The following description and example are reposted with permission from Poetry Magnum Opus, with thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on that fine resource.
The Totok is a verse form in 4 unrhymed lines of anapestic tetrameter. I found this form in only one source although I was able to find that the word “Totok” refers to Cantonese immigrants that come to Thailand and tend to retain their Chinese language and customs. The elements of the Totok are:
a poem in 4 lines.
accentual syllabic, anapestic tetrameter. uuS uuS uuS uuS
A tick ticking of earth’s endless seasonal clock, though our Winter stayed late, Spring began without fanfare, silent sprouts broke the surface of frost covered ground slipping Spring forth with showers and flowers and light. ~~ Judi Van Gorder
As the weather gets cooler and nights start to chill and the holiday seasons promote our good cheer and we wave to our neighbors out raking the leaves we are thinking ahead to next summer’s warm days.
Paraphrased Great Poetry is an invented form created by Amera on Allpoetry.com.
Take a well-known poem, then rewrite it in four lines of iambic trimeter (six-syllable lines with the stressed syllables in position 2, 4, and 6). These are monorhyme poems, meaning all of the lines end with the same rhyming word (rhyme scheme AAAA).
The Wreck of the Hesperus
The Hesperus did sail Into a blust’ring gale, But like the poor in jail, She couldn’t make the bail.
Evang’line, young and shy, In exile lost her guy, But found him, by and by, In time to see him die.
I wandered like a cloud O’er hills both tall and proud, And they were well endowed In daffodilian shroud.
A-rapping at my door, A raven fluttered o’er, And said I’d see Lenore, But when? Why, “nevermore.”
Oh here comes Gunga Din, With water in a skin. Although he’s frail and thin, He’s better than I’ve been.
Paul Revere’s Ride
Now kiddies come and hear The tale of Paul Revere, Who shouted loud and clear, “The British, they are here!”
The Charge of the Light Brigade
The gallant Light Brigade Went charging up a grade. They did as they were bade, And then they all was dade.
“Beware” his dad implored. He took his vorpal sword, through tulgey wood explored. Then snickersnack! He scored!
all of the poetry of e. e. cummings
with letters small in size e cummings acted wise he opted to stylize and on that cap’talize
Specifications restated. It is a 4 line poem. (A single quatrain) Metered: Iambic trimeter. Rhymed: Monorhyme. Pattern aaaa
The Road Not Taken (Paraphrased Great Poetry)
The roads diverged, oh yes, I chose and felt no stress the road then travelled less. ‘Twas meant to be I guess.
The Gzha is: • syllabic, written in 6 syllable lines, usually trochaic. The form ends with a spondee SS. • written in 4 lines. • unrhymed but parallelism is expected. The poem often employs internal consonance and assonance.
Super Sunday by Judi Van Gorder
Wearing pads and helmets players fight for pig skin ball. The Super Bowl is football’s final Big Game.
Pasted from http://www.poetrymagnumopus.com/index.php?showtopic=641 My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource. Parallelism: Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses. Also called parallel structure.
By convention, items in a series appear in parallel grammatical form: a noun is listed with other nouns, an -ing form with other -ing forms, and so on.
Seasonal Procrastination (Gzha)
Driving, walking, riding, anxious always knowing Christmas time is coming I can’t wait, I must shop.
Next year I’ll do better
(promised that last Christmas.)
Seems the theme’s repeated
nearly every damn year.
The Cantar in verse is an octosyllabic quatrain that assonates and is usually limited to one strophe. The form dates back to 15th century Spain. Cantar is the Spanish verb “to sing” and in Spanish literature is loosely used as a noun for the “words for a song”.
The Cantar is: • a 4 line strophe written as a stand alone poem or combined with other forms such as the Seguidilla or Flamenca. • syllabic, all lines written in 8 syllables. • rhymed, L2 and L4 rhyme with assonance, sometimes true rhyme but generally not. L1 and L3 are unrhymed however the end syllable should be stressed.
Cantar by Judi Van Gorder
The windward breeze sings high tenor while rolling waves play bottom bass along the ragged shore. The song of the ocean follows my day.
• The Cantiga is a predecessor of the Cantar. The Galician-Portuguese poetic genre was written between the 12th and 14th centuries. Rhythm and musicality were central while the words were limited. The themes were focused on the individual, a woman singing to her lover, a man to his lady, and the best known cantigas were about the miracles of the Virgin Mary. The frame of the Cantiga is at the poet’s discretion although 8 syllable lines are common. • Cantiga de Amigo is a subgenre of the Cantiga, it is the female voice speaking of a lover. The voice could be the woman, her mother, her sister, or her friend, the subject is always the male lover. They are written in simple strophic forms, with repetition, variation, and parallelism, and most often include a refrain They are the largest body of female-voiced love lyrics of medieval times. • The Seranilla (Spanish – little mountain song) is a short lined strophic sub genre of 14th century Galician-Portuguese cantigas. It is often a light hearted poem built around the meeting of a gentleman and a pretty country girl. It is often written in 5 syllable lines without prescribed number of lines or rhyme, both at the discretion of the poet. When written in octasyllabic lines it is called a Serrano.
Pasted from http://www.poetrymagnumopus.com/index.php?showtopic=1018 My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource.
Fear of Heights (Cantar)
Upon this precipice I sit because I’m quite afraid to stand. I’ll crawl away or maybe slink for I’m an acrophobic man.
This is a form invented by Hani_Nasar writing on Allpoetry.com.
Form name : Antonymical Poem
Details : The form antonymical poem is a four line poem and is given after the name antonyms . The first line contains one word which is the antonym of the second line word . The second line contains one word which is the antonym of the 1st line . The third line contains the word of 1st line . And the fourth line contains the word of 2nd line.
For example :
Lock ( an antonym of the 2nd line )
Key ( an antonym of the 1st line )
Lock your past , ( Contains the word of 1st line )
To find a key for your future . ( Contains the word of the 2nd line )
Pasted from http://allpoetry.com/contest/2638611-My-Poetry-Form
Don’t Rush to Dawdle
Rush If you see a duckling dawdle, seemingly caused by his waddle, don’t rush to match that toddle by quickly drinking from your bottle.
A two-couplet poem where the first couplet states a thought and the second flips it, or shows the other side. It is syllabic, showing some relation to many Japanese poems by alternating seven and five-syllable lines, but has rhyme. The rhyme can be as rhymed couplets or merely the second and fourth line of the poem.
jue ju—– the curtailed or frustrated verse, does not mean to tell a story but to create a mood. It does in the most frugal way imaginable, and with a high tone. The impression one gets is much like that from a symphony orchestra where a solo instrument takes up the theme. A jue ju has only four lines of five or seven syllables each.
Jue Ju (curtailed or frustrated verse) is one of the oldest of the Chinese patterns and in the 3rd century AD the Jue Ju was very popular. It often carried “suggestively erotic themes”. It does not tell a story but attempts to create a mood.
The basic rhythmic unit of Chinese poem is the single character (zi), which is pronounced as one syllable. In English the word represented by the character might be more than one syllable. Originally the Jue Ju was composed in 5 character lines. By the Tang era, 8th century it had evolved to a 7 character pattern and became fundamental to Chinese poetry.
The Jue Ju is:
metered, 5 or 7 character or word lines. (lines should be same length)
composed of 4 lines.
compared to Western poetry could be considered terse and compressed. 秋月 (程颢) 清溪流过碧山头，空水澄鲜一色秋； 隔断红尘三十里，白云红叶两悠悠。Autumn Moon by Cheng Hao translated by Xiao-zhen aka worm, Nov 6,2009
Over green hills a limpid brook flows
Sky mirrored in the water of autumn hue
Away from the distant earthly world
Maple leaves and velvet clouds leisurely float
“The Autumn Moon, a seven-character-‘cutshorts’ (jue ju), was composed by an ancient Chinese poet Chen Hao (1032–1085), a philosopher of Northern Song Dynasty. No line of the poem touches the autumn moon, but it shines every line.” ~~Xiao-zhen aka worm pillow woman by judi Van GorderRaven strands of silk tangle
and spread over her pillow.
With soft eyes, pleasure waits
white curves stretch upon futon.
Naani is one of Indian’s most popular Telugu poems. Naani means an expression of one and all. It consists of 4 lines, the total lines consists of 20 to 25 syllables. The poem is not bounded to a particular subject. Generally it depends upon human relations and current statements. This poetry was introduced by one of the renowned Telugu poets Dr. N.Gopi, presently working as vice-chancellor to Telugu University, Andhra Pradesh.
Without answer as criticism.
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