Chatushka

A Russian Quatrain form. The name derives from the Russian meaning ”to speak fast”. Covering subject that range across the whole human experience and written in a manner that is usually satirical, ironic or humourous this is the Russian equivalent to theLimerick.
 
Form Type:           Metrical
Origins:                 Russian
Creator:                Unknown
Number of Lines:  4
Rhyme Scheme:  a,b,a,b or a,b,c,b or a,a,b,b
Meter:                   Trochaic Tetrameter
 
 
Rules
1. The form is composed of a single quatrain, though often they are placed together with others in a string, in either case each quatrain is a complete self contained unit.
 
2. The most common rhyme scheme is a,b,a,b though a,b,c,b is also fairly common. The a,a,b,b rhyme scheme is fairly rare.
 
3. The form is written using trochaic tetrameter. Though it is common to use catalectic final feet in a line giving a strongly stressed ending.
 
4. Content wise Chastushkas cover all subjects, though the style is usually satirical, ironic or humourous, tending towards lewd,
 
5. Traditionally they are recited to music, if they are in a string then there is a musical interlude between them to give the audience time to laugh.
 
6. Often they are composed on the spur of the moment and used in contests, such Chastushka are highly prized.
 
Pasted from <http://bensonofjohn.co.uk/poetry/formssearch.php?searchbox=Chastushka> 

Get Back Chicken
Chicken, get back; don’t peck me
For the cleaver in my hand
Just think, could be, soon chopping thee.
Dinner captured, cleaned and panned.
 
© February 16, 2012
Dane Ann Smith-Johnsen
 
Written for Poetry Soup Member Contest: Chastushka Form-Russian Poetry 
 
 
Example Poems 

 
Three Chastushkas 

 
Mabel’s clothing at their feet
under chairs and kitchen table.
Freddy focused not on neat,
Freddy merely wanted Mabel. 

Scribbled thoughts upon a napkin
Serve as plans of grand intention.
Dreams without an active effort
freeze in idle cold suspension.

Anxious Arabs show misgiving
watching western people living.
letting females speak their voices
countermanding masters choices. 

 
© Lawrencealot –  January 23, 2013 

 
 
 
Visual Template
 
Actually not one of each, I omitted abab!

Dorsimbra

Created by Eve Braden, Frieda Dorris and Robert Simonton, the Dorsimbra
is a poem of 12 lines, consisting of
(1) a quatrain of iambic pentameter rhyming abab
(2) a quatrain of “short and snappy” free verse, and
(3) a quatrain of blank verse (unrhymed iambic pentameter).
The final (12th) line is the same as the first line ( a refrain).

The form’s creators suggest the use of enjambment, interlaced rhymes, 
and near-rhymes to bind the three stanzas/

Example Poem

Safe Fax

Today’s environment demands safe fax.
If you fax to yourself you won’t go blind.
A cover used will not let you relax.
If you fax too fast, most consorts won’t mind.

Not age restricted
Married or single  fine
contact quick
frequently gratifies.

If you have no outlet for your fax needs
you can then pay for service, legally.
If you know them then everything’s okay.
Today’s environment demands safe fax.

© Lawrencealot – April 23, 2012

Visual Template

 

Redondilla

NOTE:I have included the definition from two different sources here.  The first specifies the minimum number of quatrains, the 2nd does not.

The 2nd requires that the meter be TROCHAIC, the first is indifferent.

Well, boys and girls – indifferent wins.  I spent some time on 5 different sites and found NOT ONE trochaic poem in English, and several that did not have FOUR STANZAS.

This is simply a poem consisting of four quatrains in tetrameter, preferably iambic  or trochaic.  The rhyme scheme can be aabb, abab, or abcb.  (Although some sources will advise otherwise, syllable count is secondary to rhythmic flow).  Most descriptions do not mention meter.  I have found in the English language most use Iambic and any rhyme scheme, even mixing them.  (An insult, in my way of thinking.)

redondilla, a Spanish stanza form consisting of four trochaic lines,
usually of eight syllables each, with a rhyme scheme of abba.
Quatrains in this form with a rhyme scheme of abab,
sometimes also called redondillas, are more commonly known as serventesios.
Redondillas have been common in Castilian poetry since the 16th century.
The word is derived from the Spanish redondo, meaning “round.”

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/494744/redondilla

Example Poem
Tropical Storm (A Redondilla or a Serventesio )

Surging currents falling rain

cloudy grey and gasping sky.
Seabirds leaving, wonder why.
Season of the hurricane.

Board your windows stock your shelves
Candles, girlfriend, water, food,
Stranded people making feel good.
Living, loving, by ourselves.

“Mom and pop are coming too??”
“Having to evacuate!”
“Gosh and gee that’s really great.”
“Your folks too? Least we could do. ”

Moms crochet by candle light,
dads play cards and guzzle beer.
You and I with bed in here
writing poems day and night.

(c) Lawrencealot – July 24, 2012

Visual Template
Written in footless trochaic tetrameter.