Themed:          about a holiday or anniversary.
Stanzaic:          sestet consisting of two tercets
Syllabic:            8/6/2/8/6/2
Rhymed:           abcabc
Source quoted:
Memento, created by Emily Romano is a poem about a holiday or an anniversary, consisting of two stanzas as follows: the syllable count should be 8 beats for line one; 6 beats for line two; and two beats for line three. This is repeated twice for each stanza. The rhyme scheme is: a/b/c/a/b/c for each of the two stanzas.
Example #1:
Sky Flowers
Circumference unlimited
As flowers in the sky
We stand in awe, inhibited,
As bright explosives fly
From land.
July wears flowers in the sky
Spreading above the town
In flight;
We stand in awe, ready to cry
Aloud as they resound
This night.
Copyright © 2007 Emily Romano
My Example Attempt
This Night     (Memento)
The faces of the children glow
expecting old Saint Nick
this night,
with wonder only children know
and hoping to sleep quick
© Lawrencealot -December 4,2013
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Lushi or lüshi (traditional Chinese: 律詩; simplified Chinese: 律诗; pinyinlǜshīWade–Giles : lü-shih) refers to a specific form of Classical Chinese poetry verse form. One of the most important poetry forms of Classical Chinese poetry, the lushi refers to an eight-line regulated verse form with lines made up of five, six, or seven characters; thus:
  • Five-character eight-line regulated verse (wulu): a form of regulated verse with eight lines of five characters each.
  • Six-character eight-line regulated verse is relatively rare.
  • Seven-character eight-line regulated verse (qilu): a form of regulated verse with eight lines of seven characters each.
All lushi forms are rhymed on the even lines, with one rhyme being used throughout the poem. Also, and definitionally, the tonal profile of the poem is controlled (that is, “regulated”).
And since, the Lushi, according to the above, must be “Regulated Verse” what the heck is that?
Regulated verse consisting of the three jintishi or “new style poetry” forms of lushijueju, and pailu while retaining the basic characteristics are distinguished from the gushi or “old style poetry” by the addition of a number of formal rules, most of which they share in common, but in some of which they differ. These rules include:
  • Number of lines are limited to four for jueju, eight for lushi, and an unlimited, greater, even number for the pailu. In each case, the poem is arranged in paired lines in the form of couplets.
  • Line lengths are all the same in terms of syllables or characters throughout any given poem. Generally, the line length is fixed at five or seven or characters per line; although, there are some poems which have a six character line-length. The line length is also used for the purpose of further classifying the main three forms of regulated verse into subtypes.
  • Rhyme is mandatory. Rhyme, or rime, is based on a sometimes somewhat technical rhyme scheme. The rhyme of a poem can be difficult to determine, especially for older poems as pronounced in modern versions of Chinese; however, even as early as the Tang Dynasty, formal rhyme might be based upon authoritative references in a rime table or rime dictionary, rather than on actual vernacular speech. Generally level tones only rhyme with level tones, and non-level (or “deflected”) tones only formally rhyme with other non-level tones. Also, the first line of the poem may also set the rhyme, more often in the seven-character form than the five-character.
  • The pattern of tonality within the poem is regulated according to certain fixed patterns of alternating level and deflected tones. Although there is some question as to the status of tone in older forms of Chinese, in Middle Chinese (characteristic of the Chinese of the Sui DynastyTang Dynasty, and Song Dynasty), a four tone system developed. For the purposes of regulated verse, the important distinction is between the level tone (similar to the modern Mandarin Chinese first tone) and the other three tones which are all classified in the category of deflected tones.
  • Parallelism is a feature of regulated verse. The parallelism requirement means that the two parallel lines must match each word in each line with the word which is in the same position in the other line, the match can be in terms of grammatical function, comparison or contrast, phonology, among other considerations: the degree of parallelism can vary and the type of parallelism is crucial to the meaning of a well-written regulated verse poem. Phonological parallelism can include various considerations, including tonality. Grammatical function parallelism examples include matching colors, actions, numeric quantities and so on. In the eight-line lushi form, which is composed of four couplets, the middle two couplets have internal parallelism; that is, the third and fourth line are parallel with each other and the fifth and sixth lines are parallel with each other. The jueju is more flexible in terms of required parallelism, although it may be present. The pailu requires parallelism for all couplets except for the first and last pair.
  • The caesura, or a pause between certain phrases within any given line is a standard feature of regulated verse, with the main rule being for a major caesura preceding the last three syllables within a line. Thus, in the six-line verse the major caesura divides the line into two three-character halves. Furthermore, in the seven-character line, there is generally a minor caesura between the first and second pairs of characters.
Besides the tonality parallelism that English cannot duplicate, we can substitue Literary Parallelism.
Parallelism: Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.
Parallelism takes place when two similar phrases are joined to make just one sentence. Or when you combine subjects, object or adjectives with conjunction.
I hope only someone who is [a] bi-lingual in in Chinese and English,  [b] more intelligent than I, and [c] a poet will be able to properly define how we should specify the correct writing of these poems in English, but here is my attempt to provide a common starting point.
Corrections and enhancements eagerly sought.
Restated Rules –  Lushi for Dummies

The poem is eight lines long.
There is not meter required.
It is word based: Each line must have the same number of words, either 5,6, or 7.
Even lines should exhibit mono-rhyme.
Caesura (a pause) should separate clauses.
The first couplet should set-up the poem.
The final couple should provide the conclusion.
The middle two couplets should develop the theme.
There should be some type of parallelism between alternate lines of the development quatrain.

Example Poem
Grandpa’s Visit     (Lushi)

grandfather enters room; grandson smiles
toddles towards papa; wanting play.
boy, man watch each other
each watching the other’s way
boy and grandpa mutually focused
each learning from each today.
grandson points down- to floor
that means, “Papa, here! stay!

© Lawrencealot – November 24, 2013

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Note I chose the five character poem this time.

Triple Rebel Round

This form was invented her by Rebel_Coyote of

The poem consists of Three 5-line stanzas.
There are two styles,each having a triplet mono-rhyme. Version 1:  aaaBB cccBB dddBB
Version 2:  aaBBB ccBBB ddBBB
Each Stanza has the first three lines of  mono-rhyme, followed by a two line refrain
of a different mono-rhyme.  The refrain occurs in the following two stanzas as well.
The second style is changed only in that it uses a THREE-line Refrain
As in this sample “Let’s Write a Triple Rebel Round”

No meter is specified, but tetrameter or pentameter is suggested.

Example Poem

Momma Lost Me

My mother worked at Woolworths five and ten
and she’d let me ride to town now and then.
The bus driver knew where she worked and when.
At five years old the bus ride was great fun.
“Just stay aboard, I’ll get you little one.”

Nana’d put me on and she’d pay the fare.
When we reach her stop, momma would be there.
Except the time she wasn’t anywhere.
At five years old the bus ride was great fun.
“Just stay aboard, I’ll get you little one.”

We passed the stop– I ‘membered what she said.
The driver winked “Let’s see what lies ahead.”
Mom found me on our return trip instead.
At five years old the bus ride was great fun.
“Just stay aboard, I’ll get you little one.”

(c) Lawrencealot – 2012

Note: This was about 67 years ago in Ogden, Utah
A much safer time and place.  As usual the parent suffers more than the child.

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Dectina Refrain

This form was invented by Marion Friedenthal and named ‘Dectina Refrain’ by Luke Prater.
The form is written with your syllables going: 1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10
Your 10th line is comprised of your first four lines all together as one stand alone line in quotation marks.

I have found it common, not to use quotation marks.

Example poem

with your
children now,
cherish the time.
Everything is new
to them, and magic too.
Doubt me not, my adult friends,
they can transfer that to you.  No
household or other chore can do that.
“Play with your children now, cherish the time.”
(c) Lawrencealot – May 26, 2012

Swap Quatrain

The Swap Quatrain was created by Lorraine M. Kanter.

Within the Swap Quatrain each stanza in the poem
must be a quatrain (four lines) where the
first line is reversed in the fourth line.
In addition, line 2 must rhyme with line 1, and line 3
must rhyme with line 4 and so on,
BUT not repeat the same rhyming pattern on subsequent

Rhyming pattern: aabb, ccdd  and so on.

Example Poem

Heartfelt   (Swap Quatrain)

His clothes did stink, his coat was old
He came inside to leave the cold.
He needed food he needed drink.
His coat was old his clothes did stink.

Said youngest boy, “Give me a loan.”
He had one dollar of his own.
I thought he wanted fries or toy.
“Give me a loan,” said youngest boy,

To his one buck he added mine
boy calculating, said, “That’s fine
for that old guy down on his luck.”
He added mine to his one buck.

I was so proud to see him give.
His heart showed us all how to live.
He did not ask, “Was that allowed?”
to see him give, I was so proud.

© Lawrencealot – December 30, 2012

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The monotetra is a new poetic form developed by Michael Walker. Each stanza contains four lines in monorhyme. Each line is in tetrameter (four metrical feet) for a total of eight syllables. What makes the monotetra so powerful as a poetic form, is that the last line contains two metrical feet, repeated. It can have as few as one or two stanzas, or as many as desired.
Stanza Structure:
Line 1: 8 syllables; A1
Line 2: 8 syllables; A2
Line 3: 8 syllables; A3
Line 4: 4 syllables, repeated; A4, A4  (8/8/8/8)
Example Poem


My gramp brought me a valentine.
To give to mommy and it’s just fine.
I’m four years old and it’s all mine.
A valentine. A valentine.

It’s got a heart and teddy bear
To show my mom how much I care.
A tiny voice came from nowhere,
“I’ve got no flair.” “I’ve got no flair.”

Somehow that card said words to me.
“I’m not as fine as I can be.
I need more personality”
that she can see, that she can see.”

“With your help lad, I’ll be much more.
I’ll be a card that she’ll adore.”
I’ll not be common anymore!
Accept this chore.  Accept this chore.”

With a crayon I wrote just “my”
before “Mom”.   She is my own, that’s why.
I signed Tommy then heard card sigh.
I don’t know why, I don’t know why.

The card she’s kept for all this time.
A priceless card that cost a dime.
Mom says I made the value climb
with my first rhyme, with my first rhyme.

© Lawrencealot – February 9, 2013

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Rictameter is a scheme similar to Cinquain.
Starting your first line with a two syllable word, you then consecutively increase the number of syllables per line by two. i.e. 2/4/6/8/10   Then down again, 8/6/4/2 Making the final line the same two syllable word you began with.
This form looks best when centered
Example Poem
The puppy lived
because I rescued him.
Just a boy myself, no one close.
Nursed him to health; trained him easily too
and my grandma watched us blossom.
He played with me, slept with
me, became my


The Sedoka is an unrhymed poem made up of two three-line katauta
 with the following syllable counts: 5/7/7, 5/7/7.
A Sedoka, pair of katauta as a single poem,
may address the same subject from differing perspectives.
Katauta is an unrhymed three-line poem with
the following syllable counts: 5/7/7.

Example Poem
Getting Trained

Baby learning speech
“Lo, Papa”, points down to floor.
I look for object on floor.

“No, grandpa”, say mom.
The baby wants you closer
She wants you to “Stand there please.”


The Terzanelle is a poetry type which is a combination of  the villanelle and the terza rima forms invenated by Lewis Turco.
It is a 19-line poem consisting of five interlocking tercets plus a concluding quatrain in which the first and third lines of the first triplet appear as refrains. The middle line of each triplet is repeated, reappearing as the last line of the succeeding triplet with the exception of the center line of the next-to-the-last stanza which appears in the quatrain.
The rhyme and refrain scheme for the triplets is as follows:
ABA’ bCB cDC dED eFE fAFA‘ or

Meter is Iambic Pentamter
Example Poem:
Simpler times   (Terzanelle)
The simple times remembered are worthwhile.
Those memories are treasured gifts to keep.
We were innocent and lived without guile.
Our curiosity was very deep,
inviting us always to be alive.
Those memories are treasured gifts to keep.
Adults have designed their plans to survive
we have a docket that precludes just being–
inviting us always to be alive.
Adults predispose and look without seeing.
Now  we can’t dawdle, we all must compete
we have a docket that precludes just being–
As kids, a mistake was not a defeat,
we had no agenda but just to be
Now  we can’t dawdle, we all must compete
Adults must relearn that gift, to be free.
The simple times remembered are worthwhile.
we had no agenda but just to be.
We were innocent and lived without guile.
By Lawrencealot, © 2012, All rights reserved.
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