Toddaid, todd-eyed is the 19th codified Welsh meter, an Awdl, and an uneven couplet often written in combination with other meters especially the 9 syllable couplet, cyhydedd hir.

The is:
• stanzac, written in any number of couplets.
• syllabic, L1 is a 10 syllable line and L2 is a 9 syllable line.
• rhymed, the main rhyme aa – cc – dd etc.
• composed with gair cyrch* following the main rhyme and caesura of L1. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L2 in secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance.
• sometimes written in a shortened version of 16 syllables, L1 is 10 syllables and L2 is only 6 syllables which is called a toddaid byr.
toddaid couplets

x x x x x x x A – x b
x x x x b x x x A
x x x x x x x C – x d
x x x d x x x x c

a toddaid byr
x x x x x x x A x b
x x x b x A

Nit digeryd Duw, neut digarat—kyrd
Neut lliw gwyrd y vyrd o veird yn rat;
Neut lliaws vrwyn kwyn knawlat— yghystud
O’th attall Ruffudd gwaywrud rodyat.
Einion 15th century

Shere Kahn by Judi Van Gorder

The young calico keeping cool – eases
slow as she pleases upon the stool .
Her Bengal bones live nine lives – daring dogs,
chasing frogs, tiger dreams, kitten thrives.

Pasted from

*gair cyrch, appears as a tail or an addemendum to a line; it is the last few syllables of a 10 syllable line that follow the placement of the main rhyme of the stanza marked by caesura. When the main rhyme of the stanza appears within the body in the last half of a 10 syllable line the syllables following that main rhyme and caesura is the gair cyrch. eg x x x x x x A – x x x, it could also appear as x x x x x x x A – x B, the “A” being the main rhyme which is echoed as end rhyme throughout the stanza and the “B” being a secondary rhyme. The secondary rhyme is usually echoed in the early to mid part of the next line. The caesura following the main rhyme is often a dash -.

My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource.

My example


Embellished (Toddaid)

She wore a steampunk hat and bra – and shoes
She couldn’t lose; she was held in awe.
She was cocooned in metal ware – of course.
a visual force men would touch with care.

© Lawrencealot – February 2, 2015

Visual template