Cywydd deuair fyrion

Cywydd deuair fyrion

Type: Structure, Metrical Requirement, Rhyme Scheme Requirement
Description: Four syllable lines in rhymed couplets. (Cow-idd dye-ire vuhr-yon or cuh’-with day’-air fruh’-yon) It can be true or half-rhyme.
Origin: Welsh
Rhythm/Stanza Length: 2

Pasted from
My thanks to Charles L. Weatherford for his years of work on the wonderful Poetrybase resource.

My example

Convenience Store Theft

Convenience Store Theft (Cywydd deuair frion)

Give them some slack
They’re young and black
It is their right
to steal tonight.
Forget the facts
blame the attacks
on white abuse,
a fine excuse;
they can’t appeal
so they must steal.

© Lawrencealot – November 25, 2014

Cyhydedd Naw Ban

Cyhydedd Naw Ban, cuh-hée-dedd naw ban, is the 17th codified ancient Welsh Meter, an Awdl merter. Poems using this meter often have lengthy sequences of couplets without change of rhyme. 

The Cyhydedd Naw Ban is:
• written in any number of rhymed couplets.
• made up of 9 syllable lines.
• rhymed, aa etc.
x x x x x x x x A
x x x x x x x x A
Wrthyt greawdyr byt bid vygobeith
Wrthyf byd drugar hywar hyweith
Yth arge neud gwae nyt gwael y gweith
Wrth dynyon gwylon y bo goleith
Wrht hynny Duw vry vrenhin pob ieith
yth archaf dagnef keinllef kanlleith.
Einion 15th century

News Images by Judi Van Gorder

They stand tall with bravado and yet,
covered faces deny who we’ve met.
Rockets, AKAs, swords, held in threat,
brow of hapless hostage exudes sweat.
No games played here, you will lose the bet,
mistakes of the past, lead to regret.

Pasted from
My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource.

My example

Dainty Dolly and Her Sister Anne (Cyhydedd Naw Ban)

Dainty Dolly and her sister Anne
have both been romancing the same man.
The gutsy guy’s known as Dapper Dan,
who plays the ladies because he can.
But when they saw him flirt with Dianne
The sisters imposed a Dan man ban.

© Lawrencealot – November 25, 2014

Cyhydedd fer

Cyhydedd fer cuh-hée-dedd ver (short equivalence rhyme), the 14th codified ancient Welsh Meters is a stanzaic Awdl. It is simply couplets in rhymed 8 syllable lines. It is less commonly used by the Welsh who seem to prefer 7 syllable lines. In the ancient poems, these couplets were often multiplied into long stanzas all carrying the same rhyme or employed to present a riddle dyfalu.
The is:
• written in any number of rhymed couplets.
• made up of 8 syllable lines.
• rhymed aa bb cc dd etc.
x x x x x x x A 
x x x x x x x A
“in many old Welsh poems, a mood is established by a
description of the season of the year….”

Pasted from
My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource.

My example

Decision Time in Ferguson (Cyhydedd fer)

Excuse me if I hesitate.
I’m white and this town’s filled with hate.
Gun shops this week made a killing.
selling guns to people willing
to be their own line of defense
or punish those who give offense.
Going downtown just for viewing
Seems a very stupid doing.
A mob’s a mob with little thought
of acting the way people ought.
I’ll get ready for Thanksgiving,
and remain among the living.

© Lawrencealot – November 24, 2014
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Cyhydedd fer


Pathways for the Poet by Viola Berg (1977) is a book for and by educators. Classic poetic forms as well as many invented forms which appear to have been invented as teaching tools or exercizes for use in workshops or classrooms are included. Some of these invented forms I have found in use in internet poetry communities, a testament to their staying power. On this page I include the metric invented forms found there in which appear to be exclusive to the community of educators from whom Ms. Berg drew her support. I have yet to find these in any other source. I have included the syllabic invented forms on a separate page. Whether classroom exercise or sharpening your skill as a writer, some of these forms can be fun to play with.

• Arabesque created by Lucille Evans features head rhyme (rhyme in the beginning of the line) in couplets. The end words rise and fall. 

The Arabesque is:
○ stanzaic, written in any number of couplets.
○ metered in pattern but no line length is required. The beginning metric foot of each line is a trochee Su, and the end foot of each line is alternately feminine and masculine.
○ rhymed, head rhyming couplets (rhyme at the beginning of the line).

Sample by Judi Van Gorder

Aching with a need to be sleeping,
making my fingers continue to type.
Writing a poem to be an example,
fighting fatigue to complete this tome.
Pasted from
My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource.

My example

Tavern Tango (Arabesque)

Mumble, drink beer and then grumble;
Stumble, your way through the door
Married men forgot their troubles,
Buried their unbidden woes.
Lookers have left without buying;
Hookers found men dumb and dull.

© Lawrencealot – September 1, 2014

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Ruthless Rhyme

Ruthless Rhyme
Ruthless rhymes were created by Harry Graham. If you haven’t met them before, and enjoy things that are deplorably funny but not in the best possible taste, do please seek out his work. (My favourite is the one about little Leonie.) It’s not that easy to write a poem about death that’s funny without being offensive. How about this one:
Out in the Wash
When spouse and clothes got in a tangle
They went together through the mangle.
The faithless rat I did not grieve –
Still flatter, but can’t now deceive.
Ruthless rhymes are always written in rhyming couplets – usually two of them, but occasionally more.
Thanks to Bob Newman for his wonderful Volecentral resource site.
The link below will lead you to a fine selection of poems by
By Jocelyn Henry Clive ‘Harry’ Graham who just became on of my favorite poets.
Here are a couple of examples of his work.
LATE last night I slew my wife,
Stretched her on the parquet flooring;
I was loath to take her life,
But I had to stop her snoring.
The Perils of Obesity
YESTERDAY my gun exploded
When I thought it wasn’t loaded;
Near my wife I pressed the trigger,
Chipped a fragment off her figure;
‘Course I’m sorry, and all that,
But she shouldn’t be so fat.
My example poem
Laundry Mix     ( Example of Ruthless Rhyme)
Into the wash I threw the cat
and Mom said I ought not do that.
But still a load of underwear
feels nice when coated with cat hair.
© Lawrencealot – April 11, 2024
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Ruthless Rhyme