This is a complex form for which I found disparate specifications on the internet.
What is certain is:
It is an old Welsh form
It is syllabic, usually 9/9/10/9
It is stanzaic, usually quatrains or sestets
It is rhyming, usually mono-rhyme of the 9 syllable lines
And with internal and/or interleaved rhyme for the long line.
Here are the better references I used:
The gwawdodyn is a Welsh poetic form with a couple variations. However, both versions are comprised of quatrains (4-line stanzas) that have a 9/9/10/9 syllable pattern and matching end rhymes on lines 1, 2, and 4. The variations are made in that third line:
  • One version has an internal rhyme within the third line. So there’s a rhyme somewhere within the third line with the end rhyme on the third line.
  • The other version has an internal rhyme within the third line that rhymes with an internal rhyme in the fourth line.
In both cases, the rhyme starts somewhere in the middle of the third line and it is a unique rhyme to the end rhyme in lines 1, 2, and 4.
Here’s a possible diagram for the first version (with the x’s symbolizing syllables):
Note: The “b” rhyme in the middle of line 3 could slide to the left or right as needed by the poet.
Here’s an example I wrote for the first version:
“Cheat,” by Robert Lee Brewer
The rumors you’ve heard are true: I run
to forget my past. What I have won,
I’ve lost in lasting memories, blasting
through my brain like bullets from a gun.
As you can see, “run,” “won,” and “gun” rhyme with each other, as do “lasting” and “blasting.”
Here’s a possible diagram for the second version:
Note: In this version, both “b” rhymes can slide around in their respective lines, which affords the poet a little extra freedom.
Here’s my example modified for the second version:
“Cheat,” by Robert Lee Brewer
The rumors you’ve heard are true: I run
to forget my past. What I have won,
I’ve lost in lonley moments, my sorrow
my only friend while others are stunned.
In this version, “run,” “won,” and “stunned” rhyme (okay, “stunned” is a slant rhyme), while “lonely” and “only” rhyme inside lines 3 and 4.
Please play around with the form this week, because it’ll be the focus of the next WD Poetic Form Challenge starting next week.
A big thanks to Robert Lee Brewer
Gwawdodyn, gwow-dód-in-heer (gwad = poem) is the 20th codified, Official Welsh Meter, an Awdl. It is a combination of a cyhydded naw ban couplet followed by either a toddaid or cyhydedd hir couplet.The Gwawdodyn is:
  • is stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains made up of a Cyhydedd Naw Ban couplet followed by either a Toddaid or Cyhydedd Hir.
  • syllabic, L1,L2,L4 are 9 syllable lines and L3 is a 10 syllable line.
  • when written with a cyhydedd hir couplet the stanza is
    • rhymed aaba, with L3 internal rhyme and L4 cross rhymed b.
  • when written with a Toddaid
    • mono-rhymed.
    • composed with gair cyrch following the main rhyme and caesura of L3. The gair cyrch end rhyme is echoed in the first half of L4 in secondary rhyme, assonance or consonance.
x x x x x x x x a
x x x x x x x x a
x x x x b x x x x b
x x x x b x x x a
x x x x x x x x c
x x x x x x x x c
x x x x d x x x x d
x x x x d x x x a
with Toddaid
x x x x x x x x a
x x x x x x x x a
x x x x x x x b – x c
x x x x c x x x b
x x x x x x x x d
x x x x x x x x d
x x x x x x x e – x f
x x x x f x x x e
House of Stone Turns to Sand by Judi Van Gorder
Ballots stolen, voters turned away,
but dead men will vote twice on the day.
No new fields to plow, there is no work now,
no sweat on the brow, no one to care?
Mugabe builds his army of boys
they now shoulder guns instead of toys
He took back white-farms without care – the fields
without yields leave black cupboards bare.
Sick mother has no milk for baby,
a crocodile barks in the belly.
Mother is dying, baby is crying
no one defying, no one will dare.
(Zimbabwe is Shona for house of stone)This poem uses Cyhydedd Hir end couplets in stanza 1 & 3 and Toddaid end couplet in stanza 2. I couldn’t resist creating a main rhyme in stanza 2 that was also a linking rhyme between all stanzas.
A big thanks to Judi Van Gorder
Gwawdodyn Hir
Structure, Metrical Requirement, Rhyme Scheme Requirement, Stanzaic
(gwow DOD in heer) A syllabic form that can go in two ways. Either way it consists of a syllabic sestet where all lines except the fifth are nine syllables and monorhymed. The fifth line is ten syllables and has a separate rhyme that may be internal (fifth and tenth syllable) or cross-rhymed with the sixth line (seventh through the ninth syllable of fifth line cross-rhymes with third through the fifth in sixth line).
xxxxxxbxxx  (Syllable 7 to 9)
Rhythm/Stanza Length:
A Big thanks to Bob Newman
My Example
Uninvited      (Gwadodyn
My girl gone- my love unrequited
left me lonely and not delighted.
I gave girl next door transport from the store,
that and nothing more! How short-sighted.
You’d think perhaps I’d been benighted
I did not know what I’d ignited
That gal didn’t knock; my door wasn’t locked
from sleep I was shocked yet excited.
That she was nude was now high-lighted
by her chills that I soon had righted.
That she had applied could not be denied,
but midnight rides must be invited.
© Lawrencealot – December 25, 2013

Related Welch form at HERE.

Visual Templates


The LaJemme is a 5 stanza form created by poets Laura Lamarca and Jem Farmer.
Syllalbic:          10/10/10/10  8/8/8/6 8/8/8/6  10/10/10/10  10/10/10/10
End Rhyme Pattern:  abab cdfe gfdf hihi abab
Cross-rhyme required and interleaved rhyme required.
Expanded rhyme pattern:
Where the first letter in parentheses is syllable 4, the second is end rhyme.
Meter: consistently iambic
As stated by the inventors:
Stanza 1, 10 syllables per line, Rhyme scheme abab, 4th syllable of each line is to rhyme with the end rhyme of the preceding line.
Stanza 2, syllable count: 8/8/8/6, Rhyme scheme cdef, with cross rhymes in each couplet on 4th syllable
Stanza 3, syllable count 8/8/8/6, Rhyme scheme gfdf, 4th syllable of each line follows the same rule as stanza 1.
Stanza 4, 10 syllables per line, Rhyme scheme hihi, 4th syllable of each line is to rhyme with the end rhyme of the preceding line.
Stanza 5, 10 syllables per line, Rhyme scheme abab, 4th syllable of each line is to rhyme with the end rhyme of the preceding line.
Note: I would have been much happier if the poet had required cross-rhyme in both short line stanzas, for sake of elegance and consistency.
Example poem.
Celeste     (LaJemme)
She comes some nights from mists beyond the sea
and sings to me the songs of sirens lore.
Notes float ashore in tones of upper C
that guarantee a mortal won’t ignore.
I’m driven then to leave my wife
and leave my life behind again
and simply go as lemmings do.
This much is true, you know.
The amber glow within her eyes
would not surprise a wizard though
they do bestow control that men
succumb to when they glow.
She uses me to quench her mortal thirst
and from the first I’ve risen to her game.
I cannot tame the fires for she’s well versed
and has rehearsed her wiles to much acclaim.
Her origin remains a mystery
It’s plain to see she’s easy to adore
and wanting more, to me comes naturally
I heed her plea and dance to her sweet score.
© Lawrencealot – December 19, 2014
Visual Template


The Impressionist form was invented by Pamela Santini, writing on AllPoetry as Stands_In_Awe
It is a nine stanza poem
It is syllabic.
 The first eight stanzas consist of both a four and five syllable line, in either order, followed by a “quip” of one or two words limited to three syllables.
The final stanza consists of a pair of four syllable lines each followed by one of the “quips” previously used.
Example Poem
Unselfish Selfies
He wants to see some
more of me, I’m
The pic goes with the
sexting that I’m
So my face is not
all that I’ll be
Several simple
sexy selfies I’m
Exactly what I’ll
show I’m not now
But I’ll bet my butt
it keeps him from
stimulates and moves
him closer to
I’ll sign myself, “all
yours, with love”, in
Selfies work when
that’s what girls are
© December 16, 2014
Visual Template:
Note: Either the first or the second line
of each tercet may have five syllables.

Yabba Dabba Do

The YABBA DABBA DO was created by Havyk Dementius of Allpoetry
It is syllabic 5/10/10/10/10  15/10/10/10/10  15/15 (5/10/10/10/10/15/10/10/10/10/15/15)
It is a complete poem consisting of two quintets and rhyming couplet.
Line 1 consists of 5 syllables.
Lines 2-5 follow an ABBA rhyme scheme in iambic pentameter.
Lines 6 & 11 &12  consist of 15 syllables.
Lines 7-10 follow an ABBA rhyme scheme in iambic pentameter.
Lines 11 and 12 must rhyme.
Thus the Rhyming pattern is xabbaxabbacc
It is a poem of 12 lines.
Example Poem
Cluttered Nest     (Yabba Dabba Do)
I’m motivated
yet have so many things I have to do
I have no notion where I  ought to start.
Sometimes I wish that I had had a clue-
I should have started with another part.
You left to visit relatives living several states a way.
I’ve cleaned out what was called garage- in fact
the cars can now be driven right inside.
A double storage shed I’ve built out back
for all the detritus we must abide.
Since we’re storing the kids stuff ’til they decide to move away
out of sight it’s hiding now;  our kids and stuff will always stay.
© Lawrencealot – December 13, 2013
Visual Template


The Strambotto has three primary versions:
All are presented here.
The Siciliano,  rhymed abababab
The Tuscano,  rhymed ababccdd (preferred), abababcc,  aabbccdd
and the Romagnuolo, rhymed ababccdd
It is:
Lyrical – Written as one octave, or with the Tuscano, possibly one sestet.  It you wish to write several stanza it becomes an Ottava Rima.
Rhymed – Each with its specific pattern(s).
Isosyllabic – Each line has precisely eleven syllables.
Below are additional resources with history and added information.  At the end you will find my Visual Templates.
This was an early form of Italian poetry that was set to music by composers of the frottola and madrigals of the 16th century. The poetry is set into very strict stanzas of eight lines of eleven syllables. This type of stanza is known as rispetto or ottava rima. The musical rispetto was usualy dedicated to a lady love, Aside from the fact the ottava rima had no set form length and later became Iambic it also came from literature and generally had multiple stanzas, but musical version, the strambotto was typically created with a single stanza.
There are three basic types of strambotto and they are identified by their rhyme scheme.
1. Strambotto Siciliano
It will be noted that this is similar to the Sicilian Octave, but follows the Strombotto rules and consists of eight strict hendecasyllable lines (11 syllables), and similarly for multi stanzas.
a. b. a. b. a. b. a. b. 
2. Strambotto Toscano
This form is most used for stand alone poetry, but can be used for multiple stanzas. When writing muliple stanzas (as in a song), it is usual to link each stanza by either a refrain or using the whole or part of the last line of the previous stanza as the first line of the next stanza:
a. b. a. b. a. b. c. c. 
3. Strambotto Romagnuolo
This form has the octave constructed from a Sicilian quatrain and a quatrain of two couplets. The same rules apply about stand alone poems, and multiple stanzas.
a. b. a. b. c. c. d. d
My thanks to the poetsgarret.
The Strambotto is thought to have influenced the development of the Sicilian Octave and the birth of the sonnet. The Strambotto is one of the earliest Italian verse forms and can be found in works from the 12th through the 19th centuries usually set to music. The name comes from the Occitan,estrabot which refers to sentimental and or amorous rhymes. Sources suggest the early Strambotto varied between 6 or 8 lines long however it was eventually recognized as an 8 line form holding fast to a strict 11 syllable line. Rhyme seems to be delineated by territory, Tuscan, Sicilian and Romano. The frame appears to be the same as the Ottavo Rima Stanza. However, the forms are quite different in that the Strombotto is limited to a single lyrical, octave while the Ottavo Rima is a narrative, stanzaic verse written with any number of octaves. 
The Strambotto is:
  • lyrical.
  • an octastich, a poem in 8 lines. (When written in narrative stanzas it is better known as Ottava Rima)
  • syllabic, strict hendecasyllabic lines. In English it has been found in iambic pentameter.
  • rhymed, most often follows the Tuscan patterns of abababcc and occasionally aabbccdd and is sometimes called Strambotto Tuscano. TheSicilian Strambottos followed the rhyme pattern of abababab and the Strambotto Romagnuolo carries a rhyme scheme of ababccdd.
My thanks to PoetryMagnumOpus
Strambotto (Sicilian)
Structure, Metrical Requirement, Rhyme Scheme Requirement, Other Requirement, Stanzaic
Hendecasyllabic lines rhymed abababab. Usually is lyrical and sentimental or amorous.
Rhyme: abababab
Meter: xxxxxxxxxxx
Rhythm/Stanza Length:
See Also:
Strambotto (Tuscan)
Structure, Metrical Requirement, Rhyme Scheme Requirement, Other Requirement, Stanzaic
Stanzas of 6 or 8 hendecasyllabic lines rhymed ababccdd (preferred), abababcc, aabbccdd, ababcc, ababab, or aabbcc. Usually is lyrical and sentimental or amorous.
ababccdd (preferred),
ababab, or
Meter: xxxxxxxxxxx
See Also:
My thanks to Poetry Base.
Example Poem
This Drink’s on Me, Err… You (Strambotto)
While I drank sociably, the crowd grew pressing
I’d come because the band was recommended.
Folks were rowdy, unfriendly, rude, depressing.
A girl approached, her lovely hand extended
“May I have your stool to sit next to my sis?”?
“Sure.?” I’d been taught manners are not hit or miss.
Her “sis” rose, gave seat to girl’s male friend (I think.)
When they danced I spilled upon their stools, my drink.
© Lawrencealot – December 12, 2013
VISUAL TEMPLATES. These show the rhyme patterns and syllable count.
                                      No specfic meter is mandated, I have shown both
                                      iambic and trochaic possibilities.


The Mononet is an invented form  (weren’t they all), created seven years ago by B Chandler of Allpoetry.
It is a complete poem of 18 lines consisting of two octave stanzas and a couplet.
It is syllabic with the 5th line of each octave and the final line of the couplet having 12 syllables, line 17 having 6 syllables,and all other lines having 11 syllables.
Line 5 of each octave consists of six syllables repeated. (Half line refrain).
Line 8 of Stanza 1 is repeated as line 18.  (Full line refrain.)
Rhyme Scheme: abab(AA)baB cdcd(CC)dcd aB
or                          abba(AA)bbA2 cdcc(DD)dcd aA2
 where the capital letters indicate partial or whole line refrains.
The creator’s poem, and my visual template will clarify the specifications.
Her Example
Simplicity Capturing
For a time alone, things seem lost in a show
While beauty is standstill, this soul knew life
In ways that can’t comprehend but gained its low
As time passes during seasoned change and rife—
Epiphanies re-grow, epiphanies re-grow
Words of splendor and phrases lost into strife,
These limbs stood idle; momentum grandeur’s bow
For surroundings of new plus old, there lies its knife
Caught within this dream of rebirth, though all knew
At this point, another soul walked alongside
The woods enthralled from things unforeseen thus grew
Rediscovered lights through shadowed paths reside-
For knowledge’s wind blew…for knowledge’s wind blew
Heads bowed—silence reigned and trails of tranquil pride
Wrote lines of creation; hued colors mixed flew
To the only place were serenity’s guides
Epiphanies re-grow…
To the only place were serenity’s guides
Visual Template


A Villonnet is a hybrid of the Villanelle and the Sonnet. It has the Iambic Pentameter of both, but holds the four-stanza/line structure of the sonnet, while utilizing the two-line rhyme nature of the villanelle. The final stanza replaces the sonnet couplet with a typical villanelle tercet.
The Villonnet is another hybrid form created by D. Allen Jenkins. This is a recent invented form which is said to be a cross between a Villanelle andSonnet.
The Villonet is:
  • a poem in 15 lines, made up of 3 quatrains followed by a tercet.
  • metric, iambic pentameter.
  • rhymed, A¹bbA²cddceffeA¹bA² or A¹xxA²bxxbcxxcA¹xA² x being unrhymed.
  • NOTE: Jenkins also used A1xxA2axxA1axxA2
  • L1 is repeated as L13 and L4 is repeated as L15.
Thanks to Judi Van Gorder for the resource at PMO 
Example poem
Rooted #1
Rooted in Love    (Villonnet) 
A spell was cast to keep me from my bride 
Our lives could not be taken, we were changed; 
Our molecules were vastly rearranged. 
And I could break the spell if I but tried. 
I metamorphed, becoming half a man 
My wizard gave mobility to me, 
and said, “You must now find your sweetheart’s tree. 
Touch it and you’ll become as you began” 
I searched the valleys- climbed up many hill, 
I followed rumors sent from other trees; 
and pheromones relayed by helpful bees, 
and when I found her, she was lovely still. 
A spell was cast to keep me from my bride 
The one who cast the spell had been deranged
and I could break the spell if I but tried. 
Rooted #2
© Lawrencealot – Oct. 20, 2013 
Visual Template

Skeltonic Verse

My Summary:  Skeltonic Verse  is:
Any number of lines without a Stanza break
Each line consist of two heavy stresses and any number of unstressed syllable
Lines are mono-rhymed until the poet decides to begin a new rhyme.
The poem should have energy and be fun.
Skeltonic Verse is named after its creator, English poet John Skelton (1460-1529),who tutored King Henry the Eighth when he was just a prince, spent time in prison, was censured by the Church and in general, seemed to have a great amount of fun.
Sources I found useful with more information you may appreciate.
Skeltonic Verse which today is sometimes also referred to as Tumbling Verse, is from the 15th century when English poet John Skelton (1460-1529) created short lines which resemble the hemistich of the Tumbling Verse of King James. It is a subgenre of Georgic, didactic verse, the verse usually being instructional in nature. The lines are of irregular dipodic meter with a tumbling rhyme
Skeltonic Verse is:
  • written in any number of dipodic lines without stanza break.
  • dipodic which is a line with 2 heavy stresses and any number of unstressed syllables.
  • rhymed, tumbling rhyme is any number of monorhymed lines until the rhyme runs out of energy then the lines switch to a new mono-rhyme series. 
My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for the great PMO resource.
Structure, Metrical Requirement, Rhyme Scheme Requirement
Developed by John Skelton (Happy Hank, the Wife Slayer’s poetic mentor and court poet), these are satirical rhymed dipodic lines. It is also known as Tumbling Verse. This requires explaining the difference between podic and accentual-syllabic verse. With accentual-syllabic verse, every syllable counts, both stressed and unstressed. If a line of verse is iambic pentameter, it will be ten syllables alternating between unstressed and stressed as: da_DUM da_DUM da_DUM da_DUM da_DUM.
“I dived beneath the desk to hide from her.”
Podic verse was kind of a looser midway point between the alliterative accentuals of the Anglo-Saxons and the accentual-syllabics that Chaucer adapted into English based on French forms that were rhymed and syllabic. So, podic verse is usually rhymed and has a certain number of stresses in the line, but the number of unstressed syllables doesn’t count. A dipodic line has two stresses. It might have from zero to four unstressed syllables, so the line can vary from two to six syllables and still be dipodic.
“Her eyes aflame
fire bright
cast her claim
all night.”
Although this quatrain varies between two and four syllables per line, they are all dipodic.
Skelton’s rhyming was also inconsistent. He might rhyme two lines in a row or ten, then he’d change rhymes for another indeterminate length, and then do it again.
My thanks to Charles L.  Weatherford who frequently provides more detail and insight than most.
My Example Poem
Dipodic What?
Dipodic Verse
Will be Terse.
Stress used just twice
to keep it nice,
short or long
a lilting song
or sounding gong
that won’t go wrong
if you adhere
to the rule here,
Now is that clear
My dear?
© Lawrencealot – 2013

Sicilian Sestet

Sicilian Sestet
Possessing similar origins, as the Italian Sestet, 
the Sicilian sestet had no set meter, but the 
anglicised version uses Iambic tetrameter or pentameter.
The rhyme pattern is as follows; ababab
Example Poem
Write a Sicilian Sestet
Sicilian sestets have most simple rhyme. 
The metric foot can be both four and five,
(but not at once), just one poem at a time. 
Here pentameter iambs are alive. 
Don’t strain yourself in finding rhyme like I’m. 
Just think ahead and then you can survive. 
© Lawrencealot – July 25, 2012
Visual Template

Short Measure

Meter: Iambic trimeter, EXCEPT line three which is iambic tetrameter
Rhymed: xaxa xbxb …
Short Measure or Short Meter, is:
  • stanzaic, written in any number of quatrains. When written in octaves doubling the short measure quatrains, the verse form is called Double Short Measure.
  • metered, most often L1, L2, L4 iambic trimeter, L3 is iambic tetrameter.
  • rhymed, Rhyme scheme xaxa xbxb etc x being unrhymed.
  • called Poulter’s Measure when consolidated into 2 lines.
My thanks to Judi Gorder for creating the wonderful resource above.
Example Poem
Audition      (Short Measure)
The teacher greeted her,
the girl with hair in bun.
She wrote his lectures in a book,
as though his words were fun.
At work she did her job,
and filled the bosses cup.
Her brightness and congenial help
seemed never to let up.
In church she sat with legs
so primly crossed, and hands
reclining folded in her lap,
decorum church demands.
With me she is alive
and dresses to entice.
She shows some cleavage and some thigh,
the both of which are nice.
I’m looking seriously.
and want not just a tart.
her looks had hooked and reeled me in,
her mind got her the part.
   © Lawrencealot – January  6, 2013
Visual Template