Coronach (wailing together) found in ancient Irish and Scot traditions, is a dirge or funeral song. It is specifically, a woman’s lament, a funeral song “shrieked by Celtic women”. It appears less strict in form than many of the ancient Irish writings. The distinct Irish feature of dunadh, beginning and ending the poem with the same word or phrase, was not practiced in the few examples I could find. Sir Walter Scott’s Lady of the Lake includes a Coronach.

The Coronach is:
• commonly written in any number of quatrains, each line 7 syllables (give or take a syllable).
• rhymed, rhyme scheme is either xaxa xbxb etc or abab cdcd etc.
• written without dunadh.

A slave woman’s song by Barbara Hartman 

Ramses rules our newborn sons 
must die tonight by his decree. 
Swords slash small throats, blood runs 
through streets while families flee. 

When, O God of Abraham, 
will you hear these mothers’ cries? 
Our infants, innocent as lambs, 
slaughtered here before our eyes. 

How long, O God, must we live 
and die by a Pharaoh’s whip? 
How much longer can we survive? 
— Take me, now, into your Fellowship.

Pasted from
My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource.


Treochair is:

a. written in any number of tercets.

b. syllabic (3)-7-7

c. stressed, L1 carries 2 stresses, L2 carries 3 stresses, L3 carries 2 stresses

d. rhymed, axa bxb cxc ….ending with axa

e. generously alliterated.

f. written with the defining features of most Celtic poems, cywddydd (harmony of sound) and dunadh (beginning and ending the poem with the same word, phrase or line)

Pasted from <>

My example

Pastel Words (Treochair)

Let’s dispense
with all such social babble
termed correct – it’s pure nonsense.

Truth I speak
or have nothing now to say.
I’ll shut-up but, not be meek.

I’ll abstain
from mumbling mousey mantra
posing as P C refrain.

Rob a bank.
The withdrawal’s unscheduled,
named as such would be a prank.

Break the law
to come here you’re illegal
whether fat, thin, ma, or paw.

They may be
proper folks with wants and dreams
but illegal, honestly.

Take offense
Americans then at last,
with this nonsense let’s dispense.

© Lawrencealot – October 27, 2014

Visual template


Cyrch Gymeriad

Earliest strata of British Celtic poetry #1: cyrch gymeriad (wreathing).
Information provided by Gary Kent Spain.
In Welsh, cymeriad (‘memory’) refers to repetition of the same word or syllable, often at the start of successive lines.  Cyrch gymeriad means what we call ‘wreathing’, that is, to repeat the word or syllable ending one line (or line segment) at or near the start of the next (see below).  It can involve meaning as well, that is, synonyms.
Your prompt is to assemble short (roughly two-stress) line segments of 3-6 syllables (mostly 3-4 if possible) into at least two longer lines (printed as stanzas) that rime on the last syllable (stressed or not), and to link each line segment with its neighbors by one (or more) of the following techniques:
1.  Cymeriad (beginning with the same word or syllable, or a homophone or synonym)
2.  Cyrch gymeriad (word or syllable repetition linking end of one with start of next)
3.  Alliteration, or consonance (repetition of two or more sounds of a word, can both be consonant sounds or one can be a vowel sound)
4.  Rimed syllable, which even should it occur at the ends of two successive line segments still constitutes ‘internal’ rime, since more than one make up the complete ‘line’ (i.e. stanza)
…again, the cymeriad may involve homophones (different words that sound the same) or synonyms, in addition to actual repetition.
Schematic, where each letter represents a syllable, x = unlinked, lower case (abc etc.) rimed, upper case (ABC etc.) repeated (cymeriad)—spaces separate words, bold and italics (alternating) indicate alliteration, and underlinedindicates a proper name.
x  A-B / B  A-c
xxx  C / C  DD
DD  EE / EE  xf
G-GG  f / G-GG  H
H  xx / f   x  xH
x  x-xx / x-x-x-h
x  xxi / x i / xx  h
Example Poem
Abalone abound
bound below to rocks;
rocked not by salty waves
but safety waived by men.
Men-selfish divers
“shell-fish dinners” served as
dining divers’ can.
Bountiful before man
manufactured gear
that fractured, broke the ban
banning air- breathing man.
Man equipped to submerge
then eclipsed by base urge-
Urgent need for meals
of otters, and seals.
Tasting abalone,
Shellfish about alone
in taste, attests to why-
Why we’ve failed fishing ban.
© Lawrencealot – July 13, 2013
I have provided a Visual Template below that shows my attempt at various linkages.
Unfortunately, I could not make this schematic fit the example poem provide, and pretty much believe it is UNREALISITIC to assume a template can be constructed since almost everything is optional, from line-length to type of linkage.