9/7/8/9/9/9
Rhymed: Rhyme pattern: abcBBded
Refrained: The 4th line, which should be end stopped is repeated in line 5.
Formulaic: The word, “yes” is inserted as the first word in line 5.
Curtal Long Hymnal Stanza A stanzaic form composed of three lines of iambic tetrameter and one of iambic dimeter rhymed abab.
The only difference from the Curtail Quatrain is the rhyme scheme.
Curtal Quatrain stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
metered, primarily iambic. L1, L2, L3 are pentameter and L4 is dimeter.
Rhymed. Rhyme scheme xaxa
Cyclone A cyclone is a poem that wraps around to form a loop it is made of 10 stanzas where the last 3 say what the first 3 said.
Cyclus a 12 line poem.
syllabic, syllables per line 2-4-6-6-4-2-2-4-6-6-4-2
unrhymed, displayed centered
Cyhdedd hir Written in any number of single lines made up of 19 syllables divided into 3 rhymed 5 syllable phrases and ending in a 4 syllable phrase carrying a linking rhyme to the next line.
Cyhydedd fer Any number of rhymed couplets.
Octosyllabic -made up of 8 syllable lines.
rhymed aa bb cc dd etc.
Cyhydedd Naw Ban Cyhydedd Naw Banh
Any number of rhymed couplets.
made up of 9 syllable lines.
rhymed, aa etc.
Cyrch Gymeriad Earliest strata of British Celtic poetry
Cywydd deuair fyrion Four syllable lines in rhymed couplets.
It can be true or half-rhyme.
Cywydd deuair hirion Stanzaic, written in any number of couplets.
made up of 7 syllable lines,
wrenched rhyme
Cywydd llosgyrnog Stanzaic, written in any number of sixains.
Syllabic, the sixain is made up of 8-8-7-8-8-7 syllable lines.
Rhymed, L1 and L2 end-rhyme is echoed somewhere in the middle of L3 (3rd, 4th, or 5th syllables). L4 and L5 end-rhyme is echoed somewhere in the middle of L6. L3 and L6 end rhyme.
Dahquain A minimum of Iambic Tetrameter Quatrains
axAA bxBB cxCC dxDD, etc.
Ends with a separate rhyming couplet.
Daisy Chain The last word in the line becomes the first word of the next line. To end the poem, the last word is the same as the first word
Dandizette syllables first two stanzas  is 8, 6, 8, 8, 6, 8.
Syllables for last stanza 6, 6, 6, 6, 8, 8 .
The rhyme scheme is ababcb cbcdcd bcbcee.
Dansa  Poem begins with quintain and is followed by any number of quatrains.
The first line of the poem is the last line of every verse.
They are isosyllabic, all having six syllalbles
Rhyme pattern: aabb
Dazyure Four, 5 line stanzas each with syllable count of 5/7/9/7/5
Rhyme Scheme: ababc  dcdee  ababc  dcdee
Decquain Decastich written in iambic pentameter.  By Shelly A. Cephas.
There are 3 set choices of rhyme scheme:
ababbcbcaa, ababbcbcbb, or ababbcbccc
Decrina A decasticth version of the sestina by Bob Newman
Dectina Refrain Syllabic:1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10
Your 10th line is comprised of your first four lines all together as one stand-alone line in quotation marks.
Deibhidhe Guilbnech Dialtach Written in any number of quatrains,
each line has 7 syllables.
rhymed, aabb.
alliterated, alliteration between two words in each line,
all end-words should consonate.
Deibhidhe Each stanza has 4 lines of 7 syllables each, rhyming aabb, and both of these rhymes are deibide rhymes i.e. in the first line of each rhyming pair, the rhyming syllable is stressed, and in the second it is unstressed.
Deibide Baise Fri Toin  The syllable count is 3, 7, 7, 1 and it rhymes aabb. It is essential to the form that the a rhymes have two syllables, and the b rhymes have one syllable.
Dekaaz Dekaaz has ten syllables in three lines:
2 syllables in the first line, 3 syllables in the second, 5 syllable
Denturn A rhymed poem with two iambic tetrameter stanzas, and two trochaic tetrameter stanzas, separated by a one, two or three syllable turn.
Descort A genre of poetry that is written with differing verse forms utilized from strophe to strophe. Each strophe is structured in a minimum of 2 elements, the verse forms chosen can be recognized verse or nonce forms. Elements such as line number, meter, rhyme, and language are all factors.
Diabolo A poem of two 6-line stanza, each with four lines of iambic tetrameter and two lines of iambic dimeter, with two rhymes per line.
Diamante A Diamante is a seven-lined contrast poem set up in a diamond shape.
Diatelle Syllabic: 1/2/3/4/6/8/10/12/10/8/6/4/3/2/1
Rhyme Pattern abbcbccaccbcbba.
Dibi Stanzaic, consisting of two or more octains.
Metered, consisting of alternating lines of iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter.
Rhymed: abcbabcb.
Didactic Cinquain Noun, Adjective, Description,Feeling, Synonym
Diminishing Hexaverse A six stanza poem where the first stanza has six line of six syllable, the next has five lines of 5 syllables, etc..
Dinggedicht or Object Poem A things poem. This is a genre of poetry in which communication of mood or thought is made through acute observation of things and symbolic concentration
Dipodic Quatrain Dipodic Quatrain
Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Podic, written with 2 heavy stresses per line with no regard to the number of unstressed syllables.
Rhyme scheme either abab cdcd etc. or aabb ccdd etc.
Distorted Diablo Stanzaic, a sixain, a 9 line stanza, a sixain, in that order.
Syllabic, both sixains are written with 6 syllables per line and the 9 line stanza is written with 9 syllables per line.
Rhymed at the discretion of the poet.
Dithyramb Dithyramb is a genre of “frenzied” lyric in praise of wine and revelry.
Dixdeux A syllabic three line poem.  10/10/2, Unrhymed
Dizain An 8 or 10 line single stanza poem, isosyllabic,
Rhyming ababcdcd or ababbccdcd
Dodoitsu  It has 26 syllables: 7 in the first, second and third lines, and 5 in the last   line. (7-7-7-5).
Doha A Hindu stanzaic, written in any number of couplets.
Syllabic, each line is made up of 24 syllables and is paused by caesura at the end of the 13th syllable, making the line two phrases of 13 and 11 syllables. The couplet can be arranged as a quatrain breaking the line at the caesura.
Commonly used for proverbs and/or for longer narratives or didactic poetry.
Domino Rhyme  A fun form by Bob Newman using remote rhyme.  No rhyme within individual stanas, but in following stanzas.
Dorsimbra  A 12-line poem: a quatrain of iambic pentameter rhyming abab
(2) a quatrain of “short and snappy” free verse, and
(3) a quatrain of blank verse (unrhymed iambic pentameter).
The final (12th) line is the same as the first line.
Double  Ballade A ballade on steroids, this form has six octaves and may have a quatrain envoy.
Double Ballad Stanza An octastich made up of 2 quatrains.
Metric, accentual, (The ballad utilizes an accentual line and the stress is what counts not the meter, alternating 4 stress, 3 stress.)
Rhyme scheme of xa(b-b)axcxc (x being unrhymed) with an internal rhyme in the 3rd and expletive line
Double Ballade Supreme Six decastitch  verses of ababbccdcD where the rhymes are consistent throughout and a possible envoy of ccdcD with D being a repeated refrain.
Double Refrain Kyrielle Stanzaic, any number of quatrains
Syllabic, each line is 8 syllables. In English it is often written in iambic tetrameter.
Written with 2 refrains.
Rhymed, aB1aB2 cB1cB2 dB1dB2 etc., B1 and B2 are rhymed refrains.
Double Dactyl The first line of the first stanza is repetitive nonsense. The second line of the first stanza is the subject of the poem,  8 Lines.
Double Five Two quintet stanzas.   (A somewhat useless entry)
Double Glose Begins with texte or cabeza
Stanzaic: consisting of as many stanzas, as there are lines in your texte,
each having a line length of the poets choosing
Metered: With a consistent meter of the poet’s choosing
Rhymed or not with a pattern of the poet’s choosing
Formulaic: Each line of the texte shall be both the first and list lines of succeeding stanzas.
Double Refrain Ballade This is identical to the Ballade, except that both Lines 4 and 8 from the first stanza become refrains in succeeding stanzas.
Rhyme pattern: abaBbcbC  bBcC
Double Refrain Ballade Supreme A 35 line isosyllabic form divided into three ten line verses and a five-line envoi. Each line is usually eight or ten syllables long.
Rhyming Scheme:  ababbCcdcD
Double Rondeau  Double Rondeau is simply doubling the pattern of the Rondeau. It can either be doubled in sequence (1 Rondeau following another Rondeau) or the like stanzas could be doubled and paired.
Double Seven Each quatrain will have its own abab rhyme pattern,
Where the a-rhymes will always be feminine.
It is isosyllabic, each line being seven syllables.
Double Swap Octet Begin with any octet with any rhyme scheme and meter.
Break lines 1 and 4 into segments which can be broken in concert with that rhyme scheme.
Swap Line 1 to Line eight, after reversing those aforementioned sections
Swap Line 4 to Line seven in the same manner.
Double Swap Ottava Ottava Rima framework with refrain
Minimum length 8 Lines, no maximum
Meter: Iambic pentameter
Rhyme: ababaabcc
Doublet A distich with an integrated title which in effect creates a 3 line poem.
Syllabic, each line 10 syllables or less.
Rhymed, aa. The title is not rhymed
Dream Song Stanzaic: written in 3 sixains, 18 lines.
Metric, Accentual, usually L1,L2,L4,& L5 5 stresses and L3 & L6 have 3 stresses. As long as 4 lines are longer and L3 & L6 are shorter, the rhythm is jerky much like the content.
Rhymed, rhyme patterns vary from stanza to stanza however there are normally 3 rhymes per stanza. abcabc abccba, aabccb, abbacc are a few of the patterns.
Dreamscape There are two tercet stanzas.
The first two lines in each have rhyming beginning and ending words.
The third line needs no rhyme, and summarize the first two.
No line length or meter requirements.
Dribble The dribble is a brief poem consisting of exactly 100 letters
Droighneach A loose stanzaic form usually written with any number of octaves but it could be quatrains.
Syllabic with each line with 9 to 13 syllables.
Terminated, written with 3 syllable end words.
Rhymed, with alternating end rhyme abab cdcd etc.
Composed with cross rhyme. There are at least two cross-rhymes in each couplet and alliteration in each line; usually the final word of the line alliterates with the preceding stressed word, this is always true of the last line.
Written with the defining features of most Celtic poems, cywddydd (harmony of sound) and dunadh (beginning and ending the poem with the same word, phrase or line.)
Drottkvaet Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Accentual, lines of 12 syllables each, broken into two halves of 6 syllables each. Each half line has 3 stressed and 3 unstressed syllables, the last two syllable of the half line must be a trochee.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme aBaB a being near rhymed by assonance, B being true rhyme.
Linked as couplets by assonance.
Odd lines should have double alliteration.
Dr Stella An octave made up of 2 quatrains.
Metered, alternating iambic tetrameter and trimeter.
Rhymed, abcdabcd.  L2 and L6 have feminine end words.
Dryden’s Roundelay Meter: Xx Xx Xx Xx (Trochaic tetrameter)
Rhythm/Stanza Length: 6
Line/Poem Length: 24
Rhyme Scheme: abA1B1A2B2
Duodora  Syllabic, 4-6-5-5-5-10-10 / 4-6-5-5-5-10-10
rhymed Axxxxxb Axxxxxb , where A is a refrain.
Duo-Rhyme The Duo-rhyme, a poetic form created by Mary L. Ports, is a 10 or 12-line poem, with the first two and last two lines having the same rhyme scheme, and the center of the poem (lines #3 through #8 or #10) having their own separate mono-rhyme scheme.
Duotrain It has no metric requirement but each stanza alternates between 8 and six   syllable lines.  Each Stanza is required to begin with the same character of  the alphabet.
Rhyme Scheme:  xaxa xbxb xcxc xdxd
Echo Verse – Reference Reference
Edda Measures – Reference Reference
Egg Timer A decastich (10 line poem)
Syllabic 5/4/3/2/1/1/2/3/4/5
Formulaic: The last five lines are the mirror image of the first five line.
Centered or not, at poets discretion.
Eight-ette Eight-ette: 8 lines.
Syllable Count: 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8
Rhyme Scheme: a-b-a-b-c-d-c-d or  a-a-b-b-c-c-d-d.
Display Centered
Eintou The Eintou is an African American poetry form consisting seven lines with a total of 32 syllables or words.
Structure: 2/4/6/8/4/2 (Words or Syllables)
Emmett  1.The first line of the Emmett is five WORDS long. Each word of the first line becomes the first word of the following lines. So the second word in line one becomes the first word of line two, the third word becomes the first word of line three, etc.
2. To make things a little more complex the Emmett has a
Rhyme scheme of a,b,b,a,b.
Empat Empat Staircase refrain of line 1
Meter:  8 or 10 syllable per line – though I have see it with but 4
Rhyme Scheme   Abab cAca adAd eaeA
Endecha Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Syllabic, written with 7-7-7-11 syllables per line.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme xaxa xbxb etc., x being unrhymed.
English Ballet (bal-lett) Metered when quatrains, L1-L3 tetrameter, L4 dimeter.
Rhymee Pattern: aaaB cccB dddB, etc.
Metered when quintains, L1, L2, and L5 dimeter, L3 & L4 tetrameter.
Rhyme Pattern: AbbbA AcccA AdddA, etc.
English Quintet Stanzaic, written in any number of quintets
metered, most commonly iambic pentameter, although meter is optional.
This is a popular form of Quintain having no set measure or foot
rhyme scheme ababb, cdcdd etc.
Englyn byr cwca Stanzaic, written in any number of tercets.
Syllabic, 7-10-6 syllable lines.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme aba, cdc, etc. The L2 end rhyme appears internally midway in L3.
Englyn cyrch stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains made up of 2 Cywydd couplets,
the Cywydd deuair hirion[1] and Awdl gywydd [2].
syllablic, 7 syllable lines.
rhymed, AaBA with the end syllable of L3 rhymed somewhere in the first half of L4.
Englyn lleddfbroest Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Syllabic, 7 syllable lines.
Rhymed, all of the lines half rhymes but the four half-rhymes must be the diphthongs ae, oe, wy, and ei in whatever order.
Englyn Milwr The traditional Welsh form Englyn Milwr (soldier’s englyn):  three 7-syllable lines rimed on the last syllable.
Englyn penfyr Stanzaic, written in any number of tercets.
Syllabic, a 10 syllable line followed by two 7 syllable lines.
Rhymed, mono rhymed, the main rhyme (the dominant rhyme of the stanza) of L1 found in the last half of the line followed by caesura end rhymes with L2 and L3.
englyn proest dalgron Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Syllabic, made up of 7 syllable lines.
Rhymed, all of the lines half rhyme.
Englyn proest gadwynog Stanzaic, written in a chain of quatrains.
Syllabic, 7 syllable lines.
Rhymed, each line half rhymes with the next line and fully rhymes with the next. L1 and L3 fully rhyme with each other, L2 and L4 half rhyme with the rhyme of L1 and L3 and should fully rhyme with each other. The full rhymes of L1 and L3 half rhyme with the full rhyme of L1 and L3.
Chained, the last word of the stanza begins the next stanza.
Englyn unodl crwca Englyn unodl crwc is:
Stanzaic, written as any number of quatrains,
Syllabic, 7-7-10-6 syllable per line.
Rhymed, mono rhymed. In L3 the main rhyme is found in the last half of the line followed by caesura and gair cyrch.
Englyn unodle union A most difficult Welsh form.
Ethnographic Haiku 7 stanzas. Syllable Count: 5-7-5
Relationship of particular subject or community with the environment.
Evoke at least 3 of the 5 senses ( touch, taste, smell, hearing, sight ).
Entwined The form consists of three or more trimeter quintets, usually in Iambic where the 3rd line of each stanza rhymes with the first line of the following stanza, until the final stanza which rhymes with the first line of the poem.
EP Johnson Quintet Syllalbic 8/9/9/9/8; Word Refrain A1bbbA2 A1cccA2…etc
Epulaeryu In essence, the poem is about delicious cuisine and drinks from the culinary arts.  It consists of seven lines with thirty-three (33) syllables.
Essence One or more hexasyllabic couplets with interlaced rhyme and end rhyme.
xbxcxa, where c rhyme is optional, and both b and c rhyme may occur at any syllable in the line (in proper order).
Etheree The first line is a monosyllabic word; the second line has two syllables, and so on, until the tenth line with, ultimately, ten syllables.
Fable A fable is a poetic story composed in verse or prose with a moral summed up at the end. Usually using animals as characters to teach a valuable lesson.
Faceted Diamond Faceted Diamond is a verse form that is probably as complicated to read as to write.
Fantasy A three stanza, structured, syllabic poem of 20 lines
Rhymed: abccaba deffed gghhiii
Fatras A poem in 11 lines
composed in a way that the 1st and last lines form a distich, a poem in 2 lines, that holds the entire theme of the larger poem. This is known as the fatras simple.
Unmetered. Unrhymed.
Written with clever wordplay and disconnected nonsense which set the tone.
Feghoot A poem with a humorous pun as the conclusion.
Fibonacci Spiral A form based on the first 7 numbers of the fibonacci sequence 1,1,2,3,5,8,13.
Fifteener I find references to the fifteener as being a very old poetic form, but with no specifications as to meter or rhyme.  Jeff’s form requires lyrical meter and couplet rhyme.
First and Last 15 lines, 8 syllables per line
Stanza 1: Aaabb
Stanza 2: cccbb
Stanza 3: dddaA
Florette Two forms, a quatrain or a quintet, both iambic tetrameter for all lines buts the last, which is iambic hexamter.
Rhymed: aaba (with interlaced rhyme) or aabba.
Flung Meter: Tetrameter or Pentameter
Presented as two or more Octaves
Rhyming pattern: ababcccc  ddeeffff
Fold Syllabic, No set meter, No set line-length, Rhymed, Refrain.  Haiku observations
For-Get-Me-Not A small poem, a complete couplet.
syllabic, 4 syllable lines.  rhymed.  titled.
Forlorn Suicide Syllabic verse where rhyme letter correspondes to syllable count.
Forward/Backward Poetry Simply poetry that reads as a coherent verse from top to bottom or when read from bottom to top.
Frost’s Fire and Ice Stanzaic: One or more 9 line stanzas.
Rhymed: abaabcbca
Metric: Lines 1 and 3 through 7 are Iambic tetrameter
and Lines 2,8, and 9 are iambic dimeter.
Galloping Denturn Two each dactylic tetrameter and anapestic tetrameter stanzas,
Garland Cinquain Syllabic, where the nth line of the nth stanza becomes the nth line of the 6th Stanza.
Gemstone poetry form It is a 32 line poem made up of four 8 line stanzas.
Each stanza consists of 5 iambic tetrameter lines, and 3 iambic trimeter lines
The Rhyme pattern for each stanza is ababccba (with independent rhyme)
Meter: Lines 2,4, and 7 are iambic trimeter, the rest are iambic tetrameter.
Ghazal Extensive end-line refrains.
Glosa, Glose, or Gloss A poem beginning with another poet’s single stanza, which become lines in your subsequent stanzas.
Golda A 12 line titled poem.
It is syllabic: 2/2/4/1/4/2/1/2/1/4/4/2
It is rhymed: xxxxxaxxxxxa
It may be centered or not.
Goliardic Verse Syllabic, 13 syllable lines, in hemistiches of 6 and 7 syllables. Sometimes L4 is only 12 syllables.
Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Mono-rhymed, lines end in feminine rhyme. Rhyme scheme aaaa bbbb.
Grá Reformata A Villanelle type poem with tercets alternating with rhymed or unrhymed couplets.
Gratitude  two or more 8 line stanzas, each with the
refrain rhyming scheme of  ababcCab
with ONLY the “c-rhyme” requiring the same sound each stanza.
There is NO metric or line length requirement, EXCEPT that
lines 5 and 6 are shorter than the others.
Gregory’s Refrain Syllable: 8/7/8/7/7/7/7/7
Rhyme: ababxcxc
Refrain: Lines  5 through 7, first four syllables
Grook The grooks are characterized by irony, paradox, brevity, precise use of language, sophisticated rhythms and rhymes and often satiric nature.
Guzzanelle 1. The form is created from 6 triplets and a quatrain.
2. Line one is repeated as lines 6, 12, 18, 21.
3. Line three is repeated as lines 9, 15, 22.
Gwadodyn Complex Welsh form with two primary versions.
Gzha Tibetan syllabic poem, written in 6 syllable lines, usually trochaic. The form ends with a spondee SS.
Written in 4 lines.
Unrhymed but parallelism is expected. The poem often employs internal consonance and assonance
Haibun haibun may record a scene, or a special moment, in a highly descriptive and objective manner or may occupy a wholly fictional or dream-like space
Haiga A Haiga is a Haiku accompanied by a picture.
Haikuette Tristitch with 17 or fewer syllable, no verbs, each line separate entity but contributing to whole.  Created by Louise Sipfle.
Haiku English-language Haiku may be shorter than seventeen syllables, though some poets prefer to keep to the 5-7-5 format.
Haiku Related form Links – Reference Ever growing list
Harrisham Rhyme This form consists of a six-line rhyming stanza.
In this form, the last letter of the first word of each line is the first letter of the first word of next line.
Rhyming scheme : ababab.
Haynaku Vividly short poetry, like haikus only very different… 1 word, 2 words, 3  words and visa Vera.
Creating imagery or conclusions with only six words in all..
Hex Sonnata Meter: Iambic Trimeter
Rhyme Scheme: a/bb/aa/b c/dd/cc/d ee 
Hexaduad An Old English poetic form that consists of
2, 2, 6, 6, 8, 8, 4, 4, 6, 6, 4, 4 syllable line lengths  – a total of 12 lines.
Huitain The true Huitain is a single verse, eight line poem with eight syllables per line. The rhyme scheme is: ababbcbc
Imaginaerium abcaba deed ff  
12 syllables per line
Written as follows: Sestet/ Quatrain/Couplet
Impressionist It is a nine stanza poem.  It is syllabic.
The first eight stanzas consist of both a four and five syllable line, in either order, followed by a “quip” of one or two words limited to three syllables.
Individualtean Syllabic, Rhymed  abcbac def abcbac def gg
Insane Cinquain Stanza  4/6/5/7/8
rhymed  a b c a b
Stanza 2  8/7/5/6/4
Rhymed  d e f d e
Interlocke Your title must be 8 syllables in length
3 sestets (6 lines)
1 ending line
19 lines in all
Intramirroral Every word in the first line should rhyme with the corresponding word in   line 2 – Except for one word; those words must have contrary meanings, but same syllable count.
Invented by Mark Andrew J Terry
Inverted Refrain A poem consisting of any number of sestets, each having 8 syllables, and rhyming abababor ababba, with the final couplet indented, and inverting the meaning of the first four lines.
Italian Sestet abcabc, iambic tetrameter
Jay’s Way Syllabic: 3-7-11-9-5-3-3-5-9-11-7-3
Rhyme Scheme: abbccddeeffa
Joseph’s Star Syllablic 1/3/5/7/7/5/3/1 Unrhymed, Centered
Joybell A hexastich, a poem in 6 lines.
syllabic,  1/2/3/3/4/4/1 syllables per line.
Jram 5 quatrain REFRAIN stanzas
10 syllables to each line
Rhyme scheme: aabb bbcc bbdd aadd aaff
Jue Ju Metered,  5 or 7 character or word lines.
(lines should be same length)
composed of 4 lines.   Often erotic.
Jumping Rhyme Mono-rhyme quintet with line length growing from 6 to ten syllables
Internal rhyme require for every line, starts with word two of line 1
then “jumps” up a word each line until the last,
where it jumps back one word.
Katuata Syllabic, 19 syllables or less.  Usually a tercet. 5-7-7. This can also be reduced to a 5-7-5 syllable count if desired.
emotive, not necessarily logical.
Kimo  An Israeli version of the Haiku.  10/7/6 syllables
Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains
Syllabic, 4 to 8 syllables per line.
Composed with each line made up of 2 to 3 phrases.
Rhymed with an intricate rhyme pattern.
Knittelvers Stanzaic, written in any number of couplets.
Rhymed. The rhyme can be true or assonant rhyme. aa bb cc dd etc.
Syllabic, strict count of 8 syllable lines or free count of 8 or 9 syllable lines each
Kolang Syllabic. L1, L2, L3 are 7 syllables each, L4 is 9 syllables.
Stanzaic, written with any number of quatrains.
Composed with an interweaving or cross rhyme scheme. The end word of L1 rhymes with the 5th syllables of L2 and L3. The end word of L2 rhymes with the 5th syllable of L4. L3 and L4 end rhyme.
It is most often a poem of nature.
Kouta A Japanese poetry form of 4 lines.
Syllabic, written in lines of alternating 7-5-7-5 syllables or 7-7-7-5 syllables.
Kwansaba a celebration of family and African-American culture, a praise poem.
a septastich, a poem in 7 lines
measured by 7 words in each line.
written with no word exceeding 7 letters.
KyRenn It consist of six quatrains, each set of three having only two rhymes.
Verse one and two being mono-rhyme, and verse three being alternating or cross rhyme.
Kyrielle Quatrains with last line refrain.
LaCalma Rhyme scheme aaa,bB,cc,dd,bB.
Syllabic: 8 syllables per line in iambic tetrameter.
11 lines per stanza. 3 stanzas (33 lines) total.
Content must be nurturing, spiritual.
LaDán Quatrains, Syllabic: 11/9/11/9  9/7/7/9  11/9/11/9 9/7/9/7  11/9/11/9
hymed: abab baab abab baab abab or abab cddc efef ghhg ijij
Every line starts with an anapest
LaGrange Quatrain Syllabic 8/7/8/7 Rhymed abab, Anapestic
Lai Syllabic, 5/5/2,Rhymed aab
Minimum of  two triplets per stanza
Any number of stanzas.
LaJemme The LaJemme is a 5 stanza form created by poets Laura Lamarca and Jem Farmer.
Syllalbic:10/10/10/10  8/8/8/6 8/8/8/6  10/10/10/10  10/10/10/10
Lakelet Stanzaic: Consisting of 3 or more sestets.
Metric: Each stanza consisting of five lines of iambic tetrameter
and one line of iambic trimeter.
Rhyme scheme: abcccb
Landay An Afghan syllabic form, Syllabic, unrhymed couplet 9/13
La’Tuin It contains a minimum of 4 stanzas, with no maximum length limit.
A strict syllable count of 9/8/9/8 is required per stanza.
A1BCA2 abca abca A1BCA2
La’Tuin LaFemme It contains a minimum of 4 stanzas, with no maximum length limit.
A strict syllable count of 9/8/9/8 is required per stanza.
A B A2 C   abac  abac  …  AB A2 B C
Lanturne The Lanturne is a five-line CENTERED verse shaped like a Japanese
lantern with a syllabic pattern of  one, two, three, four, one.
Lauranelle A hybrid (variation) of both the Villanelle and the Terzanelle forms.
It consists of 6 tercets and 1 quatrain ending with a refrain made up of lines 1 and 3.   A1bA2 bcb cdc ded efe fbf ggA1A2
Le Jeune Three to five six line stanzas, where each line has 5 syllables
Internal mono-rhyme at syllable 2 in lines 2 and 4 throughout the poem.
The Final word in each stanza is the same word, and must rhyme with the other mono-end-rhymes.
No meter required.
Leigh Hunt Rondeau An 8 line poem with the  final line being only four syllables
Simply Trochaic Tetrameter, with catalectic feet providing the bold rhyme  Rhyme pattern:  ababcdcd
Le Jeune Tree or more sestets, internal rhyme,
x(a/b)a(a/b)x(cB), pentasyllabic, Meter not required.
Lento Two quatrains with a fixed rhyme scheme of abcb, defe.  The fun part of this poem is thrown in here as all the FIRST words of each verse should rhyme. There is no fixed syllable structure to the Lento, but keeping a good, flowing rhythm is recommended.
Licentia Rhyme Form A long refrain poem with 3 or more 12 line stanzas.
The Rhyme pattern is  AABBCCDDEEAABBffgghhiiAACCjjkkllmmAA etc.
Lilibonelle A Retourne-like refrain poem
 Lilit Stanzaic, alternating Raay couplets with Kloang quatrains.
Syllabic, the couplets are 5 syllable lines and the quatrains are L1-L3 7 syllable lines and L4 is a 9 syllable line.
Couplets composed with a chain, linking the lines of the couplet and linking the stanzas.
Rhymed, composed with cross, interlaced and end rhyme
Lilt A 16 LINE poem, consisting of four quatrain stanzas
Accentual with odd lines of each stanza having 3 stressed syllable
and even lines having two stressed syllables
Rhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef ghgh
Rentrement requirement: The 2nd line of each stanza becomes part of the first line of the next stanza
Limerick There once was a guy from Nantucket….
Line Messaging A poetic form wherein the poet utilizes the last line of each stanza to help represent an overall idea. (Or in my interpretation, any consistent line.)
Linked Refrain Stanzaic: Consisting of 3 or more quatrains
Metered: Iambic Pentameter
Rhymed: aabb cdcd efef, etc
Refrain: The last portion of the last line of each stanza becomes the first part of the next stanza, except for the final stanza. It’s last portion is the first portion of the first stanza.
Lira Stanzaic, popularly written in one or a short number of cinquains. The form is occasionally found in sixains and on rare occasions, quatrains.
Syllabic, the lines are usually in a fixed pattern of Italianate lines, (7 and 11 syllables). The last line of the stanza is always 11 syllables. The first stanza establishes the fixed pattern.
Often written with L2 repeated as L5.
Rhymed, often using only consonant rhyme. The most common rhyme scheme is aBabB.
Lisa Rima Consists of two or more quatrains of set syllabic length. 8/8/8/3
and with a specified rhyme pattern zzza
Invented by Lisa LaGrange
Logolilt 2  Sixains made up of 2 tercets each.
syllabic, 8-4-2-8-4-2 8-4-2-8-4-2.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme aabccb ddeffe.
Loonies  5 line, 13 word poem.
It is word-based with 1/5/5/1/1 words per line.
It is formulaic: the words in the final two lines must be hyphenated.
Loop Poetry Word structured stanzas with several options
Loose Sapphic Quatrains,4 with 11 syllable, 1 with 5 syllables.  Unrhymed.
Luc Bat Syllabic, 6/8/6/8/6/8…, a(a/b)b(b/c)c(c/d)d(d/a)
Lucubration 2 octave stanzas followed by a single line
12 syllables each line – formulistic
abababab cdcdcdcd d rhyme scheme
Lune Kelly Lune,    Syllables: 5-3-5
Collom Lune,    Words:  3-5-3
Any topic, meter, rhyme, metaphor allowed.
Lushi A isosyllabic (all lines the same number of syllables) octet, with 5,6, or 7 syllable lines.   It is formulistic and unrhymed.
Lyrette  a heptastich, a poem in 7 lines.
syllabic, 2-3-4-5-4-3-2 syllables per line.
unrhymed, each line should end with strong word.

Mad Calf
A 20 line poem
Stanzaic: 4 quintains
Isosyllabic: All lines six syllables.
Rhyme scheme: abcde fghij klmno eieio.
Mad Cow A pastoral poem
Stanzaic: 7 quintains
Metric: Alexandines (Iambic hexameter)
rhyme scheme: ababc cdede fgfgh hijij klklm mnono eieio
Mad Song Stanza Stanzaic: One or more quintains
Syllabic: 6/6/4/4/6
Rhymed: xabba
Metric: Iambic
Magic 9 A 9 line poem
Line-length and metrics at the discretion of the poet
Rhyme pattern: abacadaba
Manardina Single stanza 12 line poem
Syllabic 4/8/8/8/8/4/4/8/8/8/4/4
Rhymed: axbbxxxbbxaa

Margerinesoar  Noir

All lines are 10 syllables.
All end-rhyme is mono-rhyme.
Internal separate mono-rhyme occurs on syllable 5 of each line.
Marianne  a pentastich, a poem in 5 lines.
syllabic, 4-6-8-4-2 syllables per line.rhymed, axaxa x being unrhymed.
titled and centered on the page.
Markette Stanzaic: 4 quatrains
Syllablic: 11/10/9/5
Rhyme Scheme: aaab cccd ddde fffe
Mathnawi Most Persian Mathnawi are normally eleven (11) syllables, occasionally ten (10). There is no limit to the number of rhymed couplets.
Arabic Mathnawi (Also called Musdawidj) simial but presented as mono-rhymed triplets
Meisenheimer Sestet  It is syllabic, each stanza being a sestet of 11/8/11/11/11/8 syllables.
It is metrical, with the long lines consisting of three anapestic feet and an iamb, and each short line consisting of two anapestic feet and an iamb.
Rhyme pattern:  xabbba
McWhirtle dactylic, formulistic, hexasyllabic, stanzaic
Melodic  abcabc defdef ghigg, Created by chasingtheday of AP.
cross-rhyme, formulistic, stanzaic
Memento Themed:          about a holiday or anniversary.
Stanzaic:          sestet consisting of two tercets
Syllabic:            8/6/2/8/6/2  Rhymed:           abcabc
Michelle’s Quatrain Wrap It consists of four or more quatrains, the first three lines being written in iambic   tetrameter and the last line being written in iambic trimeter.
Of course poets so inclined may substitute trochaic meter.
Miniature  syllabic, 7-5-7-5-7-6-7-6-7-7 syllables per line. All but L6 & L8 begin and end on a stressed syllable. L6 & L8 have feminine endings.

rhyme x a x a x b x b c c, x being unrhymed. Word Refrain.

Minuette Syllabic, all lines 4 syllables long.
rhymed, rhyme scheme xxaxxa xxbxxb.
composed with L3,L6,L9,L12 indented.
Minute The Minute Poem is a 60 syllable verse form, one syllable for each second in a minute. The theme should be an event that is over and done   completely, as in a minute. Since the dominant line is short the effect is likely humorous, whimsical or semi-serious.
Mirror Cinquain A titled, unrhymed  decastich (10 line poem)
syllabic, 2-4-6-8-2  2-8-6-4-2 syllables per line.
Mirror Oddquain Created by Glenda L. Hand.
Usually unrhymed.
17 syllables in five lines. Syllable Count: 1-3-5-7-1
Mirror Sestet Created by Shelly A. Cephas, formulistic
l or more stanzas of 6 lines, word repeat
rhymed or not
Mirrored Refrain The poem is formed by three or more quatrains where two lines within the quatrain are the “mirrored refrain” or alternating refrain.
The rhyme scheme is as follows: xaBA, xbAB, xaBA, xbAB, etc..
MLou Quintet Created by Mary Lou Healy. 5/3/5/3/4ababa
Four five line stanzas, first line repeats in each stanza, 6 syllable lines, and lines three and five rhyme.
Rhyme pattern: Abcdc Aefgf Ahiji Aklml 
Monk’s Tale Stanza See Ballade Stanza
Monololiquie It starts, ends and is titled after a single word. It follows a mono rhyme scheme.  Each line is typically as short as possible, and the scenarios expressed become increasingly absurd.
Monometric This form requires the poet to begin with a couplet, then augment each succeeding stanza with one more line
Each stanza is to be independent mono-rhyme.
Mononet An 18 line poem consisting of two octaves and a couplet, with part-line and full-line refrains.
Monotetra Each stanza contains four lines in monorhyme. Each line is in tetrameter (four metrical feet) for a total of eight syllables. What makes the monotetra so powerful as a poetic form, is that the last line contains two metrical feet, repeated. It can have as few as one or two stanzas, or as many as desired.
Muzdawidj Most are normally eleven (11) syllables, occasionally ten (10). There is no limit to the number of rhymed couplets.
Presented as mono-rhymed triplets
Musette 9 line syllalbic poem, 2/4/2 2/4/2 2/4/2
Rhymed  aba cdc efe.  Invent by Emily Romano
Mystic Butterfly 2 Sestets (6 lines per stanza)
Rhyme scheme:  abcddd
Internal and External rhyme using the same pattern, on every line.
Mystique Sonetillo Acróstico 8 syllables : Stanzas 1 -3
7 syllables  :Stanza 2 and couplet
Rhyming Scheme is: abba bccb cddc ee
Naani A four line poem consisting of from 20 to 25 syllables.
Nibor Complex Syllabic Stanza arrangement
Nocturna A 9 line poem based upon a nocturnal theme
Rhyme Scheme: abacbcdbd
Metered in iambic pentameter.
Nonnet 9/8/7/6/5/4/3/2/1, centered, lines 9, rhyme any, syllabic
Nove Otto A nine line poem, Syllabic, 8 syllables per line
Rhyme Scheme: aabccbddb
Created by Scott J. Alcorn
Novelinee Created by Sarah Rayburn, the novelinee is a 9 line stanza derived from the Spencerian stanza but written in iambic pentameter or decasyllabic lines.
Rhyme Scheme: ababcdcdd.

With the envoy:
12 / 34 / 56 / 78
Ocarina – Rhymed 1st abbacddc
2nd cdcdabab
3rd baabdccd
4th dcdcbaba
5th abbacddc
6th cdcdabab
7th baabdccd
8th dcdcbaba
Ochtfochlach An Irish octet with unspecified line length and meter.
Rhyming aaab cccb.
Octain syllabic, 2-4-6-8-8-6-4-3 syllables per line. Not a typo, the last line takes 3 syllables but the last word must be the same as the first.

rhymed or unrhymed. If it is rhymed the rhyme scheme is AbcdbcdA.

Octain Refrain It comprises eight lines as TWO TERCETS and a COUPLET
Refrain line, internal rhyme in one line
Abb a(c/c)a bA  or A bba (c/c)ab A
Octameter Two stanzas of 8 lines each.  By Shelly A. Cephas
Each line has a syllable count of 5
The set rhyme scheme is: abcdedfd  ghcgigdd
Octava Real Stanzaic, written in any number of octaves.
Hendecasyllabic, written in 11 syllable lines.
Rhymed, abababcc.
A narrative, tells a story.
Octelle The Octelle, created by Emily Romano, is a poem consisting of eight lines using personification and symbolism in a telling manner. The syllable count structure for this verse is 8, 8, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, and the rhyme scheme is aa/bb/cc/aa. The first two lines and the last two lines are identical.
Octet Poetry Form An octastich, a poem in 8 lines.
Syllabic, 8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 syllables per line.
Variable and can be written as a mirror or can be reversed.
Octo An octastich, a poem in 8 lines.
Syllabic, all lines are 8 syllables each.
Rhymed ABCxxCBA, x being unrhymed.
Refrain: with L1 repeated as L8, L2 repeated as L7 and L3 repeated as L6.
Octodil  A poem in 8 lines, an octastich.
Syllabic, 4-4-6-6-8-8-6-6 syllables per line.
Unrhymed and no feminine or falling end words
Oddquain Created by Glenda L. Hand.
Usually unrhymed.
17 syllables in five lines. Syllable Count: 1-3-5-7-1
Oddquain Butterfly Also by Glenda L. Hand; 1/3/5/7/1/7/5/3/1
Ode A poem praising a person place or thing.
Onda Mel An octastich, a poem in 8 lines made up of 2 quatrains.
Syllabic, 8/4/4/8/8/4/4/8 syllables per line.
Rhymed abbacddc.
Onzain or Onzijn 11 Lines, Isosyllabic: 11 syllables per line.
Rhymed: abcbcbcdcdee
Oriental Octet An octastich, a poem in 8 lines, nature related.
Syllabic, 5/7/5/7/7/5/7/5 syllables per line.
Ottava Anna Internal and end-rhyme schemes.
Internal rhyme is on syllable 4 or 5 each line.
Internal ~ abbaaccb External ~ deeddffe
Ottava Rima A Ottava Rima is a poem written in 8-line octaves.
Each line is of a 10 or 11 syllable count in
the following rhyme: one octave poem. abababcc
Ovi Stanzaic, written in any number of 4 line stanzas.
Syllabic, 8-8-8-(less than 8 ) syllables
Rhymed, with L1, L2, L3 mono-rhymed L4 unrhymed. aaax, x being unrhymed.
Ovillejo 10-line verse that rolls out in measured segments, then goes back and picks up   the short threads for the final unraveling.
aa bb cc cddc
Oxylet A very difficult poem to compose with specified metric feet, required alliteration, intenal rhyme and consonant rhyme.
Palidrome Poetry A palindrome, by definition, is a word, phrase, verse, sentence, or even poem that reads the same forward or backward.
Pantoum The pantoum consists of a series of quatrains rhyming abab in which the second and fourth lines of a quatrain recur as the first and third lines in the succeeding quatrain; each quatrain introduces a new second rhyme as bcbc, cdcd.
Paradelle Complex- The first two lines as well as the third and fourth lines of the first three stanzas must be the same (repeat).  Where it begins to get difficult and become more of a poetic puzzle is when reaching fifth and sixth lines.  These lines must contain all the words from the preceding four lines within the stanza using them only once to form completely new lines.
Parallelogram de Crystalline A poem in 12 lines,
Stanzaic: made up of 4 tercets.
Syllabic 3-6-9 syllables per line for each tercet.
Parallelismus Membrorum Grammatical parallelism is of traditional Hebrew origin and dates back to biblical times. It is an independent clause presenting parallels or opposites in balance using contrasting and complimentary extensions.
Paraphrased Great Poetry Take a well-known poem, then rewrite it in four lines of iambic trimeter (six-syllable lines with the stressed syllables in position 2, 4, and 6). These are monorhyme poems, meaning all of the lines end with the same rhyming word (rhyme scheme aaaa).
Pareado A single distich, a poem in 2 lines.
Syllabic, often the same length at the discretion of the poet.
Rhymed, the rhyme can be consonant rhyme which in Spanish prosody is full rhyme or the rhyme can be assonant rhyme.
Park’s Triad A poem in 22 lines made up of an octave, sixain and an octave in that order.
Metric, all lines are iambic tetrameter accept the last line of each stanza which is a refrain in iambic dimeter.
Rhymed, turned on only 2 rhymes, rhyme scheme xxxaxabA xxxabA xxxaxabA – b rhyme linking the stanzas and A being the refrain.
Partenze Represa it maintains strict syllable line count of your choosing:
8*6*8*6, 8*8*8*8, 10*10*10*10, etc…and that each line must begin (anywhere you like) with the last portion of the preceding line.
Pathya vat   Cambodian verse – four lines of four syllables each, where lines two and three rhyme. When a poem consists more than one stanza, the last line of the previous stanza rhymes with the second and third lines of the following one.
Patrol Poem A 12 line poem made up of 3 quatrains.
Accentual verse, giving importance to stress count. There are 4 stresses in each of the 4 lines of the first quatrain, 3 stresses in each of the 4 lines of the second quatrain and the stress count alternates stresses from 4, 3, 4, 3 in the third quatrain.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme is xaxa xbxb xcxc. x being unrhymed.
Composed with repetition of words as a criteria of this form.
Paulo Comitatu Line 1 of each verse in Iambic Tetrameter
Lines 2-4 are Iambic trimeter.
The trimeter lines share mono-rhyme.
Paulo Ludibrium Comitato The form consists of one or more octaves where the 1st and 5th lines are Iambic Trimeter with and extra unaccented syllable
da DUM  da DUM  da DUM da (Technically two iambs and an amphibrach)
The remaining lines are proper Iambic Trimeter
Payar Stanzaic, written in any number of couplets.
Rhymed. aa bb cc etc.
Syllabic, 14 syllables lines which are normally broken into 4 units.
Pendrangle Two or more hexameter mono-rhyme quatrain stanzas, each followed by the same mono-rhyme couplet.
Rhyme pattern: aaaa BB cccc BB..  Created by Penelope Allen.
Pendulum Syllabic, 8-6-4-2-2-4-6-8 syllables per line.
rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbccdd.
Pentibrach L1 & L3      two pentibrach feet
L2               a pentibrach followed by a secundus paeon
L4               a pentibrach followed by an iamb
Pensee syllabic count 2-4-7-8-6; line 1 is the subject; line 2 gives description
line 3, action; line 4, the setting; line 5, final thought.
Phyquain Form Created by John Madison Shaw, Sr., aka Arkbear on Allpoetry
MUST have 5 Quatrains – No Set Line length – No Set Meter
The Nth line of each quatrain must rhyme with each other.
Letter use restrictions.
Piaku The Piaku form takes part of its name from the fact that the syllable count for each line matches the digits in Pi.
Pi-Archimedes A hexastich, a poem in 6 lines.
Measured by the number of words in each line 3-1-4-1-5-9 to match the numerical sequence of the first six digits of Pi.
Pictorial The entire poem must be printed in slanting lines indicative of the thought in those lines. The poem should consist of three lines with five words or less per line. There should be rhyme somewhere in the poem, either end rhyme or internal rhyme.
Pie Quebrado Two Stanzaic forms:
1. A couplet of two 8 syllable lines followed by a tail, a 4 syllable line.
2. A couplet made of 8 syllable line followed by 4 syllable line.
Pixiku A three line form related to Haiku with no restrictions.
Pleiades Only one word is allowed in the title followed by a single seven-line stanza.  The first word in each line begins with the same letter as the title.
Pruntiform An invented acrostic form created by Randy Prunty in which the words of the first line of the poem are sequentially the first word of each subsequent line. The structure of the poem is at the discretion of the poet
Punte Two stanzas with different thoughts, linked by a one line stanza set off with tildes.
Purely Hopeful 9/8/7/6: abab   7/8/9: cdc   9/8/7: cdc   6/7/8/9: fgfg
Quadrilew This is a stanzaic, form requiring 4 quatrains.
It is syllabic with two forms, either 5/6/5/6  repeating
or 6/5/6/5 repeating.
Minimum 16 lines, No meter specified.
Refrains: The Nth line of the first quatrain is the first line of the Nth quatrain.
Quadrilou Two octets with rhyme pattern abcdabcd abcdabcd
Each Octet consists of two Quatrains, where
Line 1 is tetrameter  Line 2 Dimeter  Line 3 Trimeter  Line 4 Dimeter
Quaintrell 3 or more Octets, each having the following syllable count:
8/8/8/6/8/8/8/6, that is to say Iambic Tetrameter in lines 1/2/3/ and 5/6/7, and Iambic Trimeter in lines 4 and 8.
The rhyme scheme is as follows: a/a/(bb)/c, d/d/(ee)/c.
Quatern The first line of stanza 1 is repeated as a refrain line as the second line of stanza 2, the third line of stanza 3 and the last line of stanza 4.
There is no set meter or rhyme scheme.
Questrain Questrain is a four line stanza with abab rhyme scheme and a 9/7/8/6 syllable count.  The first three lines introduce a topic and the last line asks a question. Form invented by Michelle Campbell.
Quintilla Syllabic verse, octasyllabic (8 syllable lines).
Stanzaic, written in any number of quintains (5 line stanzas).
Rhymed. In each quintain only 2 rhymes can be used and it cannot end in a rhyming couplet.
Quintina A sestina-like form with 5 keywords and a couplet envoi.
Quinzaine A syllabic 3-line poem, 7/5/3, unrhymed, where L1 poses a question and L2 an L3 provide answers.
Raay or Rai Stanzaic, written in a series of couplets.
Syllabic, 5 syllables per line.
Chain rhymed, the last syllable of L1 rhymes with the first syllable of L2
Raccontino A single stanza consisting of any even number of lines.
Rhymed: the rhyme pattern is xaxaxaxa
Formulaic: The end words in the un-rhymed lines tell a brief story.
Isosyllabic: All lines having the same number of syllables, at the poet’s discretion
Raconteur abCabC DeFdeF D, syllabic, no meter requierment
Ragonelle Created by Adaline Reilly, aka -AJ on Allpoetry
Rhyming: abab – Syllable Count: 12/7/12/7
There are no requirements for specific meter.

Rannaigheacht beagh

 A traditional Irish quatrain of 7-syllable lines (‘old-school’),   or 8-6-8-6,
ending in 2-syllable words all linked by consonance  (in its old  meaning,  having the same vowels’),   with at least two cross-rimes in each couplet   (can be consonance in first but should be rime in second)and alliteration in every line, which in the second couplet   must be between the last two stressed words in each line,  and with the dunedh, of course (ending in the same word, phrase,   or line it began with).
Rannaigecht chethar-chubaid garit rocamarcach Written in any number of quatrains.
Syllabic 3-7-7-7.
Alliterated, 2 word alliteration in each line.
Written with aicill rhyme, the end word of L3 internally rhymes with L4.
Rannaigheacht mhor Very Difficult Ancient Irish quatrain.
Ravenfly It consists of two quatrains and a couplet
with syllables of 8/7/8/7/10/10
rhyming abab cdcd ee
Redondilla aabb,or abab, or abcb, 4 quatrains, Spanish, stanzaic, tetrameter
Remy LaRhyme The RemyLa Rhyme Form, a form c, consists of 4 quatrain stanzas.
The syllable count per stanza is 8/10/12/8 rhymed abca defd ghig jklj.
Created by Laura Lamarca
Renga – Reference Reference
RenRhyme It consists of three, four-line (Quatrain) stanzas (12 lines)
Lines 1-4 in the opening stanza are the refrain lines
Invented by Renee Mathews Jackson
Retourne Each line of the first of four quatrains, is successively the first line of the following quatrains
Retournello Stanzaic: Any number of quatrains.
Syllabic: Count: 4/6/8/4
Rhyme Scheme: abba cddc effe etc.
Retrac A poem of 12 lines, displayed centered.
Syllable Counts: 2/3/4/6/8/10/10/10/8/6/4/3/2
Rhyme Scheme: aabbccccbbaa.
Reverse Word The ONLY requirement of this form, is that you use reverse words where ever you might otherwise choose to use rhyme.
Instead of rhyming, the last words of the lines are  backwards (reversed) where rhymes would be.
Rhaiku Verse A poem consisting of One stanza of Rhyme,
one stanza of haiku, and one stanza of free verse.
The order of the components is up to the poet.
Rhopalic Couplet The Rhopalic Couplet is a poetic unit of 2 rhopalic lines, each word progresses adding 1 more syllable than the preceeding word in the line. The lines can either be parallel or the order can be reversed in the second line. The lines need not be rhymed.
Rhophalic Verse A poem wherein the Nth word of every line in each stanza has N-syllables.
Rhupunt Welsh form.
A four syllable line, each stanza can be of three, four or five lines a..a..a..B.  The next stanza rhymes the similar c..c..c..B.
Rhupunt hir Simply a Rhupunt presented as a long line with internal rhyme.
It is isosyllabic (all lines the same length) with 3, 4, or 5 tetrameter feet.
Rhyme Royal Seven lines, usually in iambic pentameter.
Rhyme scheme is a-b-a-b-b-c-c. The stanza can be constructed  either as a tercet and two couplets (aba bb cc) or (abab bcc)
Rhymethor Stanazaic: Consisting of three quatrains plus a single line.
Syllabic: 6/6/6/6/ 6/6/6/6 6/6/6/6 12
Rhymed: AABB ccdd BBAA x,
Refrained: Where the final quatrain is the inverse of the first quatrain.
Rhyming Wave Stanzaic: 2 or more quatains plus an ending couplet
Metric: Iambic tetrameter, except the final line is iambic trimeter
Rhymed and Refrained: Rhyme Pattern AAab BBbc CCcd DDde AE
Rick’s 32 Stanzaic, consisting of 2 or more stanzas,
Syllabic: 3/4/3/6/6/3/4/3
Rhyme is optional
Rictameter Starting your first line with a two syllable word, you then consecutively increase the number of syllables per line by two. i.e. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10  Then down again, 8, 6, 4, 2 Making the final line the same two syllable word you began with.
Ridotto 1. Pen a line with any number of syllables.
2. For the next line, add one syllable and rhyme with the preceding line.
3. Subtract two syllables and choose a new rhyme word.
Repeat instructions 2 thru 3 until instruction 3 would create a zero syllable line.  Invented by Thomas Horton
Rime Couée Stanzaic, any number of sixains made up of two tercets.
accentual, folk meter of normal speech. L1,L2, L4, L5 are longer lines of a similar length,
L3 and L6 are shorter lines of the same length.
rhymed, rhyme scheme aabccb, ddeffe, etc
Rimas Dissolutas French origin.  External rhyme only.  Isosyllabic.
Rionnaird tri-nard Old Irish form. Stanzaic, isosyllabic, syllables 6,rhymed, cross-rhyme,
Ripple It is similar to the Monometic form but with the additional constraint of line-length in feet being required to match the stanza line count.
Rishal Four or more tercet stanzas plus concluding single line.
aba cdc efe ghg x, meter not required, refrain required
Internal rhyme in line 2 of each stanza
Rispetto Tuscan form, octave, rhyming
Roger’s Refrain It is written in iambic tetrameter with
Any number of mono-rhyme quatrain stanzas, and an
ending rhyming couplet. (Becomes Sonnet with 3 stanzas and volta
Romantic Stanza Any number of dactylic stanzas rhymed abab, with cross-rhyme where the first   7 syllables of line 1 become line 4.  Syllabic variations.
Rondeau It is composed of fifteen lines, eight to ten syllables each, divided stanzaically into a quintet, a quatrain, and a sestet. The rentrement consists of the first few words or the entire first line of the first stanza, rhyme: aabba aabR aabbaR
Rondeau Prime A 12 line poem of French origin, (variation of the Rondeau)
Syllabic in French, often iambic in English
Isosyllabic lines, except for the shorter refrain lines
Rhyme Scheme: (Ra)bbaabR abbaR,
where R is the first part of the first line and becomes the refrain.
Rondeau Redoublé  It uses only two rhymes throughout, repeats whole lines, and has an awkward repeated half-line at the end.
Rondelet Syllabic    4/8/4/8/8/8/4
Rhymed  A  b A a  b  b  A
Where A is the refrain
Rondel Grand Rhyme Pattern: ababR cdcdR..etc.
Syllables: 8/8/8/8/6
Created by Victoria Sutton
Rondine A sestet and a quintet, each ending with a short line
taken from the beginning of line 1.
Rosardian Ode The only kind of ode that specifies a particular rhyming scheme – ababccddc, with syllable counts of 10, 4, 10, 4, 10, 10, 4, 4, 8.
Rossetti Stanza Two different syllabic sestets, rhymed abaaba or ababba
Roundabout A 20 line poem, attributed to David Edwards
Stanzaic: Consisting of 4 five-line stanza
Metered: Iambic with feet of 4/3/2/2/3 per line
Rhyme Scheme: aBccB bCddC cDaaD dAbbA
Refrain: L2 is repeated as L5 in each stanza
Roundel Refrain poetry, two quatrains plus either a quintet or sestet.
ABba abAB abbaA or ABba abAB abbaAB
Roundelay Complex four sestet poem with 12 repeating couplets, one of which repeats as each stanzas last two lines.
Royal Spiral A syllabic, stanzaic for consisting of five quintains
Rhyming aabbc ccdde eeffg gghhc, refrains similare to a Rondeau.
Created by Mary Sullivan Boren
Rubai – Rubaiyat – Interlocking Rubaiyat Persian origin. Rhymed aaxa.
Rubliw A single stanza, 9 line, centered poem.
Metric: Completely written in iambs
Formulaic: Begins with one foot for line 1, then add a foot to each succeeding line until a pentameter line is reached, the decrease each succeeding line by a foot until then end.
Rhyme is optional
Rustavelain Quatrain 15 or 16 syllable isosyllabic lines
Any number of quatrains rhymed in two or three syllable mono-rhyme.
Ruthless Rhyme  Deplorably funny couplet poems, frequently not in best of taste.
San Gabriel Refrain
A poem with one or more 10 line stanzas of optional specific lengths with two line refrains taken from the three preceding long lines.
Rhyming pattern: ababccddee
Sapphic Stanza  Syllabic, each stanza consisting 3 Sapphic Lines plus a Adonic line.
Metrical.  The Sapphic lines being trochaic with the central foot being a dactyl (11 syllables), and  The Adonic lines being a dactyl followed by a trochee (5 syllables)
Rhymed, the pattern being abab.
Saraband Septet stanza, usually in iambic tetrameter
Rhyming axa bcbc
Scallop  syllabic, 2-4-6-6-4-2 syllables per line.
rhymed, rhyme scheme abccba deffed ghiihg etc.
Scallop Stanzaic, written in any number of sixains.
Syllabic, 2/4/6/6/4/2 syllables per line.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme abccba deffed ghiihg etc.
Scifaiku Minimal, in the moment with human insight.
Written with a haiku frame
Scupham Stanza isosyllabic, stanzaic one or more sextets ,abccba
Séadna Complex syllabic quatrain, 8/7/8/7 with end-rhyme,
cross-rhyme, internal rhyme, word repeat
Séadna mheadhanach Séadna mheadhanach is: the same as the Séadna.
except the 1st and 3rd lines of the quatrain are 3 syllable words and the 2nd and 4th lines are 2 syllable words.
Séadna Mòr Séadna Mòr (shay’-na mor) stanza is: the same as Séadna.
except L2 and L4 end in three-syllable words instead of monosyllable words.
Sedoka Japanese, syllabic 5/7/7 5/7/7
Seguidilla Stanzaic, written in any number of 2 part septets. (7 lines)
Syllabic, 7-5-7-5 : 5-7-5 per line. There is a slight pause between L4 and L5 suggesting L4 should be end-stopped.
Rhymed by assonance xaxabxb or xaxabab. x being unrhymed. True rhyme is generally not used.
Senryu A poem in 3 lines or less.
Syllabic, 17 syllables or less.
Commonly written in 3 lines but can be written in 2 lines and can be written with fewer syllables, never more.
Seox A poem in six lines, a hexastich.
syllabic, 3-7-6-5-4-3 syllables per lines.
Sept Seven line poem, beings with one syllable, increases by
one each line until 4, then decreases by one until done.
Septanelle  a heptastich, a poem in seven lines.
syllabic, 4-6-10-4-6-10-4 syllables per line.
rhymed, rhyme scheme ababcca.
Septolet Verse requiring exactly 14 words
in tercet and quatrain in either order.
Serena Syllabic, L1,L9,L11 are 4 syllables each. L2 & L10 are 3 syllables each and L3 thru L8 are 7 sylables each.
Rhymed: head and tail rhymed
The head rhyme is AAbbccddAAx and
the tail rhyme is ABcxccddABb, x being unrhymed.
Refrained: L1 & L2 are repeated as L9 & L10.
Serenity Refrain It is a stanzaic poem, with six 5-line stanzsa
It is isosyllabic, requiring 7 syllable per line.Rhyme Scheme: aabba   Sliding Refrain
Sestalena Syllabic  6/8/8/6/8/6,  rhyme    abbaba
a Lines Iambic Trimeter, b Lines Iambic Tetrameter
Created by Caroline Ann Gordon
Sestina A fairly difficult 39 line poem consisting of six septets and one tercet, all reqired to re-use the end words from the first stanza, in different lines as the end-word.  Metered, Un-rhymed.
Sestina -Rhymed Rhymed: ababab, iambic pentameter, specific  word-scheme
Invented by Algernon  Swinburne
Sestina – Swinburne’s Double Algernon Charles Swinburne developed the double sestina, a twelve-line, twelve stanza form with a six line envoi for the masochistic poet
Seven-Eleven Couplet Rhyme Stanzaic, any number of couplets.
Syllabic, mixed or irregular 7 and 11 syllabic line. 7-7 7-11 11-11 11-7 etc or 7-11 7-7 11-7 11-7 11-11 or whatever combination at the discretion of the poet. (although L6 and if there is a L11 are always 11 syllables.)
Rhymed, consonant-full rhyme
Sevenling Lines one to three should contain three connected or contrasting statements, or a list of three details, names or possibilities. This can take up all of the three lines or be contained anywhere within them.
Lines four to six should similarly have three elements (statements, details, names, or possibilities) connected directly or indirectly or not at all.
The seventh line should act as a narrative summary or punchline or an unusual juxtaposition.
Sevenelle Stanzaic, written in no less than 2 septets, each made up of a rhymed couplet, tercet and couplet in that order.
Metric, iambic tetrameter.
Rhymed, aabbbCC ddeeeCC etc.
Composed with L6&L7 of the first stanza repeated as refrain in the last 2 lines of all subsequent stanzas.
Shanzi This is a syllabic, unrhym poem in seven lines  4/5 5/4 4/4/5
Sheshire Three sestets and a couplet with last line extended with caesura
Rhyme scheme: ababab cdcdcd efefef gg or abcabc defdef ghighi jj
Shoe Laces Eleven line brevity form. 8/2/8/2/8/2/8/2/8/2/8
Rhymed abbacddceff
Short Measure Meter: Iambic trimeter, EXCEPT line three which is iambic tetrameter
Rhymed: xaxa xbxb … Any number of stanzas
Short Particular Measure All the authorities seem to agree that this has 6-line stanzas rhyming aabaab, with syllable counts of 668668 (that’s 334334 in feet). Mysteriously, all the authorities then go on to give examples with syllable counts of 448448!
Short Rondel A poem in 11 lines made up of sixain followd by a quintain.
Isosyllabic, often 8 syllalbe lines, except for L6 & L11 which are the shorter first phrase of L1.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbcC ddeeC.
Shrinking Verse Stanzaic: It consists of three or more stanzas of diminishing length written in common meter, followed by a single rhyming iambic tetrameter couplet. Usually the stanza preceding the couplet is four lines in length.
Metric: It is written in common meter (alternating lines 0f iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter.)
Sicilian Sestet  Sicilian sestet had no set meter, but the anglicized version uses Iambic tetrameter or pentameter.
The rhyme pattern is as follows; ababab
SIJO Korean form.  Syllabic, structured, unrhymed.
Each of three lines being from 14 to 16 syllables.
 Silva de consonantes Stanzaic, any number of couplets.
Syllabic, alternating 7-11 syllabic lines. 7-11 7-11 7-11 7-11 7-11 etc.
Rhymed, consonant-full rhyme aabbccdd etc.
Skeltonic Verse Lines of verse  without stanza breaks, written in mono-rhyme changed at the whim of the poet.  All lines have two accented syllables
Slide Ballad A common meter poem, where  with rhyme pattern (ax)axa
Where (ax) indicates that end-line is unrhymed, but that there is interleaved rhyme from the first section of the first line to end following end-rhyme.
There is a partial refrain from first to last stanza.
Solage It has three lines (called the hook, the line and the sinker) of irregular length.   The rhyming structure is AAB.
Soft-songed tercet Three line poem: 6/12/6, a(b/b)a
Sonnetina Rispetto  It can be written in 3 quatrain stanzas and a couplet or
with an Octave(8) and a Sestet(6) lines.
The rhyme scheme is as follows:A1,A2,B1,c,c,B2,A1,A2,d,d,B1,B2,A1,A2.
Sonnetina (Five Forms Here) Each documented below
Sonnetina Uno A ten line poem
Sonnetina Due Five couplets
Rhyme Scheme: aabbccddee
Usually Iambic tetrameter or petameter
Sonnetina Tre 1. The form is created from three stanzas.
These consist of two quatrains and one couplet.
Variations include the Mini-Dorn with the couplet in the middle.
Sonnetina Quatro 1. The form comprises of two stanzas. These are a sestet and a quatrain.
2. The sestet and quatrain may appear either way round, but the more usual design is the sestet first.
Rhyme Scheme: ababab cdcd
Sonnetina Cinque 1. This form comprises of two cinquains.
2. There is no set meter or rhyme scheme, though iambic pentameter or tetrameter is common.
Sonnette Invented by Sherman Ripley. It consists of 7 lines in pentameter, predominately iambic, with two stanzas, rhyming abba cbc. It is, essentially, half of a sonnet.
Spenserian Quintilla Stanzaic, written in any number of cinquains.
Syllabic, L1-L4 are 8 syllables each, L5 is 12 syllables.
Rhymed, axabb cxcdd etc x being unrhymed.
Spenserian Stanza The stanza has Nine lines and the main meter is iambic pentameter (10 syllables) over the first eight lines with a final line in iambic hexameter (12 syllables)
Rhyme Scheme: ababbcbcc, and typically has a caesura, or break, after the first three feet
Spiral Quatrain Stanzaic, 4  centered quatrains
Rhyme Scheme: abba        ccdd        efef        abba
syllabic               5/6/7/8   8/7/6/5   5/6/7/8   8/7/6/5
Staccato Created by Jan Turner, consists of two or more 6-line stanzas.
Interlaced rhyme betweent lines 1 and two
Rhyme scheme: a,a,b,b,c,c
Star Sevlin A heptastich, a poem in 7 lines.
iambic syllabic, iambic 4/6/8/6/8/6/4 syllables per line.
Rhyme scheme abbcaca.
centered on the page.
Strambotto A lyrical octave with three major versions.
Stave Stanza Sestet, metrical, isosyllabic lines, one or two refrain lines
Rhymed: aabbcC or AabbaA for three or more stanzas.
Streambed Quintet  Stanzaic, consisting of two or more quintets.
Each stanza is syllabic 7/4/5/3/5
Rhyme pattern: aabba
Streambed’s Ripple Syllabic: 10/8/10/8/10/10/10/8/10/8
Refrain:  Requires the last half of L5 to repeat in each stanza
Rhymed: xaxaBbxaxa xcxcBbxcxc xdxdBbxdxd
Stress Matrix Dectet This is a form Invented by British Poet Luke Prater
it comprises ten lines, ten syllables per line, following the rhyme-scheme/structure  aBa BcBc DcD where lowercase are iambic pentameter and uppercase are trochaic pentameter
Swap Ottava The form has an Ottava Rima framework in which the sections of the first line   are swapped to become the last line of the stanza.
Swap Quatrain Within the Swap Quatrain each stanza in the poem must be a quatrain (four lines) where the first line is reversed in the fourth line.
Sweetbriar  stanzaic, written in 2 sixains.
syllabic, 4-4-6-4-4-6 syllables per line.
rhymed, rhyme scheme xxaxxa xxaxxa.
Swinburne Decastitch  It is stanzaic, consisting of any number of stanzas.
It is Syllabic: 10/10/6/10/10/10/6/10/10/10
It is Rhymed: abbacdecde
It is composed in iambic meter.
Swinburne’s Double Sestina See Sestina – Swinburne’s Double, above.
Swinburne Octain Iambic and Trochaic Versions Rhyming pattern: ABccdbAB,
The “b” rhymes are all iambic trimeter,  all other lines  are feminine rhymes  utilizing footless iambic tetrameter. Plus there is a trochaic version.
Swinburne Quintet Unlimited number of quatrains, rhyming  abbab, with the first stanza repeated as closing refrain. Syllable 11/8/11/11/8.
Swinburne’s Rhymed Sestina Twelve-line, twelve stanza form with a six line envoi for the masochistic poet.
Symetrelle Stanzas of 1,2,4,2 and 1 lines
Syllabic: 7/9/11/9/7
Rhymed: AbbccccbbA
Refrain: 1st and last line.
Tableau  Stanzaic,   any number of   sixains or sestets.
isosyllabic, 5 syllable lines.
rhyme at the discretion of the poet.
written describing a single image.
written with a title that includes the word “tableau”
Tanaga A Filipino isosyllabic rhymed statzaic poem. 7/7/7/7
Tanaga Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Syllabic, 7-7-7-7 syllables per line.
Rhymed, originally aaaa bbbb cccc etc., modern Tanagas also use aabb ccdd etc or abba cddc etc or any combination rhyme can be used.
Tan Renga North America’s answer to the Japanese linked form Renku or Renga is to shorten the pattern and involve fewer poets.
Tanka The tanka is defined more by content and style than syllabic prescription, still most tanka like its ancestor the waka are confined by 31 onji or syllables and broken into 5 lines of 5-7-5-7-7.
Tawddgyrch Cadwynog Tawddgyrch Cadwynog
(TOWDD-girch ca-DOY-nog) This is a Welsh line form consisting of three to five sections of tetrasyllabic verse with abbc or abba rhyme that continues into the next line
Taylor Stanzaic, written in any number of cinquains.
Metric, iambic, L1 trimeter, L2 and L4 dimeter, L3 tetrameter, L5 monometer.
Rhymed or at least near rhymed ababb cdcdd efeff etc
Stanzaic, written in any number of cinquains.
Metric, iambic, L1 trimeter, L2 and L4 dimeter, L3 tetrameter, L5 monometer.
Rhymed or at least near rhymed ababb cdcdd efeff etc
Teacup Dictionary  The dictionary word is the title.
Each line must define the word but drops one syllable per line.
Last line is an observation containing the number of syllables in the title.
Poem is usually centered.
Teddy Poem Three sestets and a couple all in Alexandrine meter.
Tengahan Wukir Stanzaic, any number of 9 line stanzas.
Syllabic, 10-6-8-7-8-8-8-8-8 syllables per line.
Composed in a pattern of vowel sounds in the end syllable, not necessarily rhyme.
Tempo Composto Four quatrain stanzas,3 (2/3/3/12) + 2/3/3/4,, aaxx bbxx ccxx ddxx, Sponndee + Dactyl + Free Verse created by L. Allen Bacon aka Allen A Dale
Termelay A hexastich, a poem in 6 lines.
syllabic, 4-4-4-8-8-4 syllables per line.
unrhymed. Composed with a refrain, L3 is repeated as L6.
Tercou It is syllabic 5/4/5  5/4/5  8/6
Rhyme pattern  aba aba aa
No meter is required.  Invented by Amanda J. Norton
Terza Rima Chained rhyme aba bcb cdc ded d or aba bcb cdc ded dd , iambic pentameter optional, Line-length 11 syllables
Terzanelle ABA’ bCB cDc dED eFE fAFA’, iambic pentameter, Exactly 19 Lines refrain, rhymed, stanzaic
Tetractys  5 lines of 1, 2, 3, 4, 10 syllables (total of 20).
If more than one verse must follow suit with an inverted syllable count.Tetractys can also be reversed and written 10, 4, 3, 2, 1. Ray Stebbing.
Thailand Poetry
The Abercrombie Stanzaic, written in any number of octaves made up of 2 quatrains.
Metric, written in sprung rhythm with L1,L3,L5,L7 are pentameter, L2 & L6 are tetrameter and L4 & L8 is trimeter.
Rhymed, interlocking rhyme scheme abac dbdc, efeg hfhg, etc. L4 and L8 are feminine rhyme. The interlocking rhyme is within the octave and does not extend to the next octave
The Anna The Anna
A heptastich, a poem in 7 lines.
Metric, iambic pattern, L1 dimeter, L2 trimeter, L3 tetrameter, L4 pentameter, L5 tetrameter, L6 trimeter and L7 dimeter.
The Arnold Stanzaic, written in any even number of cinquains.
Metered, L1 through L4 are trimeter, L5 is hexameter.
Rhymed. L1 through L4 are alternating rhyme, L5 rhymes with line 5 of the next stanza. The L5 rhyme changes every 2 stanzas.
Rhyme scheme: ababc dedec fgfgh ijijh etc.
The Balance  4 cinquains.
The patterns of the cinquains change from stanza to stanza.
rhyme scheme Abcde edcba abcde edcbA.
 The Bridges  The Bridges is a stanzaic form with a formal tone created by the long and short lines and exact rhyme scheme. It is patterned after Nightingales by English poet Robert Bridges(1844-1930).
The Binyon A heptastich, a poem in 7 lines.
Metered, iambic tetrameter.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme AbccbaA.
The Blunden Metered, L1, L3, L4, L5 iambic tetrameter and L2, L6 iambic trimeter.
Stanzaic, any number of sexains or sixains (6 line stanzas).
Rhymed, rhyme scheme abccab deffde etc.
The Chesterson Stanzaic: Any number of sestets.
Metered: The 2nd and 6th line are Iambic trimeter, the rest iambic tetrameter.
Rhymed: abaaab
The de la Mare Stanzaic, written in any number of octaves made up of 2 quatrains.
Metered, quatrains of 3 tetrameter lines followed by a dimeter line.
Rhymed, xaxaxbxb xcxcxdxd etc. x being unrhymed.
Composed with alternating feminine and masculine end words, only the masculine end words are rhymed
The de Tabley Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Metric, alternating iambic pentameter and iambic trimeter lines. L1 of each stanza begins with a trochee
Rhymed, rhymed scheme abab cdcd etc.
The Dixon Stanzaic, written in any number of sixains made up of 2 tercets.
Metered, iambic trimeter
Rhymed, rhyme scheme aab ccb. The b rhymes are strong, masculine, the rhyme on a stressed end syllable. The a and c rhymes are feminine or falling rhymes, the rhyme is in the stressed syllable of an end word ending in an unstressed syllable.
The Dobson Stanzaic, written in any number of sixains made up of 3 Rhymed couplets.
Metered, most often written in tetrameter.
Rhyme scheme aabbcc ddeeff etc.
The Donna  A syllabic limerick without metric requirements
syllabic, lines of 8-6-4-4-6.
rhyme xabba, xcddc etc.
The Donne stanzaic, written in any number of sixains.
Metered, L1 through L4 are pentameter, L5 tetrameter and L6 is dimeter.
Rhymed, with an alternating rhyme scheme ababab. The rhyme scheme maintains the same 2 rhymes throughout the poem ababab ababab etc.
The Dowson Stanzaic, 2 quatrains.
Metered, L1-L3 pentameter, L2 trimeter, L4 dimeter.
Rhymed abab cdcd, L1-L3 of each stanza ends in feminine rhyme and L2-L4 is masculine rhyme.
The Fletcher The Fletcher
2 octaves made up of 2 quatrains each.
Metered, L1, L3, L5, L8 are pentameter and L2, L4, L6, L7 are dimeter*.
Rhymed ababcdcd efefghgh, L1 and L3 of each octave are feminine rhyme.
The Gilbert Stanzaic written in 3 septets.
Metered, L1,L3,L4,L6,L7 are tetrameter , L2 and L5 are trimeter.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme xabbacc xdeedff etc. x being unrhymed.
The Herrick Stanzaic, a poem of 4 quatrains. (16 lines)
Metered, alternating tetrameter and trimeter lines. Odd number lines are tetrameter ,even numbered lines are trimeter.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef ghgh. Odd numbered lines are masculine rhyme, even numbered lines have feminine rhyme.
The Kerf  A poem in 12 lines made up of 4 tercets.
syllabic, 6-7-10 per line.
rhymed, rhyme scheme abc abc dec dec.
The Kipling Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Metered, the odd numbered lines are hexameter, the even numbered lines are trimeter. The first metric foot of each line is an anapest followed by either 5 iambs or 2 iambs depending on the length of the line.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme (aa)b(cc)b (dd)e(ff)e etc. The odd numbered lines employ internal rhyme.
The Noyes Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Metered, iambic: L1,L2,L4 are trimeter, L3 is monometer.
Rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efeg ghgh.
The O’Shaughnessy Stanzaic, written in any number of octaves.
Metered, sprung rhythm, alternating trimeter and tetrameter lines. The odd number lines are trimeter and the even number lines are tetrameter.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme abababab. The odd numbered lines are feminine rhyme and the even numbered lines are masculine rhyme.
The Phillimore Stanzaic written in any number of octaves. (original poem has 6 octaves)
Metered, L1, L4,L6 and L8 are dimeter, L2,L3,L5, and L7 are pentameter.
Rhymed, aabbccdd.
The Russell Stanzaic written in any number of octaves. (original poem has 6 octaves)
Metered, L1, L4,L6 and L8 are dimeter, L2,L3,L5, and L7 are pentameter.
Rhymed, aabbccdd.
The Stephens Stanzaic, written in any number of sixains. (original poem has 5 sixains)
Accentual, dimeter.
Rhymed, ababxb cdcdxd etc. x being unrhymed.
Composed with feminine endings in the odd numbered lines L1, L3 and L5 and masculine rhyme in the even numbered lines L2, L4, L6.
The Stevenson An Octastitch made up of two quatrains.
Metric with L1-L3 and L5-L8 composed in IAMBIC TETRAMETER, and
with L4 and L8 composed of ANAPESTIC TRIMETER.
Each tetrameter line begins with a trochee foot substitution, and
each trimeter line contains an iamb foot substitution as foot two.
The Swinburne stanzaic, written in any number of septets.
metric, L1,L3,L5, & L6 are trimeter, L2 & L4 are dimeter, and L7 is pentameter.
rhymed ababcc(c/b) dedeff(f/e) etc, L1 & L3 have feminine or falling rhyme. The sixth syllable of L7 rhymes with L5 and L6.
The Tennyson Metric, iambic, L1-L4 are pentameter and L5 is dimeter.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme abbaC deedC fggfC etc.
Refrain: Written in with L5 as a refrain repeated from stanza to stanza.
The Thorley Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Metered, accentual with alternating lines of L1 & L3 with 5 heavy stesses and L2 & L4 with 3 heavy stresses. The trimeter lines have feminine endings.
The Trench Stanzaic, may be written in any number of cinquains.
Metered, L1, L2, L4 pentameter, L3 dimeter, L5 trimeter.
Rhymed axbab, cxdcd etc., x being unrhymed
The Yeats An octastich, a poem in 8 lines.
Metric, accentual 3 heavy stresses per line.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme xaxaxaxa x being unrhymed. The even numbered lines have feminine or falling end syllables.
Tho Bay Chu Stanzaic: any number of quatrains,
7 words per line
Tonal rhyme at discretion of poet.
Tho Bon Chu Tho Bon Chu or Four Word Verse is written as its name implies, measuring the number of words per line rather than syllables.
Tho Sau Chu Tho Sau Chu or Six Word Verse is measured by word count and uses either alternate or envelope rhyme. It can be written in quatrains or octaves. When written in octaves it is called Six-Eight Poetry
Tho Tam Chu Stanzaic, written in any number of either tercets, quatrains or septets.
measured by the number of words in the line, 8 word per line.
Time Coupletnelle Syllabic,9/8/7/6/7/8/9/9,Stanzaic,rhymed,AabbccddccddaA*AA*,refrain, Exactly 16 lines,meter optional. Alberto Jose Alvarez Gonzalez
Tina’s Zigzag Rhyme Tina’s Zigzag Rhyme
It starts with a sestet, refrain, quatrain, refrain and quatrain.
It must be uplifting subject.
Rhyme in first two lines is at left,
next rhyme is center in lines 3 and 4,
and rhyme in lines 5 and 6 is an end rhyme.
Refrain is first two lines of poem.
Toddaid Codified Welsh meter
Stanzac, written in any number of couplets.
Syllabic, L1 is a 10 syllable line and L2 is a 9 syllable line.
Rhymed, the main rhyme aa – cc – dd etc.
Top Glose Stanzaic: consisting of as many stanzas, as there are lines in your texte,
(which is the first few lines of another’s peom)
each having a line length of the poets choosing
Metered: With a consistent meter of the poet’s choosing
Rhymed or not with a pattern of the poet’s choosing
Formulaic: Each line of the texte shall be the first line of a stanza
Tory Meter Syllabic, 2/4/6/8/10/12/10/8/6/4/2, refrain, rhymed,
Created by Victoria Sutton
Totok A poem in 4 lines.
Accentual syllabic, anapestic tetrameter.
Tree of Life A poem in 19 lines.
Syllabic, 1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/4/4/4/4/4/4.
Centered on the page.
Trian Rannaigechta Moire Trian Rannaigechta Moire is a dan direach meter of ancient Celtic or Irish Verse Forms written in short lines with consonant rhyme, cywddydd (harmony of sound) and dunadh (beginning and ending the poem with the same word, syllable or phrase.
Trianglet A decastich, a poem in 10 lines.
Syllabic, 1/2/3/4/5/5/4/3/2/1 syllables per line.
Rhymed, rhyme scheme AbcxddxcbA
Trichain Stanzaic: Consisting of 3 or more quatrains.
Metered: Each quatrain consists of 3 lines of iambic tetrameter and one line of iambic trimeter.
Rhyme Scheme: aaab cccb dddb
Trick Poetry Various examples and LINKS from this blog and my sonnet blog of various kinds of trick poetry.
Tri-Duet The author provided no other specifications than that the poem must consist of six or more tercets, but in his sample poem the first two lines were shorter than the third.
Rhyme pattern aab ccb dde ffe ggh iif
Tri-Fall The Tri-fall, created by Jan Turner,
consists three 6-line stanzas, for a total of 18 lines.
Rhyme Scheme: abcabc  
Line-length  for each stanza is as follows: 6/3/8/6/3/8.
Trifrain This is a form with any number of quatrains, usually written in iambic tetrameter.
All lines except the last are mono-rhymed.
The last is a refrain, being the first four syllables of line one repeated.
Trijan Refrain 3 nine line stanzas, refrain, rhymed ababccddc,
Syllabic 8/6/8/6/8/4/8/4/8,
Created by Jan Turner
Trilinea A tristitch, syllabic, 4/8/4, rhyming aba, using the word “rose”
Trimeric  A four stanza poem in which the first stanza has four lines
and the last three stanzas have three lines each, with the first line of each repeating the respective line of the first stanza
Trine A poem in 9 lines made up of 3 rhymed couplets followed by a tercet.
• isosyllabic, (same syllable count), using the French Heroic line, the Alexandrine, would be appropriate but I don’t think it is a prerequisite. (I use 9 syllable lines in the example below.)
• rhymed, rhyme scheme aabbccabc.
Trinet Word count form of 3 or more 7 line stanzas
Triolet line-length optional,  meter optional, Only 8 lines, refrain,
rhymed ABaAabAB
Trilonnet Four three-line verses and one rhyming couplet iambic tetrameter or iambic pentameter Each 3 line verse is an unrhymed triplet 2 rhyme schemes: abc abc abc abc dd  or abc cba abc cba dd
Triple Rebel Round The poem consists of Three 5-line stanzas
There are two styles,each having a triplet mono-rhyme.
Version 1:  aaaBB cccBB dddBB
 Version 2:  aaBBB ccBBB ddBBB
Triple Stance Triple Stance
Stanzaic: Consisting of any number of sestets
Metered: Each stanza consisting of 4 lines of iambic dimeter, and 2 lines of iambic trimeter.
Rhyme Pattern: abcabc, where the a-rhymes are feminine
Triplet (Classic) A classic triplet is:
• a 3 line poem or stanza.
• monorhymed, aaa bbb.
• metered at the discretion of the poet. mpty
Triname or Triple Acrostic Triname Acrostic is a combination Compound Acrostic and a Mesostich. It was introduced by Patricia A Farnsworth-Simpson. The title should be the same as the word spelled in the left margin.
Triquain syllabic 3/6/9/12/9/6/3 7 unrhymed lines
Always centered, Created by Shelly Cephas
Triquatrain “Jack and Jill Rhyme”  (a-a)b(c-c)b
Triquint  3 verses, 5 lines each. Lines 3 and 4 of verse 1 (Refrain) repeat in verses 2 and 3. The syllable count for each stanza is 9, 7, 5, 3, 1 and has an aaAAb rhyme scheme
Trisect A complex formulaic form which might appeal to the masochist, but which is one of the very few I have included here without attempting myself.
Tritina Lexical 10 lines  123 321 231 (123)
Trochadiddle  It is syllabic, each stanza being 10/10/6/5 syllables.
Rhymes: aabcbc, where the b-rhymes are feminine.
Trochee LaGrange 8/5/8/5  Trochee, anapest, abab, where a-rhymes are feminine
Trois-par-Huit  A syllable for of 3,6,9,12,12,9,6,3, with two tercets and a couplet.  It is thematic with last line being the title.
Troisieme Stanzaic, written in 3 tercets followed by a couplet.
Syllabic, L1-L9 are 9 syllables each, L10, L11 are 11 syllables each.
Trolaan Trolaan, created by Valerie Peterson Brown,
is a poem consisting of 4 quatrains.
Each quatrain begins with the same letter. The rhyme scheme is abab.
Twin-Rhymer The poem is a strophe of any even number of lines.
Meter: Tetrameter lines, consisting of primarily of:
Iamb + Amphibrach +2 iambs
Rhyme pattern: alternating rhymes, also called cross-rhyme i.e., ababab
Twisted End Four or five tercet stanzas with independent mono-rhyme.
There is no line-length or meter requirement.The defining requirement of the form is that some part  of each of the first two lines be “twisted”together in forming the third stanza line which MUST INCLUDE INTERNAL RHYME.
Tyburn 4 lines of 2 syllables each (descriptive) incorporated into 2 lines of 9 syllables each.
Ukiah Sometimes known as Reverse Rhyming Haiku
Syllables: 7/5/7   Monorhyme


An ambiguos form:
It is either rhymed or not.
It is either syllabic or word-based.
It is either centered or left justified.
The number of (syllables or words) per line is 2/3/4/3/5/5/4/6
If rhymed the rhymed scheme must be ababcbca.
Veltanelle  Stanzaic, written in no more than 3 sixains.
syllabic, 10-6-10-6-10-10 syllalbes per line.
rhymed ababcc dededeff ghghghii.
Vers Beaucoup Stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
Metered at the discretion of the poet.
Rhymed, including multiple internal rhyme sounds.
Rhyme scheme (a-a-a)(a-b-b)(b-c-c)(c-d-d) (e-e-e)(e-f-f)(f-g-g)(g-h-h)etc.
Verso-Rhyme An octastich, a poem in 8 lines.
Syllabic, 6-4-6-4-6-4-6-4 syllables per line.
Rhyme, xaxbxaxb. x being unrhymed.
Vignette In free verse style
Vignette (Form) The Vignette is also the name of a syllabic invented verse form introduced by Fozari Rockwood found in Pathways for the Poet by Viola Berg 1977
Villancico A stanzaic poem of 20 lines, 2 sestets plus and octet
Syllabic: The first four lines of each stanza are 7 syllable, the remainder 6 syllables
Rhymed: ababAC1 dedeDC2 ccccAC1DC2.
Refrains indicated by the Capital letters
Villanelle Dual Refrain  AbA’ abA abA’ abA abA’ abAA’
Villonnet A Villonnet is a hybrid of the Villanelle and the Sonnet. It has the Iambic Pentameter of both, but holds the four-stanza/line structure of the sonnet, while utilizing the two-line rhyme nature of the villanelle. The final stanza replaces the sonnet couplet with a typical villanelle tercet.
Violette stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains.
syllabic, 6-6-6-4 syllables per line.
rhymed, feminine rhyme used aaab cccb dddb
Waltz Wave  19 line syllabic poem
Pattern:   1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 4, 3, 2, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 1
Welsh Forms The 24 Official Meters of Welsh Poetry
Wheelchair Angel Style A shape poem in 25 lines.
Syllabic, 2-2-3-4-3-2-1-3 5-8-8-8-10-8-8-8-8-8-8 4-4-6-4-4 10.
L20 thru L24 are split, to create the illusion of wheels.
Whitney  Seven line poem
Syllable Pattern:  3, 4, 3, 4, 3, 4, 7
Whyquain It is a single verse of five iambic tetrameter lines in monorhyme
which answers some asked or un-asked question. Created by Gloria Kim
Wordflair A refrain form consisting of a minimum of two sestets
Rhyme scheme ababcC.  Meter and line length optional.
Wounded Couplet  It is stanzaic, consisting of any number of octains.
It is syllabic 10/10/6/10/10/10/10/10
It is metric, using iambic meter.
It is rhymed, the pattern being: abccbadd
Wrapped Refrain #1 Created by Jan Turner, consists of 2 or more stanzas of 6 lines each;
Wrapped Refrain #2 Syllabic: 14, 14, 8, 8, 8, 8, 14, 14

Rhyme Scheme: a,a,b,b,c,c,d,d.  Created by Jan Turner

Wreath Every line is linked to the line preceding it a word or by derivation of a word  in the preceding line or by a homonym of   that word, or apparently by a derivative of a false rhyme of that word.
Wreathed and Un-wreathed Octave An Octave requiring interlaced rhyme.
Wreathed and Un-wreathed Quatrain An Quatrain requiring interlaced rhyme.
Wreathed and Un-wreathed Sestet A sestet requiring interlaced rhyme.
YaDu Syllabic, 4/4/4/4/5 to 11, straircase rhyme, topical, Burmese
Ya Hoo Syllabic, staircase rhyme left and right, not topical
Yabba Dabba Do A syllabic poem of 12 lines, largely iambic pentameter.

ZaniLa Rhyme
Stanzaic, syllabic, 9/7/9/9, abcb, internal rhyme L3, refrain S1L3, min 12L, max none, meter none, created by Laura Lamarca
Zanze syllabic, 8-8-8-8 6-6-6-6 4-4-4-4 2-4-6-8 syllables per line.
rhymed, Abab cdcd efef gagA.  Multiple internal refrains
Zejel  The overall rhyming scheme for the poem is aaa/bbba/ccca/ddda/.
Zeno A poem of 10 lines invented by J. Patrick Lewis,
syllabic: 8/4/2/1/4/2/1/4/2/1
Rhyme scheme: abcdefdghd
Zip A two line poem, each line with a caesura composed of a double space.

Last added
Bref Double
Meisenheimer Sestet
Rosarian Ode
Sapphis Stanza
Streambed’s Ripple

Ocarina – Rhymed

I have no idea who created this form. Thanks to Sara Gosa of for bringing it to my attention.
I can only tell you that it was published in the January 25, 1912 edition of New Age, and was written by Author Tulloch Cull.

To Anna Pavlova (Ocarina)
(In her dance “Le Cygne ” Musique de Saint-Saëns.)
There came to me a vision of sweet song
Borne faintly forward on melodious streams,
A white Chimaera such as stirs the dreams
Of men, who sleep in solitudes and long
To people the dead wastes with strange desire
And breathe between the lips of ancient Death
Stretched mummified in deserts that new breath
That should revive them with its living fire.
White was the vision, white as fiercest fire
And paler far its face than pallid Death,
Begotten of that brood, the Swan’s desire
Raised from frail Leda with its hissing breath.
And as it came its superhuman song
Sang of all those, whom wide relentless streams
Divide from their beloved, towards whom they long,
But whom they ne’er may clasp except in dreams.
They strain to one another in their dreams
But never hear their lovers’ silent song
Pass spectrelike with gliding feet along
The halls of Sleep to Lethe’s stealthy streams
Till conies Old Age, a fouler foe than Death,
To mar the house of their divine desire
And smother with white ashes their young fire
Stifling their bodies’ perfumes with his breath.
Who of us mortals with ephemeral breath
That saw the vision, did not straight desire
To pass from perfect happiness to death
A holocaust of joy within the fire beneath
That from your cloudlike eyelids streams.
Having for elegy your supreme song
I would have died your death and passed to dreams
On that white breast, for which I longed so long.
Half goddess and half swan, you seemed to long
With yearning eyes for those immortal dreams
Of far Olympus, where Peneus streams
Through Tempe’s hallowed vale. Yet in the song
Of feet and face and form I saw the fire
Of love for men, whose evanescent breath
Lends charm to wayward pleasures, watched by Death,
Who casts a glamour on short-lived desire.
All mortal sufferings and vain desire
Wept from your eyes and shook your tortured breath.
Yea, goddess though you were, the immortal fire
That shone from your white shape grew dim as Death.
I questioned of your Sorrow-Did you long
For Youth’s brief summer passed in rhythmic dreams
By winding ways of water, where the song
Of many birds mixed with the murmuring streams?
But though no answer pierced the plash of streams
Your arms that wavered swan-like seemed to long
And beckon for some mystery, which song
Might not reveal lying hid beyond our dreams.
Was it eternal youth, that your last breath
Invoked with prayers so passionate, that fire
Rekindled in those eyes, whose last desire
Was unto life, till clanked the feet of Death?
For as you felt the drear approach of Death,
Your limbs relaxed and from your eyes the fire
Fled fainting forth : You drew one sobbing breath
That shook your shuddering wings, and your desire
Quailed before Death : Your hair, where darkness dreams,
Where Moon and Stars hold festival along
With queenly Night, fell forward in dark streams
About your face, and silenced was your song.
Anna, my dreams find voice within the song
That from the fire of your sweet footsteps streams.
Though dreams and breath and song may pass along
Death’s ways, yet my desire defieth Death.
Author Notes
This poem appears in the January 25, 1912 edition of New Age. Found at library.brown .edu

Pasted from–Ocarina–by-A.-Tulloch-Cull

The Ocarina – Rhymed
A sestina discipline using 8 lines per verse and a 4 line enjoy for a 68 line poem

MUST be used to write a rhyming poem.
Its structure schematic is
With the envoy:
I corrected the occurrence of the words to create complete rhyme which the sample poem did not possess.
31 / 28 / 74 / 65Giving couplet internal rhyme and alternating end-rhyme

Rhyme scheme: Alternating envelope and alternate rhyme.
Rhyme pattern: 
1st abbacddc
2nd cdcdabab
3rd baabdccd
4th dcdcbaba
5th abbacddc
6th cdcdabab
7th baabdccd
8th dcdcbaba


Related forms: Bina, Canzone, Decrina, Newman Sestina, OcarinaOcarina – RhymedQuartina, Quintina, Sestina, Sestina – RhymedSidney’s Double Sestina, Tritina 

My Example

Christians for Breakfast (Ocarinai – Rhymed)

When people meet for breakfast just to pray
you know already they’ve a certain mind
a homogeneous group (all of one kind)
with similar beliefs upon display.
While all may not attend with spirit pure,
proclaiming Christ as lord still seems the rule.
Electorate they think they have to fool;
avowing unity makes men secure

I do not need to pray to be secure
I need a leader capable to rule.
He must embrace the tainted and the pure
and not in public act like such a fool.
The fact that all denominations pray
and deem they’re right, brings logic to my mind.
Is faith a no-lose place in which to play?
I denigrate them not, but I’m just kind.

I tolerate religions that are kind
and ask for things of goodness when they pray
but not those bringing evil into play
It’s dominance of others that I mind.
It’s easy to endorse the golden rule
and teaching benefits of staying pure
but Islam’s aim is clearly to secure
a dominance envisioned by a fool.

Now president Barrack has played the fool.
In race nor religion is Barry pure
so he had attributes to let him rule
as mediator making folks secure,
instead he’s pumped up strife in people’s mind.
Attacking Christians who came here to pray
for focusing on Moslems who aren’t kind-
revenge for the crusades is just fair play

By bringing those crusades now into play
(which were the Churches own response in kind)
to suppression of Christian life and mind
The Christians found it did no good to pray.
Nor will it ever. Men to be secure
must charge with force against the raging fool
who deems a pretend Caliphate must rule,
and fantasizes gift of virgins pure.

When extant spirituality’s pure,
one needs no fables fostered by a fool.
Connection to something makes one secure,
requiring no support from dogma’s rule.
A church is often but a place to play
at being good, where one can get a kind
of forgiveness for oft becoming prey
to urges which slip unbidden into mind

I don’t need dogma policing my mind
I know what’s right in thought and work and play,
and to know that, I never had to pray.
I really doubt that dogma makes one kind.
One’s character makes him a prince or fool.
Without a heaven I feel quite secure,
and fearing hell does not keep people pure
Dispense with dogma, let your conscious rule

The Koran preaches violence as the rule
all power to the Imam to secure
Though raised in Islam, Barry thought he’d fool
the public spouting eloquence and pure
nonsense about a change of different kind
none thought he’d bring religion into play.
Does evil infiltration come to mind?
‘Twould not be bad if all he did was pray

I did not mind the breakfast meet to pray;
‘Twas less than kind to put such hate in play
He fosters pure dissent, the bloody fool
Men will secure themselves from Islam rule.

© Lawrencealot – February 9, 2015


I noticed that there were two gaps in the series of Sestina-like poetry form.  This fills one of those.
Quintina  –
Keyword Requirement
Five line version of the Sestina with end-word enfolding.
Created by Lawrence R. Eberhart
Origin: USA
Example poem
Will Google Know? (Quintina)Intelligent devices in each home,
has been a goal for Nest-they’ve led the way
with thermostats that learn their master’s wants
as actions tell them all they need to know.
Now Google bought Nest; you know what that means.

They’ve added sensors to their mining means.
What you like and frequently view they know
already. Photographs along the way
may show your house if any person wants
wants virtual travel on streets to your home.

Where you take pictures, they know by the way,
from cell-phone sensors when you leave your home,
and e-mail topic they already know
No cell or e-mail? This gives other means
to know some more about your daily wants.

They claim that privacy rules but you know
about a camel’s nose and growing wants
and Google tie-ins and just what that means.
The Nest products enhance a modern home,
providing cost-savings along the way.

If unconcerned for any one who wants
that data for less than scrupulous means
and one can spoof their own device at home
and benefit from pets another way
so sensors might not know just what they know.

Are you at home, or have you gone away?
If Google wants to know they’ll have the means.

© January 15, 2014 – Lawrencealot

Visual Template


Structure, Metrical Requirement, End Word Requirement, Isosyllabic
Sestina with eight lines per verse for a total of 68 lines.
Attributed to:
Bob Newman
With the envoy:
12 / 34 / 56 / 78
Rhythm/Stanza Length:
Line/Poem Length: 

Thanks to Charles L. Weatherford.

Note: on Feb 7, 2015, it was brought to my attention Ocarina existed in 1912 with a rhyming schematic.

I will interpret the schematic and list it separately as  Ocarina – Rhymed.

Example Poem
Our Special Place     (Ocarina)
We both embrace this very special place.
When we feel stressed we come for play and rest
it seems sedate and wills all woes to wait.
Don’t you abhor the daily quest for more,
the circular rat-race, the hectic pace
that takes away the willingness to play?
I feel no need to cuss and join the rush
to join the game without our taking aim.
When first we came seclusion was our aim.
Here is a space with tranquil quiet pace
Who would have guessed that just by seeking rest
we’d find a lust for nature’s thrilling rush.
We set out to explore the place, and more,
each other’s face, less lined when in this place.
Most everyday we find that we must play
and let the freight of daily commerce wait.
Arriving late, I caused for you a wait,
but you weren’t sore at all; there’s so much more
encasing one in splendor that the pace
of life gives way and waiting too,  is play.
Your sudden blush invited me to rush
for thoughts un-tame had warned of my aim.
With no disgrace we sanctified the place
as we progressed from urgency, to rest
Upon your breast I’ll lay my hand and rest
among the brush, no longer in a rush.
We swim, explore, embrace in lust once more-
enjoy the pace afforded by this place,
the air’s sachet, the squirrels near, at play.
When calmed by mate the world can always wait-
no other game shares a more lofty aim
than kissing face and slowing down our pace.
At home a flash of lace turns up the pace
at end of day and says you want to play,
but here no such a proxy starts my rush;
natural nudeness claims our bodies’ aim.
My fingers trace pathways to everyplace
where I have pressed my lips and all the rest
I plan to sate with out delay, but wait
we both adore the wait; we’ll wait some more.
The forest floor, one blanket, nothing more
this is our base that turns this tranquil place
with water’s spray into a place to play
and actuate our fantasies and wait
and frame thoughts seeking any greater aim.
There is no race and we both love this pace,
though I’m molested ’til I need a rest.
I would have to blush were it not a rush.
There’s still the push to weekly join the rush
and play that game which is commerce’s aim.
We chase the credits in the market place
Though not obsessed we act just like the rest
and that equates to working while we wait
the week-end to restore ourselves once more.
It’s not the case that we can’t stand the pace
of life’s buffet- we just take time to play.
It’s quite cliché you must mix work and play-
accommodate the mundane while you wait
for fame and wealth if that ‘s part of your aim.
Yet you can brace your soul at any pace
and live with zest if you take time to rest.
Avoid the crush resulting from the rush
and go explore a place where less is more
and in our case that means our special place.
This is a place where both of us may rest,
where waters wait and pause before their more
determined pace resumes, and we can play
without the rush that sometimes seems our aim.
© Lawrencealot – January 10, 2014
Visual Template

Sidney’s Double Sestina

This is posted only for the specifications.  This poet having recently penned a Quartina, an Ocrina,  a Decrina and a Canzone has come up dry at the moment for inspiration for this 75 line poem.
Sidney’s Double Sestina
Structure, Metrical Requirement, End Word Requirement, Isosyllabic
Sir Phillip Sidney wrote a double sestina where the pattern was just duplicated in verses 7-12, while his envoy had the scheme: 5/2 3/4 1/6. At least he wasn’t as dotty as Swinburne.
Attributed to:
Sir Phillip Sidney
Envoy: 5/2 3/4 1/6.
Rhythm/Stanza Length:
Line/Poem Length:


I am simply including the inventor’s description here, but note, in my template, I have replaced the capital letters with numbers to indicate the chosen words.
I feel this is more conventional or soon should be.
The canzone is an Italian form with strong similarities to the sestina. There are no rhymes; instead there are five keywords that determine the structure of the poem. Every line of the poem – and there are 65 lines altogether – ends with one of the keywords, which must appear in a prescribed order.
Here’s one I made earlier:
As will be plain to people of good taste,
The least sense of the five is that of smell,
An adjunct merely to ones sense of taste.
Bananas, say, you know best by their taste.
The skin’s not that distinctive to the touch,
But no-one ever could mistake the taste!
That subtly tangy creamy fruity taste!
Now stick one in your ear. What do you hear?
Be honest – there is nothing there to hear.
The whole point of bananas is their taste.
And look at them – there’s not a lot to see.
A yellow boomerang – that’s all you see.
Although perhaps there is more you can see.
On second thoughts, perhaps sight rivals taste.
From looking at its colour, you can see
Whether it’s ripe enough to eat, and see
If it is over-ripe and rank. Though smell
Can tell you that as well, that I can see.
The shape is something else that you can see.
You could of course detect the shape by touch,
But that’s an overrated sense, is touch.
My policy’s believing what I see –
A pretty common one, from what I hear.
Though I don’t credit everything I hear.
You’re bats if you choose fruit by what you hear.
There’s no excuse for that that I can see.
But with a radio you need to hear.
That is the whole point after all, to hear.
With radios there is no role for taste;
It’s all about the programmes you can hear.
It’s true that maybe now and then you’ll hear
A programme on bananas and their smell;
Technology can’t help you smell the smell;
The smell must be evoked by what you hear.
There’s one potentially confusing touch
Called scratch-’n’-sniff – smell comes from what you touch!
Which proves, perhaps, the primacy of touch,
Though here it’s just augmenting what you hear.
In silent moments you can still use touch.
Bananas have some lovely bits to touch –
There’s more that you can feel than you can see.
The curve; which end is which; all told by touch.
To peel one you must use your sense of touch.
You have to peel the thing before you taste…
But there’s more to it than what you can taste.
If wiggled slightly, with a gentle touch,
It will trisect – releasing waves of smell.
The fifth sense, and the least, the sense of smell.
Still, few things are evocative as smell.
Though mankiness you can detect by touch,
It’s better for that to rely on smell.
You needn’t wash your hands if you just smell.
You ought to smell bananas first, d’you hear?
If they are good it’s quite a different smell,
A really very pleasant sort of smell,
And that’s why you should smell your fruit, you see.
It sometimes tells you things that you can’t see.
Bananas with the true banana smell
Are fruit that it is safe for you to taste.
That’s what it’s all about, of course – the taste.
Sometimes a poem leaves an aftertaste,
Some slight suspicion of a musty smell,
The nagging fear the poet’s lost his touch,
Acquired a wooden ear with with which to hear…
Such faults the bard himself can never see.
“Mankiness” may be a Britishism. “Manky” means “rotten, bad, nasty”. It comes from either Scots, or English dialect, or Polari (homosexual slang), depending on which dictionary you believe.
Anyway, as you see, there are five stanzas of twelve lines each, followed by a five-line envoi (which I am tempted to call a tornada, as for the sestina). The pattern of the keywords goes like this:
    stanza 1: ABAACAADDAEE
    stanza 2: EAEEBEECCEDD
    stanza 3: DEDDADDBBDCC
    stanza 4: CDCCECCAACBB
    stanza 5: BCBBDBBEEBAA
    envoi:      ABCDE
No particular line length or metre is prescribed.
Other structures are possible, apparently, but I have never seen any of them. The one used here is supposed to be the most common (in so far as any kind of canzone could be described as common).
Anyone addicted to writing sestinas should be encouraged to write canzones instead, as a kind of aversion therapy. The canzone goes on too long to be enjoyable for either writer or reader, in my opinion.
A big thanks to Bob Newman for the fine Volecentral resource.
My example
Impatient Pleas     (Cazone)
Come lie with me you pretty, pretty thing,
and let us stop our toying with our words. 
Your flirting with me started off this thing 
and now my mind’s rejecting any thing 
but ideas of you- no other thoughts 
seem even to amount to anything 
because to lie with you’s the only thing 
that promises to make my soul my own. 
My mind minds not directions of my own 
for I most work and tell it that the thing 
I want with you can’t be the first and last 
thoughts each hour should I want my job to last. 
You’re such a curvy and becoming thing; 
you beauty leaves me lacking proper words. 
You are a woman for man’s betrothing 
for character shines through without sleuthing. 
although a lesser man may hold out thoughts 
that you would be the optimum plaything, 
once stripped of outer and underclothing. 
It is my plan to take you as my own 
while cognizant you’re not a thing to own. 
Instruct what I must do- I’ll do that thing. 
You’re smitten now, and I want that to last 
I’m not your first but wish to be your last. 
How can such ardor ever hope to last- 
It seems almost a supernatural thing? 
When we first kissed I thought “Oh,God! at last” 
I’ve lived, so now fulfilled, can breathe my last. 
Let Lethe leave behind those unsaid words 
for now I wish this mortal life to last 
for even should I find my soul will last 
I want to cherish you in more than thoughts. 
You must be bundled up with loving thoughts 
accumulated and well built to last 
so when the physical’s not ours to own 
your memories will conjoin with my own. 
This is the year that we should make our own 
I’ll build a future we’re assured will last. 
I’ll give you confidence that you will own 
all pieces of that heart I called my own. 
And parsing out my heart’s no little thing 
because it’s always only been my own 
and you may have it- while it’s still my own. 
You’ll not have to rely upon my words 
for acttions will be louder than mere words 
and bringing joy to you provides my own. 
So frequently I find you in my thoughts 
and frequently they’re very sexy thoughts. 
When we’re apart you’re with me in my thoughts 
and nature makes all scenery my own. 
The whispers leaves exchange are surely thoughts 
about your luscious form and babbling thoughts 
voiced by the chuckling stream recalls the last 
time it lapped where my illicit thoughts 
will wander although more productive thoughts 
would fit the scheme.  There’s no more sensual thing 
than promised passion- not a single thing 
comes close.  the anticipatory thoughts 
may eclipse the act and mock any words 
which may be writ, for they are only words. 
Just know that when you penned the pretty words 
of a sweet kingdom stirred, that my own thoughts 
already were in tune with just those words; 
there’ll be no pining there in other words 
for my impatience equal to your own 
confronts and overcomes delays, and words 
are not required to hasten me, though words 
from you are like a siren first and last 
that cannot be ignored.  I know you’ll last 
as long as I; I’m burning beyond words 
so hesitation will not be a thing 
permitted as you are my everything. 
Be anxious for that “touch of soft skin” thing. 
Do not expect a waste of time with words. 
A sensual script will emanate from thoughts 
when my urgency meets your very own 
Each time, I’ll feel like saying, “here at last”.


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Structure, End Word Requirement
The four-line stanza version of the sestina with the typical end-word enfolding.
Attributed to:
Bob Newman
12 / 34
Rhythm/Stanza Length:
Line/Poem Length:
Another variation for which I accept full responsibility is the quartina.  This uses the same idea as the sestina but only has 4 keywords, hence is only 18 lines long. Here’s one:
This is the day when we shall see the moon
Dispute the morning sky; usurp the sun;
Beshroud the world in unaccustomed dark.
We know this – and we know it won’t last long.
This is the day; the wait will not be long
Until we’re on the dark side of the moon.
Unseen by us, our life-giver, the sun,
Will impotently rage against the dark.
The birds, lulled into silence by the dark,
Will tuck heads under wings – but not for long.
Two minutes only, this night of the moon,
Before the sky is reclaimed by the sun.
Though there is nothing new under the sun,
All seems new at the dying of the dark.
A second full dawn chorus, loud and long
Will celebrate the passing of the moon.
Don’t worry when the moon obscures the sun.
Although the day be dark, it won’t be long.
I chose the name “quartina” so that I could write flawed ones.
© Bob Newman 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007. All rights reserved
My thanks to Bob Newman for his wonderful resource site.

My Example Poem

Do You Suppose?     (Quartina)

A girl well knows what means a rose
when she can get one from a man.
Of course she might prefer a Porsche;
the goal then might be mistress role.
If rolling in the hay’s your role
I don’t suppose you need a rose.
If much elan defines your man
Of course one might expect a Porsche
It’s never coarse to own a Porsche
or take control of your own role,
but heaven knows a red, red rose
might show the game-plan of a man.
I really can picture a man
who owns a horse, but not a Porsche
with plenty soul for either role
who might propose with just one rose.
So take the rose and love the man
forget the Porsche and part-time role.
© Lawrencealot – January 8, 2013


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This is a Quartina ( in iambic tetrameter with added internal rhyme)



Newman Sestina

The Newman sestina is a standard Sestina (See Here) with only the following added requirement:  Each of the six keywords Must Be an anagram of one another.
Newman sestina
This is a standard (unrhymed) sestina in which all the keywords are anagrams of one another. I was challenged to write such a thing by one of my son’s school friends. Just to prove it can be done: 
Rambling in Tresco
A Scilly sestina
Last Wednesday there were questions in the Cortes
From Miguel Martinez, MP and coster,
Concerning an endangered fowl, the scoter,
Much traded in the thriving private sector,
Delicious roasted in a bacon corset,
A dish so prized it merits an armed escort.

Martinez left for home in his Ford Escort.
Alas, he’ll speak no more before the Cortes,
For Semtex slyly planted in his corset
Was detonated by another coster
With interests in the wildfowl trading sector,
A specialist in ptarmigan and scoter.

What virtue, to lay down one’s life for scoter!
May choirs of angels strum their harps and escort
This hero straight to heaven’s swishest sector!
Meanwhile, his bill’s in trouble in the Cortes –
No sponsor since we lost our gallant coster;
Debating time’s as tight as any corset.

“The currency regime we call the corset
Is more important far than any scoter.”
So says the Chancellor. But wait! Our coster
Has friends who know some girls who sometimes escort
The Chancellor when he’s not in the Cortes,
Who work in, shall we say, the private sector

And also in the Chancellor’s privates sector,
And wear the most suggestive style of corset.
A scandal! And the Chancellor quits the Cortes
Thus leaving ample time to save the scoter.
Relief, my ducks, as into law they escort
The bill so ably drafted by the coster.

So honour be to Martinez the coster
Great benefactor of the wildfowl sector!
For thanks to him birds get an Air Force escort.
(It’s cheaper than the monetary corset).
His name shall be the toast of every scoter.
Right wondrous are the doings of the Cortes!

Now like stout Cortes in the Darien sector,
I marvel at the coster and the corset,
And at the scoter flying with their escort.
Manifold magazine held a competition for poems in this ridiculous form, which the editor named the Newman sestina in my honour.
© Bob Newman 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007. All rights reserved
My thanks always to Bob Newman for his wonderful resource.

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Structure, End Word Requirement, Isosyllabic
10-keyword version of a sestina for 105 lines.
Attributed to:
Bob Newman
End-word enfolding pattern:
Rhythm/Stanza Length:
Line/Poem Length:
A big thanks to Bob Newman.
  • Decrina is a longer version of the Sestina attributed to Bob Neuman but I couldn’t find it at his website Poetry By Way. I did find it at Poetry Basehowever. Having written a Sestina, I can’t imagine why anyone would even consider attempting a longer version of the form.The Decrina is:
    • stanzaic, ten 10 line stanzas with a 5 line envoy, a total of 105 lines.
    • metered, lines of equal length, like the Sestina, iambic pentameter or iambic tetrameter.
    • repeated end words in a specific pattern. (Numbers represent words)
      I can only assume the envoy is like the Sestina with even #ed words midline and odd #ed words as end words. 0-9,8-7,6-5,4-3,2-1
A big thanks to Judi Van Gorder
My Example Poem
Non-Compliant (Decrina)
Catherine born of Spanish royalty
was destined from her crib to be a queen.
Fredinand and Isabel ruled people
of Aragon, Leon and Castile, all
with an unquestioned linage their daughter
would inherit with devotion to God
through Catholicism that never wavered.
At age of three a treaty pledged the crown
of English queen would be reserved forher,
she spent her youth preparing for that time.

She was to wed Arthur and become queen
when he ascended the throne but all
was modified, first by the acts of God
Then by the machinations of the crown.
Henry the seventh wanted at one time
to wed her to enhance his royalty
That would never help the Spanish people
or King; there’d be no role for his daughter,
in kingdom’s design; he never wavered
for Ferdinand expected much from her.

She was Princess of  Wales and loved by all
before young Arthur died.  She had no crown
and now was no part of the royalty.
A treaty next pledged Ferdinand’s daughter,
to Arthur’s brother, Henry who liked her
and who when his father died made her queen
immediately, now assured by God
and Pope, that Catherine was at that time
still virgin. Still embraced by the people
who in their respect had never wavered.

When Henry the eighth put upon the crown
he relished the insights of the daughter,
of the King of Spain, her input as queen
conjoined the countries int’rests for a time
but the queens love for Henry n’er wavered.
Their first years, a romantic time for all,
and they elevated the royalty
to a source of pride.  Henry trusted her
advice counsel and shared her love of God.
The kings court improved things for the people.

The queens first child was a still-born daughter,
a year later she birthed a son, this time
alive but he died soon after.  In all,
she bore six children- all of them but her
fifth, Mary, died to the grief of people
now hoping for an heir.  To keep the crown
safe was deemed the prime duty of the queen.
The king’s interest in his wife wavered,
and in search of continued royalty
he bedded many not consulting God.

Despite that, he shared power for a time
and while Henry fought in France it was her
direct leadership that won for the crown
more important campaigns; the troops wavered
not one bit with her and her faith in God.
It was three years later that her daughter,
Mary was born and lived; she focused all
That she did thereafter to give people
That her daughter might someday be queen.
She fought to preserve Mary’s royalty

When Henry’s mistress, Bessie Blont had her
son, he was deemed a prince. he King wavered
then in his devotion to his daughter.
The queen had always wanted the people
to have the schooling there for royalty
and strengthened women’s options over time
and educated Mary for the crown.
She always placed her faith in her one God.
So while she lived she worked and gave her all
that her own daughter, Mary might be queen.

Wanting Anne Boleyn, he never wavered
after demanding a divorce. People
hated, and taunted Anne at any time
she would appear in public so  both God
and man seemed to be aligned with the queen.
Thus the King denounced his faith to wed her
and changed the religious world his daughter,
would face with rage in her own royalty.
Now God, and man must answer to the crown.
Catherine loved King Henry through it all.

With royal supremacy the law, people
had to abandon now their Catholic God
and accept the Church of England but her
majesty refused. Stripped of royalty
And power by the announced divorce, all
hope seemed gone, yet she sill never wavered.
She refused inciting war at that time
though there was talk of war to save the queen.
She was not allowed to see her daughter.
Visitors required assent by the crown.

In lesser castles she still beseeched God
and behaved with apparent royalty.
Her support of Mary never wavered
though some were killed for thinking as the queen,
that Mary ought to someday wear the crown.
The winds of change ignore simple people
but history’s cyclone paid heed to her.
I’m not a fan of religion at all;
in tolerance the harvest all the time,
to wit: Bloody Mary, the queen, her daughter.

Despite the royalty of Henry’s time
revoking her claim to possess the crown
she never wavered for that sake of God
and for her daughter, Mary, through it all
the English people always deemed her queen.

© Lawrencealot – December 30, 2013

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