Standard Sonnets

Standard Sonnets ( Count as of 1/12/2016 = 107)

The renown sonneteer Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines has suggested that there are three classes of sonnets, namely sonnets of the head, of the heart, and of the hand. Sonnets of the hand, that those with some mechanistic feature or formulation that differentiates the sonnet by more than rhyme pattern, meter, line length of volta placement.I have in this blog ,decided to refer to this class of sonnet, as “Gadget” sonnets, and leave the other sonnets classed a “standard” at this time.

I feel the distinction of sonnets by head and are are merely a matter of content and have nothing to do with sonnet form. Here I will list those sonnets which most poets would consider standard, although their are some who will consider anything but English, French, and Italian to be otherwise.   Please weigh in if you find any here you think ought to be removed.To jump to the specifications, poem example and template, click on sonnet name.   Please comment if you find any errors or omissions that need correction.

American Forteabab bbcc cdcd dd
American Libreabab bbcc cdcd ee
Arabian Sonnetaaaa bbbb ccc ddd
Asean Royal Flush Sonnetaaaaaaaa aaaaaa
Balanced SonnetStanzaic       Two septets  (7 line stanzas)
Meter:         Iambic pentameter
Volta          Not specified.
Rhyme Scheme:  ababcbc ededfef
Betwixt Sonnet abba cbbc dbbd bb
Beymorlin Sonnetabab cdcd efef gg
Blank Verse SonnetNo rhyme; Strict Iambic Pentameter
Bowelsian Sonnet abba cddc effe gg
Brisbane Sonnetabcabc defdef gg
Byron’s Sonnetabba acca ded ede
Canadia Sonnet-Italian Structureabba cddc eff egg
Channing’s Sonnetabbaabba cde cde

abbaacca dee dff, and others
Capped Sonnetxxxxxxxxxxxxaa

abbaacca dee dff, and others
Choi’s Sonnetabab bbcc cdcd dd
Chivalric Sonnetxaxa xbxb xcxc dd
Clare Sonnetaabbccddeeffgg
Countess’ Grief 1
It consists of three quatrains and a couplet, but the couplet itself does not rhyme. The Rhyme scheme is:  abba cddc eefg gf
Couplet Sonnetaa bb cc dd ee ff gg
Cyhydedd Fer Sonnetaabbccddeeffgg
Divino Sonnetaabb dccd eff egg
Dorn Sonnetabcabc ee aeaeae or abcabc dd efefef
Double  SonnetAny standard sonnet doubled in one of three ways,
Dueces SonnetRhyme Scheme: abba abba baab aa
Dutch Sonnetababaaccdxdfxf
English Sonnetabab cdcd efef gg
Envelope SonnetAn otherwise normal sonnet with rhyme scheme
abbacddc efgefg or abbacddc efefef.
Fatima Stanza Sonnetabab bcbc cc cdcd
 French Canadian  Sonnetabba cddc ee fggf 
Flying Bird Sonnetaaaaa bbccbb aaaa
Four Epoch Sonnetabba cdcd efge hh 
Four Kings Sonnetabbaabba abbaab
FourteenerAlexandrine meter, any rhyme
French Canadian  Sonnetabba cddc ee fggf 
French Sonnetabba abba ccdeed or abba abba ccdccdor abba abba ccdede

Germanic Sonnetabbabccb cddcdd
Gloria cum Noynoy Sonnet – Italianicabba abba cddc dd
Glorionic Sonnetaabbbccc ddedee
Grammarian Sonnet
Stanzaic , consisting of alternate quintains and couplets
Meter is iambic pentameter
Rhyme scheme: abbba cc deeed ff
Harrisham Sonnetababab cdcdcd ee
Indonesian Sonnetabab abab abab ab
Italian or Petrarchan Sonnetabbaabba cdecde or abbaabba cdccdc or abbaabba cdcdcd

abababab cdecde or abababab cdccdc or abababab cdcdcd
ababacca cdecde  or ababacca cdccdc  or ababacca cdcdcd
Irish Sonnetabab bcbc cdcd dd
Ivorian SonnetComposed of a progression of stanzas, couplet, tercet, quatrain and quintet.
Rhymed aabcbdede, then a quintet which rhymes each letter.
Japanese Sonnet aaaa bbbbbb aaaa
Jeffery’s Sonnetaabccb ddeffe ge
Kal’s First FireburstThe same as Kal’s Wondercloth Weave Sonnet, except the rhyme scheme: abcb bcdc cded de, requires line 3 in each quatrain to be feminine rhyme.
Kal’s Wondercloth Weave Sonnet abcb bcdc cded de
Kangaroo Pause abab ccdd efef gg
Keats Sonnetabc abd cab cde de 
Kilmer’s Sonnetabba baab cdc dcd
Kindergart Klas Sonnetabca bcab cabc dd
Kiwi Pauseabba ccdd effe gg or ababccdddedeff
La Germania
rhyming pattern: abba acca cddc dd

format: English (quatrain, quatrain, quatrain, couplet)

Lannet10 syllables per line. No End Rhyme Allowed
 Lazy Day SonnetCreated by Rebecca Kerr:  Rhyme pattern aabbccdddeeeff
Lunatic Sonnetaaab bbcc cddd ee
Luzvimninda Sonnetaaaa bbbb cccc dd
Mabini Sonnetabbaccaa ddaeea
Malayan Wave Sonnet –  English Formataaba bbcb ccdc dd
Marshalline Sonnetabab cdcd efef gg
Mason Sonnetabcabcbc dbadda
Maylayan Fireburstaababbcbccdcdd
Maylayan Wave Sonnetaababbcbccdcdd
Melanesian Sonnetaabaaaba aababb
Miltonic Sonnetabbaabbacdecde
Mirrored Seven SonnetRhyme scheme: ababcdeedcbaba
Isosyllabic:  7 syllable per line.
PGMA SonnetForm created by Jose Risal M. Reyes in honor of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

rhyming pattern: abba abba cddc dd
Philippine Sonnet aaaa bbbb aaaa cc
Philippine Stanza Sonnetaaaa bbbb cccc dd
Polynesian Wave
Invented and named by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines.   Meter is iambic pentameter

Rhyme Scheme: aaxa bbxb ccxc dd

Pope John XXIII Sonnetaaaa bbbb cc dddd
Pushkin Sonnetabaccdd eff egg
ReasonnetFour tercets plus a couplet
rhyme scheme aaa bbb ccc ddd ee
Invented by Ruth Poteet.
Rime Royal Sonnetababbccdedeeff
Romblomanon Sonnetaaaa bb cccc dddd
Rosarian Sonnetaabcc ddbee fggf
Rubaiyat Sonnet aaba bbcb ccac aa
Russia’s Twin Eagles
 Invented and named by Jose Rizal M. Reyes of the Philippines.  Meter is iambic pentameter
Rhyme Scheme: aba bccb ded effe
Salamander’s FireburstRhyme pattern is abcb acdc aded ae, where the c and d rhymes must be feminine.
Sapphic Ode Sonnetabab cdcd efef gg
Saraband Sonnet – English Styleaaa abab aaa abab, aaa abab aaa abcb

axa abab axa abab, axa abab axa abcb
aaa abcb aaa abab, aaa abcb aaa abcb
axa abcb axa abab, axa abcb axa abcb
Saraband Sonnet – French Styleaaa bbcc aaa bbcc or aza bbcc aza bbcc (where “z” lines must  rhyme with each other, but can have any value, inclueding a-c.)

Saraband Sonnet – Italian Styleaaa baab aaa baab or axa baab axa baab
Saraband Sonnet – Spanish Styleaaa bcbc aaa bcbc or axa bcbc axa bcbc
Sephallian Reverse SonnetWhen read in the normal fashion, the poem has a pessimistic tone, but when read from bottom to top, it becomes and optimistic poem.  The rhyme scheme is abcdeedcbaffa and may optionally be written as a refrain sonnet as A1bcdeedcbA2ffA2A1.
Scupham Sonnet
Two  Scupham stanzas (sextets) followed by a couplet
Metered: Iambic Pentamter
Rhymed: abccba deffed gg
Sicilan Sonnetabababab cdccdc  or abababab cdecde
Solihull Sonnetababababababcc, created by Barry Hopkins
SonnenzioA poem which must repeat a word from a line of another sonnet in each of its own lines.  It may be blank verse or any rhyme scheme, as long as it concludes with a rhyming couplet.
Sonnet Rounds, Crowns, and Sonnet RedoubléHere Lies this poet’s proudest work.
And just added, the best composition I’ve ever read.
South African QuiltIt is defined by the Rhyme scheme: aabb ccdd efg efg
Spenserian Forteabab bcbc cdcd dd
Spenserian Sonnetabab bcbc cdcd ee

Stefanile Triadic Sonnetaba bccdbbde efe 
Storm Sonnetabcc deff ghii jj
Teacher-Pupil EquationRhyme Pattern: aaaa aaaa bbbb bb
Teddybard SonnetRhyme Pattern: 
Tennyson-Turner’s Sonnetabab  cdcd  effe  fe
Tuckerman’s Sonnetabbabcab adeced  or abbabcba bdeced
Turkey’s Delight

abba ccdd efef gg

VaughanetA form which uses near rhyme, in the volta coming at L5-6
Rhmye Scheme: abab cc dede fgfg 
Visayan SplashStanzaic: 3 quatrains and a couplet.
Rhyme Scheme: abcb bcdc cdad da
Visser SonnetInternal rhyme only Octet + Sestet -Usually Iambic PentameterInternal Rhyme scheme abbaabba cdecde
Originated by Audrea Visser
Volcanic FireburstStanzaic: 3 quatrains and a couplet.
The rhyme scheme is: abba ccDD eeDD ff, where the capital letters indicate feminine rhyme.
Volcanic WorkshopStanzaic: 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet.
Rhyme Scheme: abBB ccBB ddBB ee, where the capital letters indicate feminine rhyme.
Weaver’s Sonnet
Created by Tim Weaver, aka Poeticweaver on Allpoety
Rhyme pattern: aabb cdcd efef gg
Volta/Meter/Line length optional
Wordsworth Sonnet

abbaacca dede ff.
Wreathed and Unwreathed Sonneta(a/b)(b/a)(a/b)(b/c)(c/d)(d/c)(c/d)e(e/f)(b/e)(e/b)(b/e)(e/f)
a specific internal rhyme scheme.

abbaabba cddc ee

Comments are closed.