Wyatt/Surrey Sonnet

Although the sonnet began in Italy in the 13th century, Thomas Wyatt 1503-1542, was one of the first English poets to translate and utilize the form. He used thePetrarchan octave but introduced a rhyming couplet at the end of the sestet. His friend the Earl of Surrey also initiated more rhyme.

The Italian form was restricted to 5 rhymes. After Wyatt and Surrey the sonnet could have 7 rhymes. They also shifted the sonnet away from the slightly more intellectual and argumentative Petrarchan form, and gave new importance to the ending, declamatory couplet. This Wyatt/Surrey adaptation of the sonnet has not been officially named, at least I haven’t found an assigned designation yet. So for the sake of identification I call it the Wyatt/Surrey Sonnet.

The defining features of the Wyatt/Surrey sonnet are:
a quatorzain, written with a Petrarchan octave followed by an envelope quatrain ending with a rhyming couplet.
metric, primarily iambic pentameter.
the rhyme scheme is abbaabba cddc ee.
it is composed with the volta (non physical gap) or pivot (a shifting or tilting of the main line of thought) sometime after the 2nd quatrain.
distinguished by the declamatory couplet.

Pasted from <http://www.poetrymagnumopus.com/index.php?showtopic=1045>

Example poem:

Sentient Sonnet (Wyatt/Surrey Sonnet)

The Petrarchan form stood intellectually
rigid for two hundred years, then it stretched.
Now five rhymes seemed not quite enough, so fetched
a couple more, yawned then moved experientially
away from arguments intolerably
constricted, to a poetry that etched
the notions, bards awaited, hands out-stretched-
to write a lighter sonnet, more flexibly.

For English writing folks this ushered in
the beginning of what has never stopped.
Traditionalists chins had surely dropped.
The morphing form was changing from within.

The purists arch their brows and speak disdain,
But sonnets have transformed and will again.

© Larry Eberhart, aka Lawrencealot, Oct 12, 2012

Visual template:


Wordsworth Sonnet

The defining features of the Wordsworth Sonnet are:
A quatorzain consisting of: octet  + quatrain + couplet
metered, iambic pentameter.
rhymed abbaacca dede ff.
it is composed with the pivot or volta in the very last line.

Wordsworth embraced the Miltonic sonnet, but changed the second quatrain rhyme scheme to compensate for fewer rhyming opportunities in the English language.

Example poem:

Tell Me of Your Anger in Whispers (Wordsworth Sonnet)

Should you be moved to speak in anger, dear,
I ask that first you test your words alone.
If anger stems from blunder of my own
You’ll want to be assured your meaning’s clear.
Harsh words once thrown will travel like a spear.
Is it essential now that blame be found;
will such proceed toward a common ground?
The thoughts that form those words might disappear.

If anger stems from blunders of my own
There’s nothing risked delaying words that grate.
I’ll be contrite as in the past I’ve shown
so wait, my love for anger to abate.

My love, use whispers closely late tonight.
And, loving you, I will make it right.

(c) Lawrencealot – May 1, 2012

Visser Sonnet

I am exceptionally glad to add this Sonnet form to my list.
Insofar, as I know it is the only sonnet form to be created by one of the States’ Poet Laureates.

Visser Sonnet – Internal rhyme only
Octet + Sestet
-Usually Iambic Pentameter
Rhyme scheme (internal only)    abbaabba cdecde
Originated by Audrae Visser,
Poet laureate of S. Dakota, 1974-2001

I found no specific column mandated for the internal rhyme
Apparently Volta is up to the poet.

Example Poem:
With Hidden Rhyme     (Visser Sonnet)

A Visser Sonnet may be hard to find,
or recognize when you do, for the rhyme
is hidden from your view except when read
aloud, then it will play.  It’s internal
and nicely tucked away inside each line.
It could be blank verse too, if iams rule,
for while that form if true, denies end-rhyme
it’s mute about the way one  acts inside.

Yet Visser earned our praise as she was South
Dakota’s poet queen- well, laureate,
the only one of such to make this mark.
Let us our glasses raise in toast and write
a sonnet now to bring this latent form
to life and add a touch of difference.

© Lawrencealot – November 2, 2012

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Rhymes with “bonnet” and “sonnet”.
A variation of the English sonnet.
It makes some use of near or half rhyme (the first poet in the English language
to use this was the metaphysical poet, Henry Vaughan) but its main innovation is
that it has what normally is the final couplet coming after the first quatrain,
in the 5th and 6th lines.

Example Poems:

Chipmonk Bouquet

I love my Tess, I love my Tess, I do.
I must confess it is sweet Tess, I crave.
She rubbed my nose so I suppose love’s true.
She’s crazy over flowers, she does rave.
“The flower power is most sensual.
but neat- it is; they’re sweet and edible.”

So what we’ll do- if fine with you- I say-
Is place my face right here with baby breath. 
to frame my fame in cellophane bouquet. 
She’ll giggle, laugh or else be scared to death. 
But she’s the one, I want to share my nuts. 
She’s cute, a beauty really with filled cheeks. 
I need to succeed; no ifs ands or buts. 
If this works fine she will be mine for keeps. 
(c) Lawrencealot – April 23, 2012
Author’s notes:  I have written three of these, on the first I forgot near rhyme,
on the next, I missed the volta. So I switched to whimsey.
Visual template:
abab cc dede fgfg

Tuckerman’s Sonnet

Tuckerman’s Sonnet – abbabcab adeced
or abbabcba bdeced

Example Poem:
Tell Me of Your Anger in Whispers (Tuckerman Sonnet)
A silence is most fine thing when irate.
I’ll want to help resolve most any plight.
If I have blundered then I’ll be contrite.
Emotions can cause words to over state
But calm approaches help keep troubles slight.
Attack invokes defense without much thought.
It’s wise of you my dear, therefore, to wait,
We want to solve a problem, not to fight.
With cause to pause and think, I shall relate.
So hold those words for later; don’t despair
for now. Wait ’til your anger can abate.
Use dulcet tones to reap the goal now sought.
I’ll listen, think, and I’ll appreciate.
Speak whispers, lying close- and I’ll be caught.
Visual template:

Tirrell Sonnet

Tirrell Sonnet was invented by R.L. Leonard, aka Tirrell

A quatrazain of two couplets enveloping two tercets enveloping a quatrain.
Meter and voltra are at the poet’s discretion.

Rhyme Scheme: A1A2 bcb cddc bcb A2A1

Write a Tirrellet Sonnet

This line demands your very, very best.
These words encompass and corral the rest.

Like onion layers one upon the next
the couplets backed up by the tercet pair
are cover for the most important text.

It may not be a rhyme that rings most rare,
it’s just the core of what’s a Tirrellet.
a brand new form that A.P. won’t forget,
invented here for poets everywhere.

An autologic poem just reflects
the manner followed to the end; we’re there
now, when we gets the first two lines annexed

These words encompass and corral the rest.
This line demands your very, very best.

© Larry Eberhart, aka, Lawrencealot Oct. 15, 2012

Trinidad Sonnet

4 tercets + couplet
Generally Iambic Pentameter
Volta at or following line 9
4 tercets + couplet
First and seventh lines compose ending couplet
Rhyme Scheme:  Aba cbc Ded fef AD
This is a form invented by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines

Example Poem:

Hope for the Winners      (Trinidad Sonnet)

The race is being run without a doubt.
The rules are changing yet corruption rules.
In every project gov’mint talks about.

Yet private enterprise and science still
will surge ahead with heat that seldom cools,
increasing benefits that awe and thrill.

The gifts we’ll see ahead will be profound.
Will joys and health alone prevent  a rage
against the plutocratic greed that’s found?

A radical religion may bring hell
to Earth.  A clash, if hatred comes of age
could cost a billion lives before we’re well.

The race is being run without a doubt.
The gifts we’ll see ahead will be profound.

© Lawrencealot – November 1, 2012

Visual Template:


Triolet Sonnet

2 sestets + couplet (8-syllable lines)
Rhyme Scheme:  ABaAab ABaAab AB

Example Poem:

Neighbor’s Aria  (Triolet Sonnet)

I was hapless and homeless bound
but a neighbor gave me a lift.
No cash for an apartment found.
I was hapless and homeless bound.
He swiftly extended a sound
civil plan to a lad adrift.

I was hapless and homeless bound
but a neighbor gave me a lift.
A storage shed had room he found.
I was hapless and homeless bound
but in the shed a couch was found.
“You’ll clean it up, so it’s no gift.”

I was hapless and homeless bound
but a neighbor gave me a lift.

© Larry Eberhart, aka, Lawrencealot – Oct 16,2012

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Tory Hexatet Sonnet

This is a sonnet form created byVictoria Sutton aka PassionsPromise
and name by Larry Eberhart, aka Lawrencealot

Octet + couplet + quatrain
ababcdcd ee ffgg 
first eight lines, 12 syllables,
couplet- eight syllables-
last four lines, 12 syllables
14 lines total, rhyme scheme and syllable count showed above.
the couplet, being the “changing point” -makes a direct statement and
could be read by itself-
ex.  when the mind becomes a tight rope
heartfelt dreams fall from lack of hope.
Turning point is optional.

Example poems:

Just Makin’ Hay

Three guys wouldn’t touch me until I turned eight-teen.
Although my virgin license long ago expired.
The young bucks were delighted with a teeny queen.
The mature men I seek deem legal age required.
Yesterday, I told the young pups to all get lost.
They can find another or handle it by hand.
I’m only doing men now who can bear the cost.
With my young age and figure, much I can command.

“Do while time bides your very whim.
Shine.  Don’t put your life-lights on dim.”

I figure five years dishing sex and lust and praise.
will adequately prepare me for courting days.
I’ll write, and go to school and date without tensions
that I’m confronting as youth with my dimensions.

This is a Parody of Just Another Day
by PassionsPromise

I have copied the poem below for you convenience

Just Another Day

Thanks to those who remembered June 16, the day
I was born in Ft. Hood Texas, for all to see.
This life, one hell of a journey, burning away
all that was held close to the heart and soul of me.
Yesterday, I watched the day roll by, many tears
shed as faces without distinction waved their hand.
There were no birthday candles, no white cake, just fears
who is who and what is what, a heavy demand
“when the mind becomes a tight rope
heartfelt dreams fall from lack of hope…”
Just wishing the stars carried more power and praise
to strengthen this worn woman through demanding days.
Yet, one more year has come and gone, you remembered
the love of Tory before life had her dismembered.


Visual Template

Terza Rima or Diaspora Sonnet

The Terza Rima or Diaspora Sonnet, appeared in England in the 19th century. It makes use of the interweaving pattern and forward movement of the Italian Terza Rima. This variation of the sonnet is written in tercets with an interlocking rhyme scheme and concludes with a refrain or invocation in the form of a heroic couplet.

The defining features of the Terza Rima Sonnet are:
• a quatorzain, made up of 4 tercets and concluding with a rhyming couplet.
• metric, iambic pentameter.
• composed with a volta (a non physical gap) or pivot (a shifting or tilting of the main line of thought) sometime after the 2nd tercet.
• similar to the Spenserian Sonnet in which the poem progresses forward developing the metaphor, conflict, idea or question. The epiphany of the poem arrives logically in the couplet.
• rhymed with up to 6 rhymes with an interlocking rhyme scheme is
aba bcb cdc ded ff.
• written so that the concluding rhyming couplet serves as a refrain or invocation.

Pasted from <http://www.poetrymagnumopus.com/index.php?showtopic=1043>

The first specifications I used and have posted above were from

The following I am adding on 10/05/12, as al alternative for I am suspect we shall find both versions
in the field.

Although purists state all sonnets should be Iambic Pentameter, any meter or line length may be used, as long as all the lines are of the same length and meter.
The rhyme scheme is that line 2 of each stanza rhymes with lines 1 and 3 of the following stanza, creating an interlocking pattern. In the final stanza, both lines rhyme with line 2 of the preceding tercet.
The Terza Rima sonnet has the following rhyme scheme,
A1. b. A2… b. c. b… c. d. c… d. a. d… A1. A2.

Pasted from <http://www.thepoetsgarret.com/sonnet/rima.html>

Example Poem:

Tell Me of Your Anger in Whispers (Terza Rima Sonnet)

Should you be moved to speak in anger, dear,
I ask that first you test your words alone.
You’ll want to be assured your meaning’s clear.

If anger stems from blunder of my own
You know that my concern will be repair.
Let’s neither utter words we can’t disown.

Be sure the words you say are truly fair.
Mistakes may not be cause for placing blame.
Delay harsh words, then later clear the air.

The words when heated likely will inflame
response I’d never give with common thought.
you know your dulcet tones will win the game.

My love, use whispers closely late tonight.
I love you, honey; I will make it right.

(c) Lawrencalot – September 25, 2012

A1bA2 bcb cdc dad A1A2 or  aba bcb cdc ded ff

Visual Template: