Mirrored Refrain

The Mirrored Refrain is a rhyming verse form constructed by Stephanie Repnyek.
The poem is formed by three or more quatrains where two lines within
the quatrain are the “mirrored refrain” or alternating refrain.
The rhyme scheme is as follows: xaBA xbAB xaBA xbAB, etc.. (xaABxbABxaBA)
There is no set meter or line-length.
x represents the only lines that do not have to rhyme within the poem.
But you CAN choose to rhyme them.
A and B represent the refrain.
Example Poem
A Night for Us
Her earrings match her blouse and skirt.
I hand the rose to my best friend,
With slow and silent kiss I start.
In brash flamboyant glee I end.
The fireplace shadows seem to flirt
With ceiling as the fire I start.
In brash flamboyant glee I end.
With slow and silent kiss I start.
We finish the night with the kids
at mom’s so ardor will ascend.
With slow and silent kiss I start.
In brash flamboyant glee I end.
Visual Template


Naani is one of Indian’s most popular Telugu poems. Naani means an expression of one and all. It consists of 4 lines, the total lines consists of 20 to 25 syllables. The poem is not bounded to a particular subject. Generally it depends upon human relations and current statements. This poetry was introduced by one of the renowned Telugu poets Dr. N.Gopi, presently working as vice-chancellor to Telugu University, Andhra Pradesh.
Example #1:
A dialogue
When lengthens
Remain questions
Without answer as criticism.

Copyright © 2001 Bollimuntha venkata Ramana Rao

Example # 2
Should I Critique Only Perfect Poems
Sometimes criticism bites
other times it sucks
choosing honesty over fluff
may cost you friends.
 © Lawrencealot – June 15, 2012


The term, which derives from skein, refers to a tightly wound little
A poem of 10 lines that rolls out in measured segments, then goes back and
picks up the short threads for the final unraveling.
It’s easier to show an example than try to describe it, so I have done that.
There seems to be widespread speculation on the parameters of the form, but
I’ve never found a definitive guide, so stick to the format in my example,
which is iambic with a rhyme scheme of aa bb cc cddc.   (aabbcccddc)
The first six lines alternate between tetrameter and dimeter;
the next three are tetrameter,
and the final line consists of L2, 4 & 6 all in a row.
Example Poem
Choose Cheer
My life’s a joy, it is indeed,
living my creed.
When troubles come they get resolved;
problems are solved.
They’re fixed, dismissed, conclusions drawn–
not dwelled upon.
Change direction,your angst is gone.
Options appear with each closed door
you otherwise might not explore.
Living my creed, problems are solved not dwelled upon.
Ignore upset; ‘t’wll disappear;
configure cheer.
To guaranty that your life sings
rearrange things.
Just make a stranger smile today.
Make your life play.
Sadness dissipates- goes away
once acknowledged and then released.
By attitude one’s joy’s increased.
Configure cheer. Rearrange things. Make your life play.
© Lawrencealot – August 7, 2012
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Palidrome Poetry

Palindrome Poetry
Also Known as Mirrored Poetry   (See also Tuanortsa  Trick Poetry).

A palindrome, by definition, is a word, phrase, verse, sentence, or even poem that reads the same forward or backward. It stems from the Greek word palindromos: palin, meaning again, and dromos, meaning a running. Combining the two together, the Greek meaning gives us, running back again…

Example Poem

Time to Caucus

Grumble and hollar and growl and mumble.

Mad and agitated was I glad?

Tumble and hoot now so bumble.

Bad events population sad,

bet placed folks upset yet

long faces folks wrong.

Yet good things get.

Throng in song.

One done


Done one

song in throng;

get things good yet.

Wrong folks faces long

Yet upset folks placed bet.

Sad population events bad

Bumble so now hoot and tumble

Glad I was agitated and mad!

Mumble and growl and hollar and grumble.

© Lawrencealot  – April 12, 2012


A syllabic form.
No meter specified.
No rhyme.
syllabic count 2/4/7/8/6;
line 1 is the subject;
line 2 gives description;
line 3, action;
line 4, the setting;
line 5, final thought.
Best Centered
Example poem

My Socks – Lost and Found
My socks
get a divorce
in my laundry; wallflowers
created in drier dances-
washday musical chairs.
© Lawrencealot – November 20, 2012

Visual template



The Piaku form takes part of its name from the fact that the syllable count for each line matches the digits in Pi.
Form Type: Syllabic
Origins: American
Creator: Mike Rollins
Number of Lines: Unlimited
Rhyme Scheme: Not Applicable
Meter: Not applicable
Pasted from <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pi>
1. Each line must be the same syllable length as the digit in that location in the PI sequence.
2. Poems may be of any length.
Pi:  3.14159 26535 89793
The Storm
Flash, Rumble
Awesome thunder
The wind will plunder
As did the pirates from on yonder
Raid, fall
Damn! My ship is sinking
The water stinging
The storm moves onward
I’m tired, I’m cold, I sink, I die.
Mike Rollins
The Rain
I say old
man ,
listen to that
Walking is no fun
on a night when horizontal rains
Scurry to the back yard
hurry quick then lie
by the fire.
(c) Lawrencealot – January 22, 2013
Visual Template


Form Created by John Madison Shaw, Sr., aka Arkbear on Allpoetry.
MUST have 5 Quatrains – (20 lines)
No Set Line length
No Set Meter
The Nth line of each quatrain must rhyme with each other.
Letter use restrictions.
No letter ( a ) in 1st L of each Q –
No letter ( b ) in 2nd L of each Q –
No letter ( c ) in 3rd L of each Q –
No letter ( d ) in 4th L of each Q –
ALL 1st L’s must have same end Rhyme –
ALL 2nd L’s must have same end Rhyme –
ALL 3rd L’s must have same end Rhyme –
ALL 4th L’s must have same end Rhyme –
Flow is a MUST!
Metaphors are a MUST!
Beautiful Poetic voice is a MUST!
There can be no fixed template for the form, for line length is NOT specified
Most I have seen have been pentameter or longer.
Since one can choose any line-length and meter
I have chosen Iambic tetrameter for this work.
Example Poem
Absurdlutely My Beloved    (Phyquain)
I’ll mow my way through drive-way snow
I’ll shovel  through the growing grass
I’ll throw the pigs at angry birds
or fly-fish somewhere in a blimp.
I’ll cry when comedy’s the show
and laugh at church and scratch my ass.
I’ll roller skate in buff’lo herds
I’ll teach ballooning to a shrimp.
I might return before I go,
or teach at school that has no class
or write a poem without words
or book a nun that needs a pimp.
I might invite the firefly’s glow
to brighten up each underpass
or make all homeboys into nerds.
I could teach rattlesnakes to primp.
These I might do, you’ll never know.
However you will be my lass
forever plus about two-thirds.
Always will I remain your imp.
© Lawrencealot – January 22, 2013
Since one can choose any line-length and meter
I have chosen Iambic tetrameter for this work.
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Pleiades form

This titled form was invented in 1999 by Craig Tigerman, Sol Magazine’s Lead Editor.
Only one word is allowed in the title followed by a single seven-line stanza.

The first word in each line begins with the same letter as the title.

Hortensia Anderson, a popular haiku and tanka poet, added her
own requirement of restricting the line length to six syllables.


 Example Poem

Striking frightful lightning
Sending shadows darting
Sudden squall surprising
Shrieking wind propelling
Screams against our faces,
Slamming hail bombarding –
Suddenly it’s over.
© Lawrencealot – April 16, 2012

Visual Template:
This was penned in trochaic trimeter, but that is not a requirement.


Purely Hopeful

This form was invented by Jennifer L. Hedin, aka on Allpoetry as Pure_Hope
A Four Stanza form, with two quatrains enveloping two tercets.
The syllable counts and rhyme-pattern for each stanza is:
9/8/7/6: abab
7/8/9: cdc
9/8/7: cdc
6/7/8/9: fgfg
There is no metric requirement.
Example Poem

Camping Trip
“Dress for camping,” I advised, “Wear red.
So she put on a pencil dress.
She wanted me home instead.
Her ploy was a success.
I stayed home and was not sad.
I was I’ll admit, quite content.
Next time I said “Camping won’t be bad.”
“Dress in red.  Wear boots- You will be glad.”
She dressed in leather; time well spent
and wore the best boots she had.
Even though she brought rope,
Figuring to snare our lunch?
I stayed home again.  I’m no dope.
And there I enjoyed my honeybunch.
 © Lawrencealot – September 14, 2012
Visual Template



Triquain…created by Shelley Cephas,
A Triquain is a seven line poem with syllables in multiples of 3 as follows:
3, 6, 9, 12, 9, 6, 3 This form is always centered.
syllabic,3/6/9/12/9/6/3,unrhymed,7 lines
ALWAYS Centered
Example Poem:

Interim Heaven  (Triquain chain – Cephas) 

The puppy
brought to the hospital
where the boy was dying adopted
him on first sight.  The lad’s pain was subdued by drugs.
Nothing could subdue the instant joy
filling him as he hugged
The puppy.
The cancer
would not relent, and yet
the boy’s eyes were brighter than before
and he never cried another day.  The puppy
snuggled when he slept and licked his face;
played gently other times
with the boy.
When the boy
passed on while he slept, the
puppy knew and whined, parents wept.  In
tears a younger brother took the pup, who shut up
and licked away that boy’s tears.  Wiping
grief away, replacing
it with love.
(c) Lawrencealot – May 7,2012
Visual Template:

As it happened, the Triquain above was the first one that I encountered.
It was not however, the first form given the name.

• The Triquain, found in Berg’s Pathways for the Poet 1977 appears to be an attempt at combining the haiku and Crapsey cinquain. It was created by L. Stanley Cheney and referred to in both the Caulkins’ Handbook and Pathways. This form comes a little closer to the purpose of haiku than some other haiku wannabees. There is another invented form also called a Triquain that appeared on the internet about 25 years later written in a syllabic heptastich.

The Triquain is:
○ a tristich, a poem in 3 lines. It is composed in 3 units, L1 introduces the subject, L2 expands and leads into action, L3 is the enlightenment or question.
○ syllabic, with 2-7-7 syllable count per line.
○ Titled, unlike the haiku.

stud by Judi Van Gorder

leggy colt struggles to stand
first of many challenges

Pasted from http://www.poetrymagnumopus.com/index.php?showtopic=1188#triquain
My thanks to Judi Van Gorder for years of work on this fine PMO resource.

My example

Inquiry (Triquan-Cheney)

preceding words, as babble
most unanswered before death

(c) Lawrencealot – October 29, 2014